PhD Philosophy - Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Top Institutes, Scope

  • Posted 3 weeks ago

Mohit Dhulia

A PhD in Philosophy is a doctoral-level program that lasts at least three years. A Master’s Degree in Philosophy or Literature Study, or an M.Phil Degree, is required to pursue a PhD in Philosophy. The course covers innate problem-solving and analysis abilities, as well as strong comprehension and communication abilities. The full degree program lasts three years, and the curriculum is divided into six six-month semesters.

It focuses on the development and research of theses in areas such as Western Philosophy, Modern Philosophy, Indian Philosophical Studies, and so on, and ensures that projects are completed safely and with adequate resources, as well as the development of theses from research.

Aside from pursuing a career in the field, PhD philosophy students can continue their own research in the field or even look into conducting seminars in another country.

PhD Philosophy: An Overview

The following are some of the course’s major highlights.

Level of CourseDoctorate
Also referred asDoctorate of Philosophy in Philosophy
Duration of Course3 Years to 6 Years
Type of ExaminationSemester/Annual
Eligibility CriteriaMasters degree + the candidates should have cleared the Entrance test conducted by the respective university.
Process of AdmissionEntrance exam based followed by a round of Personal Interview
Fee for CourseINR 50,000 – 5 LPA
Average Salary
Per Annum
INR 10 – 20 LPA
Top Hiring FirmsEducation, literature, law, Research, banking, the civil service, analyst, business and science, PR or politics. Communications, publishing, HR, and advertising, etc.
Positions of JobAssistant Professor, Head of the educational department,Senior Research and Development Manager, Philosophical/ Literature Researcher, Political Advisor, etc

Relevant Links
Ph.D. (urdu) Ph.D. (public Administration) Ph.D. (social Sciences)
Ph.D. (fine Arts) Ph.D. (humanities And Social Science) Ph.D. (music)

PhD Philosophy Eligibility

The following are the eligibility criteria for the PhD in Philosophy course:

  • Candidates for the PhD Philosophy program must have a Master’s Degree in Arts, Philosophy, or Literature from a recognized university, such as an M.A. (Philosophy) or M.Phil.
  • Admission to the course requires a minimum grade of 50 percent aggregate or equivalent CGPA.
  • For admission, students must pass entrance exams and then have a personal interview.

PhD Philosophy: Important Documents Required

  • Mark-list of the last qualifying degree examination
  • Documentary proof of the date of birth
  • Gap certificate (if applicable)
  • Migration Certificate (No objection certificate from the university last attended)
  • A character certificate (from the head of the institute from which the student has obtained his qualifying degree.
  • Research Proposal
  • passing/degree certificate of the last qualifying degree examination.

NOTE: Students should be aware that if the aforementioned certificates are not attached to their application, their application will not be taken into account for admission.

PhD Philosophy Admission Procedure

Admissions to PhD philosophy programs in India are based on national-level entrance examinations such as the CSIR UGC NET, UGC-NET, or university-level entrance examinations such as the JNU Entrance Exam, among others.

Following the selection process, the respective college conducts counseling or a personal interview round, based on which the final seat allocation is made.

The steps to remember when applying for a Ph.D. in Philosophy are as follows:

Step 1: Go to the college’s official website and register by completing the online application. Provide the requested information, such as your name, phone number, and email address.
Step 2: Use the generated unique Login ID to log in. Applicants are required to provide personal and academic information such as Gender, Address, Subject, Marks, and so on.
Step 3: Scan and upload the required documents, such as mark sheets, certificates, photographs, signatures, and so on, in the size and format specified by the college.
Step 4: Submit an application for the entrance test.
Step 5: Applicants must pay the fee either online or at the college’s location. A confirmation is sent to the applicants via mail once the application fee has been paid successfully.
Step 6: Applicants must download and save the registration form in order to receive their entrance exam admit cards in the future.
Step 7: Take the entrance examination.
Step 8: After the exam has been completed successfully, a list of qualified applicants will be issued.
Step 9: Qualified candidates must then attend personal interview rounds in order to be admitted to the university.

PhD Philosophy: Focus Area

To learn more about PhD philosophy, read the following points:

  • The PhD Philosophy degree is among the highest levels of education and includes philosophical orientations for conducting in-depth research for conceptualization and scale development processes.
  • Candidates can only enroll in the program full-time if they have a PhD from a distance program, which will not be recognized.
  • For individuals seeking jobs in this field, this course has a minimum duration of 3 years and a maximum duration of 6 years.
  • A PhD in philosophy is an enhanced degree that helps prepare students for careers as philosophy teachers and other self-employed endeavors.
  • Fine research conducting abilities, good communication skills (oral and verbal), analytical skills, and other skills are needed to pursue a PhD philosophy.
  • The course will cover topics such as typical research design, statistics, data analysis, and problem-solving.
  • The program also includes periodic evaluation and practice, as well as course readings, which are the most important parts of the course.

PhD Philosophy: Important Entrance Exams

Some of the entrance exams for a PhD in Philosophy include:

  • CSIR UGC NET: The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers a national Junior Research Fellowship and Lectureship test for PhD admission to various institutes.
  • UGC NET: This is a test for Junior Research Fellowships and Assistant Professorships that will be administered after July for admission to PhD programs.
  • JNUEE: The Jawaharlal Nehru University conducts the JNUEE in order to select students for postgraduate degree programs.

PhD Philosophy: Important Skills Required

Aspirants to the PhD in Philosophy should be capable of problem-solving and decision-making. They must also be self-assured, dedicated, and obligated to their goals. Skills that qualify you for a PhD in Philosophy:

  • Quantitative Analysis Skills
  • The Ability to Work Under Pressure
  • Research Skills
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Analytical Skills

PhD Philosophy: Preparation Plan

The PhD philosophy entrance examinations are among the most comprehensive, so consider the following tips for a better result:

  • The most thorough competitive examinations for research opportunities are the PhD Philosophy entrance exams. Candidates should determine how much time and days they will need to prepare thoroughly.
  • Concepts in science and math should be thoroughly studied. Quantitative aptitude, general aptitude, engineering, statistics, and other topics will be discussed. Candidates must manage their time according to the subject and topic they are studying.
  • To get a sense of the exam pattern, applicants must solve sample question papers and take a couple of mock tests and model tests. Candidates will have a better understanding of the exam pattern, allowing them to save time during the examination.
  • Applicants must gain knowledge to efficiently manage their time in order to complete 65 questions in approximately three hours and receive a total of 100 points. Candidates should practice using shortcuts for mathematical questions so that they can spend less time revising.
  • Applicants should sign up for weekly journals to stay up to date on the subject because it is a research-based subject.
  • To get into a top college, you must have exceptional grades and performance on your Master’s degree, as well as the required entrance exams.
  • Aside from that, the candidate’s performance in the interview must be excellent, as this will be used to make the final decision.
  • Candidates must be excellent at conducting research and presenting the results of their research.
  • Always stay informed about course cut-offs, eligibility, dates, application procedure and fees, and deadlines.
  • Candidates should study for the exam well ahead of time, covering all the required topics such as general attitude, engineering, and so on.

PhD Philosophy: Top Institutes

Some of the best Institutes in India that offer PhD Philosophy programs are listed below:

InstitutePlaceAverage Fees
Average Salary
(Per Annum)
Indian Institute of Technology, KanpurKanpur64,05022 LPA 
Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityDelhi1,38116 LPA
Jadavpur UniversityKolkata30,00010 LPA
Indian Institute of Technology, IndoreIndore70,90020 LPA
Indian Institute of Technology BHUVaranasi46,81514.75 LPA
University of CalcuttaKolkata4,4008LPA
Delhi UniversityDelhi24,00011.75 LPA
Indian Institute of TechnologyGandhinagar48,5006.6 LPA
Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarh9,28512 LPA
Chandigarh UniversityChandigarh85,00016 LPA 

PhD Philosophy Syllabus

The following is the basic PhD Philosophy curriculum that every aspirant must study throughout the course duration:

Paper I (Research)
Introduction to Research Methodology
Literature Survey
Data Collection and Organization
Principles of Thesis Preparation
Research tools and studies
Paper II (Optional)
Theory of knowledge
Advanced course in philosophy of science
Advanced course in logic
Advanced course in formal methods
Philosophy of statistics
Philosophy of the computer and information science
Decision theory
Philosophy of mathematics
Value theory
Philosophy of language
Philosophical aesthetics
Art Technology
Critical Reading in Philosophical Texts
Political philosophy
Environmental philosophy
Philosophy of language
Philosophy of Social Sciences
Paper III Elective (Indian Philosophical Studies)
Nagarjuna- Mulamadhyamikakarika
Sankara’s Commentary on first Four Sutra
Ishvara Krishna- Samkhya karika
Carvaka- Lokayata,
Jaina- Pancastikayasara
Early Buddhism
The Nyaya Theory of Knowledge
Vaisesika Sutra
The First and Last Freedom
Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought
New Perspectives in Indian Philosophy Chapters
Paper IV Elective (Western Philosophical Studies)
Kant- Critique of Pure Reason,
Wittgenstein- Philosophical Investigations
A Treatise of Human Nature Book
Logical Atomism
Some Main Problems of Philosophy
How To Do Things With Words
Concept of Mind
‘Freedom and Resentment’ and Other Essays
Being and Nothingness
Being and Time
Paper V (Mandatory)
Thesis presentation
Comprehensive Viva Voce

PhD Philosophy: A comparison between Institutes

PhD programs in philosophy are offered at IIT Kanpur and JNU, among other top universities. In the table below, we’ve done a detailed comparison of both.

Basis of ComparisonIndian Institute of Technology KanpurJawaharlal Nehru University Delhi
HighlightNIRF has ranked the institute 5th, and it offers UG, PG, integrated, and research programs in Engineering, Science, Management, and Design.It is ranked second in NIRF and also has received the President of India’s Best University Award. The university offers a variety of undergraduate, graduate, and research degree programs.
Ranking by NIRF68
Eligibility CriteriaMaster’s degree in Science, Arts or Engineering with 55% marksMaster’s Degree in a related field from a recognized university.
Process of AdmissionEntrance BasedEntrance Based
Average Fee
INR 64,050INR 1,381
Average Salary
Per Annum
Top Hires Zomato, Yahoo, Flipkart, Microsoft, Accenture, Bharat Petroleum, Uber, Myntra, IBM, Barclays, Yes Bank, Bosch, Ford, TCS, Early Salary, ITC Limited, Mahindra Finance, Deloitte, KPIT, Capital One, Star labs, EXL, etc. Microsoft, Google, Oracle, Adobe, IBM, NIIT, Newgen, Wipro, HCL, Sopra, Aricent, Accenture,Cadence, Comverse, Amazon, Genpact, Naggaro, Oracle, Sapient, Siemens, etc

PhD Philosophy: Important Book Recommendations

A few of the PhD philosophy books that could really help aspirants develop a broad and good understanding of the course are listed below.

Book NameAuthor’s Name
Educational Ideas of Tagore and GandhiMani R S
A Guide through the subjectC. Grayling
Perspective on Philosophy of Science in NursingCarol Polifroni
Analytic PhilosophyP. Martinich
Fundamentals of Philosophy- Philosophy of ScienceAlexander Bird
Introduction to Philosophical LogicAnthony C.Grayling

PhD Philosophy and M.Phil Philosophy: Key Differences

A comparison of PhD philosophy vs. M.Phil philosophy can be found in the table below.

Basis of ComparisonPHD PhilosophyM.Phil Philosophy
HighlightIt focuses on the development and research of thesis in areas including Western Philosophy, Modern Philosophy, Indian Philosophical Studies, and other related areas, as well as ensuring the safe and well-resourced completion of projects and thesis development from research.M.Phil. Philosophy is a post-grad academic research degree in Philosophy that tends to focus on Philosophical Foundations, Analysis,Human Science, and advanced research findings, among other things.
Duration of Course3 Years to 6 Years2 Years
Eligibility CriteriaMaster’s Degree in Arts, Literature, or Philosophy.Master’s Degree from a recognized university/board.
Admission ProcessEntrance exam based followed by a round of Personal InterviewEntrance-Based.
Average Fees
INR 50,000 – 5 LPAINR 20,000- 1 LPA
Top Institutes Jadavpur University, Chandigarh University, IIT Kanpur, IIT BHU, Jawaharlal Nehru University, IIT Gandhinagar, etc.Chandigarh University, Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jadavpur University, Mumbai University, University of Kolkata, etc
Average Salary
Per Annum
INR 10 – 20 LP AINR 6 – 12 LPA
Job ProfilesAssistant Professor, Head of the educational department, Philosophical/ Literature Researcher, Senior Market Analyst,Senior Research and Development Manager, Data Analyst, Political Advisor, etcTeacher, Assistant Professor, Consultant, Human Services Worker, Scientist, Lecturer, Social Service Workers, Speaker, Research Assistant, Quality Control Expert, Editor, etc

PhD Philosophy: Average Estimated Pay

The salary for a PhD in Philosophy varies depending on the Individual’s knowledge and skills. The company and position you work for are also factors that influence the average salary package. The average salary for a Ph.D. Philosophy program varies from INR 4L to 7 LPA.

PhD Philosophy: Important Employment Areas

Because of the knowledge and experience gained over the years of study, PhD Philosophy graduate students have a wide range of career opportunities and higher-paying jobs. Graduates of a PhD philosophy program can work in a variety of fields after graduation.

The most common PhD philosophy job profiles pursued by graduates are senior scientist and philosophy professor. PhD Philosophy graduates have job opportunities in both the private and public sectors. Mathworks, Archaeological Survey of India, IIT Patna, Nalanda University, Election Commission of India, FLAME University, BBC, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, CNN, and others are among the top recruiters. These top companies employ these professionals and pay them an average of INR 10-2 per hour.

  • Coaching Centers
  • Editorial and Publishing Houses
  • Counselling Psychologist
  • Philosophical Counselling/Philosophical Practice
  • Mediation Centers
  • Public Relations Specialist
  • Chief Executive Officer
  • Public Relations and Journalism

The following are some of the more serious job roles associated with the program, along with their average salaries:

Role of JobResponsibilities of JobAverage Salary
Per Annum
Assistant ProfessorThey create curriculum plans for students ’ learning, lead class discussions to keep students engaged, offer academic counseling, keep track of student records, and grade student work.15 LPA
Literature ResearcherConducting review of literature, collecting and analyzing data, and preparing reports for submission are among their primary responsibilities.8 LPA
Human Service WorkerIn fields such as psychology, social and human service assistants/workers provide client services, rehabilitation, and social work, including support for families. They provide support to other social workers and assist clients in obtaining benefits or services.6 LPA
Novelist/WriterThe main task is to generate ideas and write them down in a fresh and engaging manner, attempting to make philosophical content quite comprehensible and interacting to the viewers.9 LPA
Journalist/EditorJournalists gather information, write, edit, proofread, and file news stories, articles and features, for broadcast on television, radio, and the internet, as well as magazines, journals, and newspapers.12 LPA
CriticTo assess and rate work in relation to the body of work in front of them. Movies, books, magazines, and other works are examples.7 LPA

PhD Philosophy: NIRF Ranking of Institutes

Ranking by NIRFInstituteAdmission ProcedureAverage Fees
Average Salary Per Annum
6Indian Institute of Technology, KanpurEntrance Based64,05022 LPA 
8Jawaharlal Nehru UniversityEntrance Based1,38116 LPA
12Jadavpur UniversityEntrance Based30,00010 LPA
23Indian Institute of Technology, IndoreEntrance Based70,90020 LPA
26Indian Institute of Technology BHUEntrance Based46,81514.75 LPA

PhD Philosophy: Scope and Benefits

Some of the advantages of pursuing a PhD in Philosophy are as follows:

  • Top Skills Learned: Verbal and written communication; conducting in-depth research; problem-solving; clear and disciplined thinking and analysis; formulation of the problem; data collection, processing, and analysis are some of the core skills that a student will learn while pursuing the course.
  • Job Opportunities Abound
  • A career in this field is one of the most popular choices among Indian students. Senior Research and Development Manager, Head of the Educational Department, Philosophical/Literary Researcher, Assistant Professor, Political Advisor, and other positions are available in both the public and private sectors.
  • Students with a PhD in Philosophy can work in a variety of fields, including research, education, literature, law, banking, the civil service, business analysis, public relations, or politics. publishing, human resources, communications, and advertising, to name a few.
  • Students will be taught how to conduct research-based studies as well as enhance philosophical and religious studies in the field of philosophy. They will learn about its applications, giving them a more in-depth understanding of research-oriented thesis development as well as an in-depth study of the specialization fields of philosophy and their implementations in everyday life.
  • A PhD in philosophy graduate is obligated to a higher salary as a result of the knowledge gained while conducting research. They are entitled to a starting salary of 10 – 20 LPA, which raises with seniority and on-the-job experience.


Is it worthwhile to pursue a PhD in philosophy?

PhD Philosophy graduates will be well-positioned to obtain high-paying research as well as analyst jobs with an average annual income of INR 10 – 20 LPA.

What does a PhD Philosophy entail?

The PhD Philosophy program offers advanced theosophical and research-based education with the goal of providing students with a wide  professional background in philosophy. Students would be studying a broad range of topics based on present research at the Philosophy Department.

What are some of the PhD Philosophy positions available?

You have a wide range of career options, including Senior Research and Development Manager, Assistant Professor, Head of Educational Department, Philosophical/ Literature Researcher, Political Advisor, and so on.

What will I be studying as part of my PhD Philosophy program?

Research Methodology, Theory of Knowledge, Advanced Course in Philosophy of Science, Philosophical Statistics, Literature Survey, Data Collection and Organization, Advanced Course in Logic, Principles of Thesis Preparation, and other subjects will be covered.

Is pursuing a PhD in Philosophy difficult?

PhD is the answer. Students in philosophy classes face a significant challenge in conducting extensive research and developing a well-structured thesis. Graduates with strong motivation and determination, on the other hand, have a good chance of graduating from this course.

What is a typical fee and salary for a PhD Philosophy graduate?

The average course fee for a full-time PhD Philosophy program is INR 50,000 to 5 lakhs, with an average annual salary of INR 10 to 20 lakhs.

What am I able to do with a PhD in Philosophy?

Candidates who complete the PhD Philosophy program can pursue a variety of careers. Students who earn a PhD in Philosophy would be able to pursue careers in research, academia, literature, and analysis, among other fields. The scope of this field is constantly expanding at a rapid rate, and it will continue to do so in the future. A PhD Philosophy graduate could work in a wide range of fields, both in the private and public sectors.

What is the scope of a PhD in Philosophy?

The PhD Philosophy course introduces students to the foundations of philosophy. Candidates are advised to choose from notable chosen profession job opportunities such as Senior Research Scientist, Assistant Professor, Head of the educational department, Senior Research and Development Manager,Philosophical/ Literature Researcher, etc. after obtaining a degree in the course.

What is the procedure for applying to a PhD program in philosophy?

Entrance exams such as the CSIR/UGC-JRF, CSIR/UGC, JEST/GATE, and others are used to determine admission to the PhD Philosophy program. Personal interviews will be used to narrow down the qualified candidates.

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