Consider the following organic compounds

Hi, I have a question and I hope anyone could answer it:

Consider the following organic compounds:

Out of these compounds:

(a) Which compound is most likely to be sweet-smelling?

(b) Which compound on treatment with conc. H2SO4 at 170oC forms an alkene?

(c) Which compound on repeated chlorination forms chloroform?

(d) Which compound is added to alcohol to denature it?

(e) Which compound is a constituent of vinegar?

(f) Which compound is used to sterilise wounds and syringes?

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1 Answer

  1. (a) The compound C4H9COOC2H5 is a sweet-smelling ester.

    (b) C2H5OH is the formula of ethanol which when treated with concentrated sulphuric acid at 1700C to form an alkene called ethene. It has the molecular formula C2H4.

    (c) CH4 (methane) is the compound which on repeated chlorination forms chloroform.

    (d) CH3OH (methanol or methyl alcohol) is added to alcohol to denature it.

    (e) CH3COOH (ethanoic acid) is a constituent of vinegar.

    (f) C2H5OH (ethanol) is the compound which is used to sterilize wounds and syringes.