PhD Social Sciences: Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Institutes, Scope

  • Posted 3 weeks ago

Mohit Dhulia

The PhD in Social Sciences is a three-year doctoral program. This course is entirely concerned with human society. It is concerned with individual relationships and their reliance on society. It teaches students how to conduct social research and fosters cross-cultural awareness. The PhD Social Sciences program covers a wide range of topics, including social uplift, public welfare, women’s empowerment, right-based activism, and many others. It focuses on a variety of important societal issues. The studies engage in a variety of research-based activities on a variety of topics.

The average PhD sociology tuition fee ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 400,000. Students have a broad range of career opportunities to choose from after completing the course. He or she could work as a public welfare officer, a social worker, or a civil servant, for example.

PhD Social Sciences: An Overview

Level of CourseDoctorate
Also referred asDoctorate of Philosophy in Social Sciences
Duration of Course3-5 years
Eligibility CriteriaMaster degree in relevant discipline
Process of AdmissionDirect Admission/ Entrance test.
Fee for CourseINR 10,000 to INR 400,000
Average Annual SalaryINR 18,000 to INR 20,000
Positions of Jobsocial worker, child right activist, NGO activist,social researcher, civil servant.
Top Areas of EmploymentCivil Services, Social Services, Teaching, Policy Coordination, Public Welfare Activities.

Relevant Links
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PhD in Social Sciences Eligibility Criteria

Some of the major eligibility criteria for the PhD Social Sciences program have been discussed here:

  • Candidates must earn a minimum grade of 55 percent in their master’s degree program from a recognized university.
  • Students must also pass the common entrance test with the required percentage for those institutes that conduct an entrance test.
  • Students in the reserved category may be eligible for grade relaxation. They must, however, produce their caste certificate in order to do so.

PhD in Social Sciences Curriculum/Syllabus

The PhD Social Science course syllabus is divided into various topics and domains. The following are some of the mandatory subjects that PhD Social Sciences students must study throughout their program:

Philosophy of social scienceTheories related to society
Research and FieldworkSociological basis of society
Thesis/Report preparationTheories of rights

PhD in Social Sciences Admission Procedure

The PhD Social Sciences admissions process is structured differently depending on the university or college where you want to enroll. If the admissions process is entirely merit-based, all you have to do is fill out the application form and provide the required academic information, then wait for the university to release the merit list. If, on the other hand, admissions are based on entrance test results, you will be required to take the exam and pass the cut-off. Then and only then will you be able to attend the college of your choice.

Based on Merit

The following is the procedure for applying for a PhD in Social Sciences:

  • Fill out the application form in the first step. As soon as the application forms are available, you must download them from the university’s official website and fill in the required information.
  • Obtaining a college acceptance letter The college will prepare a merit list after all of the application forms have been submitted, and the shortlisted candidates will be able to enroll in the college.

Based on Entrance

The following is the procedure for applying for a PhD in Social Sciences via an entrance exam:

  • Fill out the application form in the first step. Filling out the application form online is the most convenient way to do so. The form is also available on the college’s campus.
  • Take the entrance exam. After the application forms have been submitted, the entrance exam will be held. The conducting university determines the examination pattern.
  • Obtaining a college acceptance letter Candidates who pass the entrance exam and meet the cut-off can be admitted to that particular institute. The candidate may be required to visit the college campus in order to complete the admissions process.

PhD Social Sciences: Important Documents Required

  • Migration Certificate (No objection certificate from the university last attended)
  • Mark-list of the last qualifying degree examination
  • Documentary proof of the date of birth
  • A character certificate (from the head of the institute from which the student has obtained his qualifying degree)
  • No objection certificate from the employer (if employed)
  • Gap certificate (if applicable)
  • passing/degree certificate of the last qualifying degree examination.
  • Research Proposal.

Students should be aware that if the aforementioned certificates are not attached to their application, their application will not be taken into account for admission.

PhD Social Sciences: Important Entrance Exams

We’ve compiled a list of some of India’s most common PhD Social Sciences entrance exams:

  • Gujarat Technical University (GTU) PhD Entrance Exam: The Gujarat Technical University (GTU) PhD Entrance Exam is an entrance exam held by Gujarat Technical University. You have the option of taking the exam either online or offline.
  • One more national-level examination for PhD students is the UGC CSIR NET: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Eligibility Test. PhD candidates who pass this examination will have a lot of opportunities.
  • DTU Ph.D Entrance Test: Every year, Delhi University holds a DTU Ph.D Entrance Test to select students for its PhD programmes. The examination form for the same will be available in November.
  • UGC NET: The UGC NET is the examination that every PhD candidate must take. The examination is national in scope, and all candidates who have completed a certain percentage of their master’s degree program are eligible to take it.
  • LPUNEST: Lovely Professional University’s LPUNEST is an all-India level entrance exam. The examinations are held throughout June, and the examination pattern varies depending on the course.

PhD Social Sciences: Important Book Recommendations

If you want to get a good grade on your PhD, you should study from the best books available on the subjects. Some important books for the PhD Social Sciences course are listed below:

  • Abnormal Psychology: 1st Edition: Bridley and Daffin Jr.
  • Foundations of Social Work Research-Mauldin
  • Interpersonal Communication: A Mindful Approach to Relationships -Wrench, Punyanunt-Carter, and Thweatt

PhD Social Sciences: Preparation Plan

Preparing for the PhD Social Sciences entrance exam is difficult due to the large number of candidates who apply each year. Here are a few pointers to help you prepare:

  • First and foremost, you must learn how to manage your time. Only those who know how to manage their time effectively can achieve a high score on the entrance exam. This is due to the fact that every second counts when it comes to exam preparation.
  • After that, you must create a detailed study plan and stick to it. Making a study plan will help you organize your thoughts and keep you motivated throughout the semester. Your study plan, on the other hand, should be realistic and not too difficult to follow.
  • You should obtain a copy of the examination’s official syllabus. Knowing the syllabus is crucial when it comes to preparing for the entrance exam. This will ensure that you don’t miss any important sections and that you only study the parts that are relevant to the exam.
  • You must thoroughly revise all of your chapters. It is critical to revise thoroughly in order to achieve a high exam score. This will assist you in recapping all of the chapters you’ve already read. It will also improve your self-esteem.
  • The majority of colleges and universities follow a strict examination schedule. As a result, you can identify the examination pattern by practicing questions from the previous year’s question papers.
  • Maintaining your composure is also an important aspect of preparation. The majority of people do not achieve their goals because they are stressed. As a result, you should not be concerned and should remain confident in your preparations.
  • First and foremost, you must decide which college is the best fit for you. You can talk to your friends and family and seek advice from them.
  • You can find reviews and ratings on a variety of websites. This will give you an idea of whether or not the college to which you want to be admitted is up to par.
  • After you’ve decided on a college, you’ll need to begin the application process. The application for admission must be filled out meticulously.
  • If your college administers an entrance exam, you must prepare thoroughly. This will assist you in passing the test and clearing the cut-off.
  • Often, check the internet for important information such as the deadline for submitting an application, the number of openings, and the date of the entrance exam, among other things. You can also do so by visiting the university’s official website.
  • Examine the average CTC offered by the institute you want to join. It will not be a good decision to attend your college if it does not offer you good placements.
  • You should also be cautious when filling out the online application form. Before filling out the form, read the instructions carefully. Make every effort to avoid making a mistake. Your application form may be canceled if you do not follow these instructions.

PhD in Social Sciences: Top Institutes

Some of India’s best PhD social sciences colleges are listed below:

Ranking by NIRF 2020Institute NamePlaceAverage Annual FeeAverage Salary
Per Annum
2Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiINR 1,381INR 6 LPA
3Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiINR 8,368INR 10 LPA
9Savitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneINR 20,000INR 6.5 LPA
30Mahatma Gandhi UniversityKeralaINR 28,600INR 4 LPA
34Tata Institute of Social SciencesMaharashtraINR 60,800INR 15 LPA
44Gujarat UniversityGujaratINR 18,000INR 6 LPA
51Guru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsarINR 39,010INR 5 LPA
101-150Central University of RajasthanRajasthanINR 24,055INR 10-15 LPA
151-200Mohan Lal Sukhadia UniversityUdaipurINR 8,500INR 2.8 LPA

PhD Social Sciences: Institutes Ranked by NIRF

There are many well-known social sciences colleges in our country. So, according to the NIRF Ranking, here are some of India’s most prestigious PhD Social Sciences colleges:

Ranking by NIRF 2020InstituteProcess of AdmissionAverage
Annual Fee 
2Jawaharlal Nehru University, New DelhiEntrance testINR 1,381INR 6 LPA
3Banaras Hindu University, VaranasiEntrance testINR 8,368INR 10 LPA
9Savitribai Phule Pune University, PuneEntrance testINR 20,000INR 6.5 LPA
34Tata Institute of Social Sciences, MaharashtraEntrance testINR 60,800INR 15 LPA
101-150Central University of RajasthanEntrance testINR 24,055INR 10-15 LPA

PhD Social Sciences: A Comparison among Institutes

The following is a comparison of India’s top three PhD Social Sciences colleges:

InstituteJawaharlal Nehru University, New DelhiBanaras Hindu University, VaranasiSavitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
HighlightJNU is one of the best colleges in the country, admitting only the most deserving students. Students can take a variety of advanced courses at the university.BHU is one of the most prestigious universities in India and the world. The university’s social science program is particularly well-known.Savitribai Phule Pune University is a well-known Indian university. There are 66 academic departments at the university.
PlaceNew DelhiVaranasiPune
Ranking by NIRF239
INR 1,381INR 8,368INR 20,000
Eligibility CriteriaMasters in any relevant disciplineMasters in any relevant disciplineMasters in any relevant discipline
Process of AdmissionEntrance testEntrance testEntrance test
Top Hiring Firm Amazon, iBM,Adobe, Maruti Suzuki Flipkart, IBM, Amazon, Idea IBM, TATA Motors, Adobe, Deloitte

PhD in Social Sciences: Top Job Profiles

Students with a bachelor’s degree in social sciences have a wide range of career options. Students can work in a variety of fields and earn a good living. Non-governmental organisations, schools and colleges, social services, civil services, and public welfare activities are some of the most popular recruiting areas for PhD Social Sciences students.

Candidates will also have plenty of opportunities to conduct research in a variety of fields related to social science during the course. PhD Social Sciences students are also employed by a variety of government agencies. Public rights activists, social workers, NGO workers, civil servants, researchers, and others are some of the most common job profiles.

Profile  of Job Description of JobAverage Salary
Per Annum
Civil ServantCivil servants are primarily in charge of enforcing multiple government rules and regulations.INR 7-8 LPA
Social WorkerA social worker is someone who works for the good of society. He/she is primarily involved with a number of charitable organizations.INR 2.4-2.8 LPA
Public Right activistA public rights activist fights against violations of human rights, such as child labor, and brings such issues to the attention of the government.INR 2.4-2.6 LPA
NGO WorkerNGO workers are employed by non-governmental organisations and are involved in a variety of public welfare activities.INR 2-2.2 LPA
ResearcherA social researcher conducts critical analysis on social science-related topics.INR 2.6-3 LPA

PhD Social Sciences and PhD Psychology

The following is a comparison of the PhD Social Sciences and PhD Psychology programs:

Basis of ComparisonPhD Social SciencesPhD Psychology
Level of CourseDoctorate in Social SciencesDoctorate in Psychology
Course LevelPhD Social Sciences focuses on issues such as women’s empowerment, public welfare, and social upliftment.The normal and abnormal functioning of the human brain and human behavior are the focus of PhD psychology.
Eligibility CriteriaMaster degree in relevant disciplineMaster degree in relevant discipline
Process of AdmissionDirect admission/ entrance testDirect admission/ entrance test.
Average Annual FeeINR 10,000 to INR 400,000 INR ,000- INR 100,000
Average Salary
Per Annum
3 LPA – 3.5 LPA3.5 LPA – 4 LPA
Institutes IIT-Guwahati, BITS-Pilani, IIT-Delhi, NIT-Rourkela, IIT-KharagpurBanaras Hindu University, Allahabad University, Punjab University, Kurukshetra University
Areas of Recruitment NGOs, public welfare activities, Teaching, social services. clinics, private counselling centres, Healthcare centres, colleges and universities.
Top Profiles of JobSocial researcher, child rights activists, Social worker, civil servant. industrial psychologist, Clinical psychologist, educational psychologist, lecturer, etc.

Some other important areas of Employment

  • Research
  • Labor activist 
  • NGO Worker
  • Public rights activists
  • Teaching, social services
  • Public welfare activities
  • Civil Services
  • Policy coordination

PhD in Social Sciences: Benefits and Scope

  • PhD Social Sciences is a highly sought-after program that offers students numerous career options. We’ve compiled a list of some of the most compelling reasons to pursue a PhD in social sciences:
  • The PhD Social Sciences program covers a wide range of subjects. Students gain a thorough understanding of the subject as well as a variety of related topics.
  • The majority of the activities in this course are research-based. Throughout the course, the students engage in a variety of research activities.
  • Candidates are hired in a variety of fields, including teaching, civil service, social services, policy coordination, and public welfare activities, among others.
  • Students may work as social activists, civil servants, NGO activists, child rights activists, social researchers, or in other positions.
  • PhD Social Sciences candidates can expect to earn between 3 and 3.5 LPA per year. With time, the salary will progressively increase.


Is there a place for students pursuing a PhD in Social Sciences to stay?

Yes, some of the best colleges do provide housing for PhD candidates in the social sciences.

What is the particular fee structure for students pursuing a PhD in social sciences?

Generally, fees range from INR 10,000 to INR 400,000.

What are the requirements for a PhD in social sciences?

You must earn a master’s degree from a recognized university with a minimum grade point average of 55 percent.

Is the entrance exam for a PhD in Social Sciences admission required?

Not all colleges require you to take an entrance exam. Only a few institutes, such as the IITs and NITs, require it.

How long does it take to complete a PhD in the social sciences?

The PhD in Social Sciences program takes about three years to complete.

Do the IITs offer any financial assistance to candidates for a PhD in social sciences?

Yes, if you get a good NET UGC score, you may be eligible for a generous scholarship.

What is the best university in India for a PhD in Social Sciences?

The following are some of the best universities and colleges:
New Delhi’s Indian Institute of Technology
Kharagpur’s Indian Institute of Technology
Pilani’s Birla Institute of Technology and Science

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