Every year on December 22, National Mathematics Day is observed in honour of Srinivasa Ramanujan, a celebrated Indian mathematician known for his ground-breaking work in number theory, infinite series, and mathematical analysis. This day is devoted to celebrating his outstanding accomplishments and keeping his reputation as a mathematical genius alive.

On National Mathematics Day, we honour Ramanujan’s outstanding accomplishments and reflect on the importance of mathematics in our daily lives. More information about the background and significance of this day can be found here.

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## National Mathematics Day 2023

National Mathematics Day honours Srinivasa Ramanujan’s birthday and highlights and celebrates his outstanding accomplishments. Ramanujan’s extensive mathematical study and successful resolution of the supposedly “unsolvable” equations led to his reputation as a gifted mathematician. He is regarded as one of the top mathematicians in the world on both a national and international scale.

Due to his poverty, Ramanujan, who was born in Tamil Nadu in 1887, had a difficult life. In spite of this, he developed a passion for mathematics at a young age and, at the age of 15, bought George Shoobridge Carr’s Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics. He continued his independent study of mathematics despite the fact that he had to work as a clerk to make ends meet. He eventually managed to make contact with eminent academics from other nations, which allowed him access to Trinity College.

Name of Event | National Mathematics Day 2023 |
---|---|

Date | December 22nd each year |

Purpose | To celebrate Srinivasa Ramanujan birth anniversary |

## Things we learn about Srinivasa Ramanujan on Maths Day

In 2022, it is essential to be aware of the individual behind Mathematics Day. Srinivasa Ramanujan, born to a Tamil Brahmin family in 1887 in Erode, Tamil Nadu, had no formal mathematical schooling, yet his advances supplied profound examinations to tackle intricate mathematical issues utilizing new ideas and concepts. Ramanujan is lovingly named ‘the man who knew infinity.’

Ramanujan was accepted into Trinity College and became a part of the London Mathematical Society. In 1918, he was chosen to be a fellow of the Royal Society, making him the first Indian to receive such an honor from Trinity College Cambridge. To celebrate the legacy of Ramanujan, 22nd December was declared National Mathematics Day.

**Ramanujan’s Significance in Mathematics: The profound accomplishments of Ramanujan**

Srinivasa Ramanujan was a self-taught Indian mathematician who made remarkable contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. His profound accomplishments in mathematics were groundbreaking, and continue to be celebrated today. He was able to find new solutions and formulas by relying on intuition rather than rigorous proofs, which revolutionized the field. He is remembered as one of the greatest mathematicians ever, and his discoveries have had a lasting impact on mathematics and science. Ramanujan’s work has been applied to many different areas, including cryptography, quantum mechanics, and string theory. He was a true innovator and his legacy in mathematics will remain for many years to come.

- He made a variety of contributions to mathematical functions and number theory.
- 1729 is referred to as the Hardy-Ramanujan number.
- His papers were published in the Indian Mathematical Society Journal in 1911.
- He developed theories regarding elliptic integrals, divergent series, Riemann series, hypergeometric series, and the functional equations of the zeta function.

## History of Mathematics Day in India

The History of Mathematics Day in India is an annual event celebrated on the 22nd of December every year. This day is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of the great Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. It is a day to remember the great contribution of Ramanujan in the field of mathematics and to recognize the impact of his work. On this day, various educational institutions, organizations, and individuals across India come together to celebrate the achievements of mathematics and its importance in our lives. Through seminars, conferences, lectures, and other activities, people are made aware of the importance of mathematics and its applications in our day-to-day lives. The event serves as an opportunity to spread the knowledge and importance of mathematics and its history among the younger generation.

- In 1887, Ramanujan was born in Erode, Tamil Nadu, to an Iyengar Brahmin family.
- He was invited to join the London Mathematical Society in 1918, and as a result, he was made the youngest Fellow of the Royal Society.
- British mathematicians like G.H. Hardy, who was mesmerised by Ramanujan’s mastery of complex mathematics, were aware of his works.
- In honour of the illustrious Srinivasa Ramanujan, the former prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh declared this day National Mathematics Day in 2012.

## National Maths Day – Significance

Mathematics Day is celebrated as a reminder of the importance of mathematics. On this day, people recognize the role math plays in advancing humanity from its very foundation.

- Through camps, various students and math teachers receive free training. It emphasises the creation, distribution, and advancement of teaching and learning resources for mathematics.
- The government undertakes a number of initiatives to inspire, educate, and motivate the populace as well as the youth of the nation to adopt a favourable attitude toward mathematics.

## National Mathematics Day in India

In recognition of renowned Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, December 22 is observed as National Maths Day in India. Math-related events, competitions, and other celebrations are typically organised by educational institutions across the nation.

The National Academy of Science India (NASI) hosts a workshop to commemorate Maths Day once a year. Important mathematicians and speakers are invited from all over India to the event. Participants in the workshop frequently discuss Srinivasa Ramanujan’s contributions to mathematics both locally and internationally.

## National Mathematics Day FAQs

**What is the date of National Mathematics Day?**

Every year on December 22nd, National Mathematics Day is commemorated in honor of Srinivasa Ramanujan, one of India’s most renowned mathematicians. This day was declared by former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh in 2012.

**Which individual’s birthday is commemorated as National Mathematics Day?**

Srinivasa Ramanujan’s birthday is honored each year as National Mathematics Day. On December 22nd, the date of Ramanujan’s birth, Dr. Manmohan Singh declared it to be a day to recognize his significant contributions to the field of mathematics in 2021.

**What is the subject of National Mathematics Day 2022?**

National Mathematics Day 2022 does not have a particular focus. The goal is to raise awareness of the advances in mathematics and its significance in human advancement.

**What was the date of the initial observance of National Mathematics Day in India?**

India first commemorated National Mathematics Day on December 22, 2012, when the former Indian Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, announced its establishment. Since then, it has been an annual celebration held on the 22nd of December.

**Who initiated the National Mathematics Day?**

In 2012, former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh declared that 22nd December, the day of Srinivasa Ramanujan’s birth, would be nationally recognized as National Mathematics Day in honor of his accomplishments.