LLD, or Doctor of Law, is a doctoral degree programme in the subject of law that lasts 3 to 5 years and is taken by students who have completed an LLM or Ph.D. degree from a recognized university and have adequate relevant professional experience. The average course cost is between INR 5,000 and INR 5,00,000.
Students must have earned their LLM/Ph.D. in law from a recognized university in order to enroll in this programme. Aside from these requirements, some universities need candidates to have prior education or educational qualifications in order to enroll in an L.L.D programme. The highest possible level of a law degree, the L.L.D., assists individuals in gaining experience in this discipline.
This degree’s examinations are held in semesters. These courses are open to students who have completed a master’s degree in law. Different institutions use a variety of techniques to choose students for their individual law colleges, including LLM merit, entrance examinations, and, in some cases, interviews. Based on the area and reputation of the individual law institutions, the typical course price ranges from Rs. 5000 to Rs. 5 lakhs.
|Course Name||Doctor of Law|
|Course Level||Doctoral Course|
|Eligibility||Must have qualified Ph.D. along with sufficient work experience in relevant field|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exams followed by Personal Interviews|
|Course Fees (INR)||12,500 – 5,00,000|
|Average Starting Salary (INR)||20 – 25 LPA|
|Top Recruitment Areas||Corporate Firms, Law Institutions, Legal Consultancy, Law Enforcement Agency etc.|
The following are the minimum qualifying criteria that must be met in order to be admitted to the course.
|Ph.D. (physics)||Ph.D. (mathematics)||Ph.D. (biotechnology)|
|Ph.D. (zoology)||Ph.D. (botany)||Ph.D. (chemistry)|
Entrance exams and individual interviews are used to determine admission to top universities that offer LLD programmes. When an applicant qualifies and achieves the requisite average requirement on the entrance exam, they advance to the personal interview stage, which is the last stage.
After the report is submitted, the final individuals are picked depending on their performance throughout the process.
Following the completion of the first two phases, candidates must submit a 10- to the 12-page research project. The title, a statement of purpose, background information on the issue, hypothesis and technique, as well as a research design, must all be included in the proposed study. The components of an interdisciplinary research project should have an impact on legal theory, review, and reform.
The entrance examination is the first step in the application procedure for an LLD degree. Only those who achieve the minimum passing mark on the admission exam advance. The popular law institutes in India that provide a Doctor of Laws degree, together with the necessary entrance examination, are listed below.
The LLD is a three-year doctoral degree in the field of law. For your convenience, the following points will expound on the LLD courses.
Many admission tests for law school after a master’s degree are held at the state or university level. These tests assist institutions in identifying the most qualified candidates for a doctorate degree in law. Individuals are only admitted to premier colleges after passing the admissions test for a PhD degree. For your convenience, we’ve listed some law school entrance examinations below.
|All India Bar Exam (AIBE)||UPES Law Studies Admission Test (ULSAT)|
|TS PG Law Common Entrance Test (TS PGLCET)||TS Law Common Entrance Test (TS LAWCET)|
|Rajasthan University Law Entrance Test(RULET)||Mumbai University Common Law Entrance Test (MUCLET)|
|Jammu University LLM Entrance Test||Indian Law Institute Common Admission Test|
|NEF Law Entrance Test||MH Law CET|
|Galgotias University Law Entrance Test(GU-LSAT)||Maharishi Arvind University Law Entrance Test|
|Lloyd Law Entrance Test (LET)||LSAT India|
|CNLU LLM Entrance Exam||CEE Kerala LLB|
|Delhi University – LLB | LLM||Geeta Institute of Law G-LAT|
|HPNLET Exam||ICFAI Law Entrance Test|
|Indian Law Institute ILICAT||AMU Law Entrance Exam|
|All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)||CEE Kerala LLM|
|AP PG Law Common Entrance Test (AP PGLCET)||AP Law Common Entrance Test (AP LAWCET)|
|Army Institute of Law Entrance Test (AIL LET)||Calcutta University BA LLB Entrance Exam|
|Christ University Law Entrance Test||Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT)|
Candidates have a wide range of specializations to choose from in the law courses provided by top-ranked academic institutions. The following are among the field of knowledge:
Civil Law: Civil law is the component of a country’s legal system that deals with residents’ private matters, such as weddings and land ownership, rather than criminal offenses.
Criminal Law: The field of law that deals with a crime are known as criminal law. Criminal law is concerned with conduct that is or could be interpreted as a crime against the public, society, or state.
Corporate Law: Corporate law, which is connected to business and contract law, deals with the establishment and functioning of corporations. A corporate lawyer’s job is to guarantee that commercial transactions are legitimate and to advise companies on their legal rights and responsibilities.
Taxation Law: The legal rules and regulations that regulate how the national, state and municipal authorities compute the tax that people owe are known as tax laws. Income, corporate, excise, luxury, estate, and property taxes are all covered by the statutes. The practice of a state gathering money from its citizens to pay for services is known as taxation.
Labor Law: Labor law specifies duties and rights in the workplace, specifically the employer’s obligations, and the employee’s rights.
International Law: The system of norms, agreements, and treaties that bind countries together is known as international law. International law is created when sovereign governments enter into legally enforceable commitments. International laws help to foster peace, justice, shared interests, and commerce, and they apply to governments.
A doctor of law, or L.L.D, is a specialized law degree that takes three years to complete. The L.L.D. curriculum varies from institution to college. Some of the most popular topics covered in law school are listed below.
|Research Methodology||Law of Torts||Public International Law|
|Options for areas of Specialisation||Law of Contracts: General Principles||Law of Crimes: General principles|
|IPR||Business Law||Human Rights|
|Environmental Law||Family Law||Cyber Law|
|Judicial Activism||Rights and Duties||Nature and Source of Law|
|Social Justice||Write Jurisdiction||Importance of interdisciplinary approach|
|Judicial Process and Social Transformation||Amendment to the Constitution of India||Concepts of Possession and Ownership|
|Union State Legislative Relations||Fundamental Rights and Duties||Directive Principles of State Policy|
|Law Reform Research||Need for Legal Research||Legal Research as a profession in India|
|Types of Research||Research Methodology||Significance of Legal Research in India|
|Relevance of Legal||Research Constitutional Law||Jurisprudence|
In India, there are around 500 institutions and universities that offer law studies. LLB, BA LLB, BBA LLB, B.Sc LLB, LLM, and other premier programmes are given by these colleges. Likewise, some of the best universities/schools in India that offer LLD degrees are listed below for your convenience.
|Name of the Colleges||Location||Average Fees (INR)|
|National Law School of India University||Bangalore||1, 75,000|
|National Law University||New Delhi||1,15,000|
|The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences||Kolkata||67,000|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi||3,900|
|National Law University||Jodhpur||65,000|
|Mansarovar Global University||Sehore||1,50,000|
Students with an L.L.D degree have a wide range of job opportunities to select from after graduation. Following the finishing of their L.L.D degree, individuals can pursue academic careers or pursue careers in the industry. Following are some examples of prominent career profiles that people can pursue after earning their L.L.D:
Lawyers: Students might choose to become lawyers in their area of knowledge after finishing an L.L.D degree. A lawyer is a practitioner who is qualified to provide legal advice or to represent somebody in court.
Judge: A judge is a person who, either alone or as part of a committee of judges, supervises over court proceedings. Judges’ powers, roles, methods of appointment, punishment, and training vary greatly between jurisdictions around the world. Individuals who have completed an L.L.D degree can pursue a career as a judge.
Legal Advisors: After studying law, students can even work as legal advisors. They advise clients on their legal rights and responsibilities. They primarily conduct research into the laws that apply to a certain issue and then review past decisions in similar situations.
Law is a prominent career option in India, and it is unquestionably one of the noblest professions with a diverse range of work prospects. A well-paid legal job is available not only in the courts but also in numerous major corporations, law firms, judicial and administrative organizations. Students who successfully complete law studies have options to work in both governmental and private organizations. Following the fulfillment of their L.L.D degree, students can pursue academic careers or pursue careers in the industry.
Following is a list of some of the occupations that applicants can pursue after completing law school:
|Legal Executives||Notary Public|
|Oath Commissioners||Law Professor|
The LLD degree takes three years to accomplish.
A doctor of law, or L.L.D, is a professional law degree that takes three years to complete. Students can finish this programme in six years or less, and L.L.D programmes incorporate coursework. Students must have earned their LLM/Ph.D. in law from an accredited university in order to enroll in this programme.
A doctor of law’s average income varies depending on the organization. Depending on experience in the field, the pay ranges from four to twenty lakhs per annum.
Some of the best universities for obtaining this degree include the National Law School of India University, National Law University, Banaras Hindu University, Chanakya National Law University, and others.
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