NCERT Solutions for Class 12

ExamGyani’s experts have solved NCERT Solutions for Class 12 in order to assist students in achieving outstanding results on their board exams. This page contains all of the questions and answers that can be found in the CBSE NCERT Books. We have given comprehensive explanations for all of the Class 12 NCERT Solutions, i.e., we have solved all of the questions with step-by-step solutions in understandable language. As a result, students who are well-versed in NCERT Solutions Class 12 can comfortably pass their board exams. Continue reading to learn more about NCERT Solutions for Class 12.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12

Each and every issue on this page has a step-by-step solution. Students can gain an understanding of how to solve problems by working on NCERT Solutions for Class 12. You can quickly understand simple concepts easier and faster with the aid of these NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Science, Commerce, and Humanities. Furthermore, it is an excellent resource for assisting you in achieving successful results on the CBSE board review. To practise the NCERT Solutions for each chapter, simply click on the chapter-specific links provided below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 All Subjects

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths

  • Chapter 1 Relations and Functions
  • Chapter 2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  • Chapter 3 Matrices
  • Chapter 4 Determinants
  • Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability
  • Chapter 6 Application of Derivatives
  • Chapter 7 Integrals
  • Chapter 8 Application of Integrals
  • Chapter 9 Differential Equations
  • Chapter 10 Vector Algebra
  • Chapter 11 Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Chapter 12 Linear Programming
  • Chapter 13 Probability

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics

  • Chapter 1 Electric Charges And Fields
  • Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance
  • Chapter 3 Current Electricity
  • Chapter 4 Moving Charges And Magnetism
  • Chapter 5 Magnetism And Matter
  • Chapter 6 Electromagnetic Induction
  • Chapter 7 Alternating Current
  • Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves
  • Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  • Chapter 10 Wave Optics
  • Chapter 11 Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter
  • Chapter 12 Atoms
  • Chapter 13 Nuclei
  • Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics Materials Devices And Simple Circuits
  • Chapter 15 Communication Systems

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

  • Chapter 1 The Solid State
  • Chapter 2 Solutions
  • Chapter 3 Electro chemistry
  • Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics
  • Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry
  • Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Chapter 7 The p Block Elements
  • Chapter 8 The d and f Block Elements
  • Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds
  • Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Chapter 11 Alcohols Phenols and Ethers
  • Chapter 12 Aldehydes Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Chapter 13 Amines
  • Chapter 14 Biomolecules
  • Chapter 15 Polymers
  • Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology

  • Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms
  • Chapter 2 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Chapter 3 Human Reproduction
  • Chapter 4 Reproductive Health
  • Chapter 5 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Chapter 6 Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Chapter 7 Evolution
  • Chapter 8 Human Health and Disease
  • Chapter 9 Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Chapter 10 Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Chapter 11 Biotechnology:Principles And Processes
  • Chapter 12 Biotechnology and its Applications
  • Chapter 13 Organisms and Populations
  • Chapter 14 Ecosystem
  • Chapter 15 Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Chapter 16 Environmental Issues

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Vistas

  • Chapter 1 Third Level
  • Chapter 2 The Tiger King
  • Chapter 3 The Enemy
  • Chapter 4 Journey to the End of the Earth
  • Chapter 5 Should Wizard Hit Mommy?
  • Chapter 6 On the Face of It
  • Chapter 7 Evans Tries an O-level
  • Chapter 8 Memories of Childhood

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Prose

  • Chapter 1 The Last Lesson
  • Chapter 2 Lost Spring
  • Chapter 3 Deep Water
  • Chapter 4 The Rattrap
  • Chapter 5 Indigo
  • Chapter 6 Poets and Pancakes
  • Chapter 7 The Interview
  • Chapter 8 Going Places

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Poem

  • Chapter 1 My Mother at Sixty-six
  • Chapter 2 An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
  • Chapter 3 Keeping Quiet
  • Chapter 4 A Thing of Beauty
  • Chapter 5 A Roadside Stand
  • Chapter 6 Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Reading

  1. Comprehension Passage
    • Factual and Descriptive Passages
    • Literary Passages
    • Note-Making & Summarising
  2. Practice Tests
    • Practice Test – 1
    • Practice Test – 2
    • Practice Test – 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Writing Skills

  1. Short Compositions
    • Advertisement
    • Notice
    • Poster
    • Invitation & Reply
  2. Letter Writing
    • Business Letters
    • Official Letters
    • Letters to The Editor
    • Letters Of Application for Jobs
  3. Long Compositions
    • Articles
    • Debates and Speeches
    • Report
    • Factual Description
  4.  Practice Tests
    • Practice Test – 1
    • Practice Test – 2
    • Practice Test – 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Value Based Questions

  • Prose
  • Poetry
  • Practice Test – 1
  • Practice Test – 2
  • Practice Test – 3

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Novels

Suggested Questions

  1. Silas Marner
  2. The Invinsible Man

Sample Question Papers

  • Sample Question Paper – 1
  • Sample Question Paper – 2

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Hindi Aroh आरोह भाग 2

खंड-ग : पाठ्यपुस्तक एवं पूरक पाठ्यपुस्तक
आरोह, भाग 2
(पाठ्यपुस्तक)

(अ) काव्य भाग

  • Chapter 1 आत्म-परिचय, एक गीत
  • Chapter 2 पतंग
  • Chapter 3 कविता के बहाने, बात सीधी थी पर
  • Chapter 4 कैमरे में बंद अपाहिज
  • Chapter 5 सहर्ष स्वीकारा है
  • Chapter 6 उषा
  • Chapter 7 बादल राग
  • Chapter 8 कवितावली (उत्तर कांड से), लक्ष्मण-मूच्छ और राम का विलाप
  • Chapter 9 रुबाइयाँ, गज़ल
  • Chapter 10 छोटा मेरा खेत, बगुलों के पंख

(ब) गद्य भाग

  • Chapter 11 भक्तिन
  • Chapter 12 बाजार दर्शन
  • Chapter 13 काले मेघा पानी दे
  • Chapter 14 पहलवान की ढोलक
  • Chapter 15 चार्ली चैप्लिन यानी हम सब
  • Chapter 16 नमक
  • Chapter 17 शिरीष के फूल
  • Chapter 18 श्रम-विभाजन और जाति-प्रथा, मेरी कल्पना का आदर्श समाज

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Hindi Vitan वितान भाग 2

वितान, भाग 2
(पूरक पाठ्यपुस्तक)

  • Chapter 1 सिल्वर वैडिंग
  • Chapter 2 जूझ
  • Chapter 3 अतीत में दबे पाँव
  • Chapter 4 डायरी के पन्ने

खंड- क : अपठित-बोध

1. अपठित गद्यांश-बोध
2. अपठित काव्यांश-बोध

खंड-ख : कार्यालयी हिंदी और रचनात्मक लेखन

3. अनुच्छेद :

 Part – 1 
 Part – 2

4. कार्यालयी पत्र

जनसंचार माध्यम और लेखन  

5(i). विभिन्न माध्यमों के लिए लेखन
5(ii). पत्रकारीय लेखन के विभिन्न रूप और लेखन प्रक्रिया
5(iii). विशेष लेखन-स्वरूप और प्रकार

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies Part 1 Principles and Functions of Management

  • Chapter 1 Nature and Significance of Management
  • Chapter 2 Principles of Management
  • Chapter 3 Business Environment
  • Chapter 4 Planning
  • Chapter 5 Organising
  • Chapter 6 Staffing
  • Chapter 7 Directing
  • Chapter 8 Controlling

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies Part 2 Business Finance and Marketing

  • Chapter 9 Financial Management
  • Chapter 10 Financial Market
  • Chapter 11 Marketing
  • Chapter 12 Consumer Protection

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Part 1 Partnership Accounts

  • Chapter 1 Accounting for Partnership : Basic Concepts
  • Chapter 2 Accounting for Not for Profit Organisation
  • Chapter 3 Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner
  • Chapter 4 Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner
  • Chapter 5 Dissolution of Partnership Firm

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Accountancy Part 2 Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements

  • Chapter 1 Accounting for Share Capital
  • Chapter 2 Issue and Redemption of Debentures
  • Chapter 3 Financial Statements of a Company
  • Chapter 4 Analysis of Financial Statements
  • Chapter 5 Accounting Ratios
  • Chapter 6 Cash Flow Statement

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Psychology

  • Chapter 1 Intelligence And Aptitude
  • Chapter 2 Self And Personality
  • Chapter 3 Human Strengths And Meeting Life Challenges
  • Chapter 4 Psychological Disorders
  • Chapter 5 Therapeutic Approaches And Counselling
  • Chapter 6 Attitude And Social Cognition
  • Chapter 7 Social Influence And Group Processes
  • Chapter 8 Psychology And Life
  • Chapter 9 Developing Psychological Skills

Class 12 Psychology VIVA-VOCE QUESTIONS

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology: Indian Society

  • Chapter 1 Introducing Indian Society
  • Chapter 2 The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
  • Chapter 3 Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
  • Chapter 4 The Market as a Social Institution
  • Chapter 5 Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  • Chapter 6 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology: Social Change and Development in India

  • Chapter 1 Structural Change
  • Chapter 2 Cultural Change
  • Chapter 3 The Story of Indian Democracy
  • Chapter 4 Change and Development in Rural Society
  • Chapter 5 Change and Development in Industrial Society
  • Chapter 6 Globalisation and Social Change
  • Chapter 7 Mass Media and Communications
  • Chapter 8 Social Movements

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History

Expert Teachers have solved detailed, step-by-step NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History as per the NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. Now is the time to download.

  • Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation
  • Chapter 2 Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and Economies
  • Chapter 3 Kinship, Caste and Class Early Societies
  • Chapter 4 Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural Developments
  • Chapter 5 Through the Eyes of Travellers Perceptions of Society
  • Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts
  • Chapter 7  An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara
  • Chapter 8 Peasants, Zamindars and the State Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire
  • Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts
  • Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official Archives
  • Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations
  • Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  • Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
  • Chapter 14 Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, Experiences
  • Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New Era

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship

Expert Teachers have solved detailed, step-by-step NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Entrepreneurship according to the NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines. Now is the time to download.

  • Chapter 1 Entrepreneurial Opportunity
  • Chapter 2 Entrepreneurial Planning
  • Chapter 3 Enterprise Marketing
  • Chapter 4 Enterprise Growth Strategies
  • Chapter 5 Business Arithmetic
  • Chapter 6 Resource Mobilization

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science

The following is a list of chapters from the NCERT Textbook for Class 12 Political Science.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science : Contemporary World Politics

  • Chapter 1 The Cold War Era
  • Chapter 2 The End of Bipolarity
  • Chapter 3 US Hegemony in World Politics
  • Chapter 4 Alternative Centres of Power
  • Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia
  • Chapter 6 International Organisations
  • Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World
  • Chapter 8 Environment and Natural Resources
  • Chapter 9 Globalisation

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Political Science : Politics In India Since Independence

  • Chapter 1 Challenges of Nation Building
  • Chapter 2 Era of One Party Dominance
  • Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development
  • Chapter 4 India’s External Relations
  • Chapter 5 Challenges to and Restoration of Congress System
  • Chapter 6 The Crisis of Democratic Order
  • Chapter 7 Rise of Popular Movements
  • Chapter 8 Regional Aspirations
  • Chapter 9 Recent Developments in Indian Politics

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Macro Economics

  • Chapter 1 Introduction to Macroeconomics and its Concepts
  • Chapter 2 National Income and Related Aggregates
  • Chapter 3 Money
  • Chapter 4 Banking
  • Chapter 5 Aggregate Demand and Its Related Concepts
  • Chapter 6 National Income Determination and Multiplier
  • Chapter 7 Excess Demand and Deficient Demand
  • Chapter 8 Government Budget and the Economy
  • Chapter 9 Foreign Exchange Rate
  • Chapter 10 Balance of Payment

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Micro Economics

  • Chapter 1 Introduction to Economics
  • Chapter 2 Consumer Equilibrium
  • Chapter 3 Demand
  • Chapter 4 Elasticity of Demand
  • Chapter 5 Production
  • Chapter 6 Cost
  • Chapter 7 Supply
  • Chapter 8 Revenue
  • Chapter 9 Producer Equilibrium
  • Chapter 10 Perfect Competition
  • Chapter 11 Non-Competitive Market
  • Chapter 12 Market Equilibrium with Simple Applications

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (C++)

UNIT – 1 : OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING IN C++

  • Chapter 1 C++ Revision Tour
  • Chapter 2 Object Oriented Programming in C++
  • Chapter 3 Implementation of OOP Concepts in C++
  • Chapter 4 Constructor and Destructor
  • Chapter 5 Inheritance
  • Chapter 6 Data File Handling
  • Chapter 7 Pointers

UNIT – II : DATA STRUCTURES

  • Chapter 8 Arrays
  • Chapter 9 Stack
  • Chapter 10 Queue

UNIT – III : DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND SQL

  • Chapter 11 Database Concepts
  • Chapter 12 Structured Query Language

UNIT – IV : BOOLEAN ALGEBRA

  • Chapter 13 Boolean Algebra

UNIT – V : NETWORKING & OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE

  • Chapter 14 Networking and Open Source Concepts

Solved Paper, 2017 (Delhi Set)
Solved Paper, 2017 (Outside Delhi Set)

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Computer Science (Python)

UNIT – I : OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING WITH PYTHON

  • Chapter 1 Review of Python
  • Chapter 2 Object Oriented Programming Concepts

UNIT – II : ADVANCE PROGRAMMING WITH PYTHON

  • Chapter 3 Lists Manipulation and Implementation
  • Chapter 4 Data File Handling
  • Chapter 5 Exception Handling & Generator Function

UNIT – III : DATABASES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND SQL

  • Chapter 6 Database Concepts
  • Chapter 7 Structured Query Language

UNIT – IV : BOOLEAN ALGEBRA

  • Chapter 8 Boolean Algebra

UNIT – V : NETWORKING & OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

  • Chapter 9 Networking and Open Source Concepts

Advantages of Solving NCERT Solutions for Class 12 from ExamGyani

  • All of the Class 12 NCERT Textbook Solutions on this page are simple and straightforward.
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Books are written in simple language to enable students to comprehend concepts quickly.
  • All can access it at any time and from any location without difficulty.
  • The NCERT (CBSE) Syllabus and Books are used to answer all of the questions. As a result, learning these solutions would undoubtedly assist students in achieving successful exam results.
  • NCERT Solutions for Class XII are available for free on this website.

The NCERT Solutions are written in accordance with the CBSE and NCERT curricula. As we already know, schools associated with the Central Board of Secondary Education follow the National Council of Research and Training Organization’s curriculum. Students may use the solutions offered here not only to prepare for their board exams, but also to prepare for competitive exams in order to gain admission to colleges.

NCERT solutions for class 12 provide exercise-by-exercise solutions for all chapters in Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology. Our topic experts and teachers have developed these solutions. These solutions have been prepared with each student’s understanding level in mind, so that they are simple to learn. ExamGyani offers the best answers to all of your questions, complete with strategies and measures. These solutions have been developed in PDF format, which you can easily download for free. As a result, students can learn from them both online and offline.

All students in ExamGyani have access to CBSE Class 12 study materials. Math, Biology, Physics, and Chemistry are the topics studied in 12th grade. We have learning materials in PDF format for all of these subjects available here. These materials are simple to obtain. Students may also benefit from them when offline and achieve good grades. NCERT solutions, Syllabus, Revision Notes, Sample Articles, Previous Year Question Papers, and Critical Questions are among the resources addressed here. Since the 12th grade is a board test, extra care has been taken in preparing the content. These materials were created by our subject experts and talented teachers, many of whom have extensive teaching experience.

Every student aspires to achieve high grades on their final exams. However, not everyone is effective in achieving their goals. Some students find it easy to grasp concepts, while others find it challenging. As a result, we’ve prepared these materials with all students in mind, so that the definitions are simple and succinct for each and every one of them. As we all know, the results of Class 12th are extremely relevant to students. Their future is also dependent on these marks. Students must achieve excellent marks in their board exams in order to get into a good college or institute after 12th grade.

We hope the NCERT Class 12 Solutions on this page assist you in your board exam preparation.

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