The Centre plans to roll out the "National Credit Framework" from Class 5 to PhD.

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Beginning with Class 5, the “National Credit Framework,” or NCrF will be implemented at the school level by the ministry of education in August. For assessment purposes, the credit framework will take into account both academic and extracurricular activities like sports, yoga, and music. The University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education have already begun implementing the credit-based structure in higher education institutions (AICTE).
According to the National Council of Vocational Education and Training (NCVET) meeting minutes from July, the framework suggests using 1,200 “notional learning hours” each year to assign credits for schooling, higher education, and vocational studies.

For early school education, 800 to 1,000 hours have been proposed in the draft finalised on July 13.

A high-level committee that included representatives from the ministry of skill development, the directorate general of training (DGT), and NCVET, as well as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), National Council for Educational Research and Training (NCERT), National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), and UGC, AICTE, drafted the NCrF. In late July, the government will make the document available for public discussion. Beginning in August, the NCrF is anticipated to be deployed in stages.

The committee has already completed the draught report on the operationalization of the credit structure up to the PhD level, multiple entry and exit, and features of academic equivalency. The group is now consulting state governments, central and state universities, and

NCrF 2022 course credit system: Class 5 to PhD

Academic or course credits are points that are often given to students based on their study time, performance on tests, and other comparable criteria. At the conclusion of a course, the system results in the student being given a “grade-point average.” Transitions within a system are made easier when it uses the same criteria for giving course credits throughout. The board exams for classes 10 and 12 will still be crucial.

Based on how many years a student has been learning, the framework has awarded credit levels. Students begin upper primary or elementary school in Class 5 (primary school) and advance to Class 8 (end of upper primary or elementary school) at Credit Level 2. The credit level will then increase starting in secondary school by 0.5 for each additional year of education, according to the plan. The pupil will similarly be at level three in Class 10 and level four in Class 12. Levels 4.5, 5.0, 5.5, and 6.0 will be covered during the four years of undergraduate study, while Levels 6.0, 6.5, and 7.0 will be covered during the three years of postgraduate study, with Level 8 being the highest credit level. Between a master’s and a doctorate, the MPhil served as a research training degree but has since been abolished.

For 1,200 hours of study, one earns 40 credits or 40 credits per year. A six-month semester will result in students earning 20 credits. One credit is equal to 30 “notional learning hours.” In addition, students can obtain additional credits by participating in programmes or assignments outside of their regular course load. Students may pursue two full-time degree programmes through the UGC or a mix of online and traditional degree programmes for this. Open and distant learning courses can use this structure as well.

The Academic Bank of Credits (ABC) will now be able to manage credits for school education, according to the committee’s plans. To verify and transfer credits, the ABC will be connected to the Digilocker.

NCrF: Credit system assessment components

“Hard separation between educational and co-curricular” activities will be eliminated under the proposed framework. Thus, in addition to classroom instruction, laboratory work, and class projects, the total learning hours will also include physical activities like yoga, sports, and other games. The assessment will also take into account activities on days when bags are prohibited as well as performing arts such as music, art, and handicrafts. The draught also includes assessments for minor or major projects, field trips, skilling, yearly exams, class tests, and quizzes for occupational education and training. Any type of experiential learning, including on-the-job training and internships, will also be covered.

Mayank Tewari


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