GNM Course - Full Form, Eligibility, Admission, Top Colleges, Career

General Nursing and Midwifery is a three-and-a-half-year nursing diploma program. Students who want to pursue a GNM diploma can do so after passing the Science stream of the class 12 exam. The three-and-a-half-year program includes a six-month internship requirement. Students who have completed class 12 are eligible to apply for the GNM Nursing program. Students who had biology as a main subjects in  grades 11 and 12 are given special consideration.

The details of the General Nursing and Midwifery course are geared toward providing skills and knowledge in patient care and clinical treatment.

The GNM diploma course is one of the types of courses that can be used as a stepping stone toward a career in nursing. GNM diploma holders can begin their careers working in government or private hospitals and clinics.

Pharmaceutical, technical, and research labs are among the top GNM nursing job areas in India.The average GNM Nursing salary is between INR 2-4 lakhs per year. Students with a GNM Nursing degree have the option of entering the workforce or pursuing a Master’s degree or a PhD.

GNM Course: An Overview

The following are some of the most important aspects of the GNM program:

Level of CourseDiploma
Name of the CourseGeneral Nursing and Midwifery
Also referred asGNM
Duration of Course3.5 Years
Type of Examination Semester System/ Year-wise
Eligibility Criteria10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with science subjects
Process of Admission Merit-Based/ Entrance Exam
Fee for the CourseINR 30,000 to INR 2.5 Lacs
Top Areas of EmploymentNursing Homes, Hospitals, Universities, etc
Roles of JobLegal Nurse Consultant, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Forensic Nursing etc.

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GNM Nursing Eligibility

The following are the main requirements for enrolling in a GNM nursing program in India:

  • Students must have completed their 12th grade in any subject, with a preference for Science and Biology subjects.
  • Candidates must also have received at least 50% in their 12th grade exam. Some of the best medical schools in the country require 60 percent in GNM nursing courses.
  • They must also have obtained at least the required number of marks on their GNM Nursing Entrance Exam.

GNM Nursing Syllabus



        Year 1

Biological Sciences

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Microbiology

Behavioral Sciences

Fundamentals of Nursing

  • Fundamentals of Nursing
  • First Aid
  • Personal Hygiene

Community Health Nursing

  • Community Health Nursing
  • Environmental Hygiene
  • Health Education & Communication Skill
  • Nutrition


         Year 2

Medical-Surgical Nursing I

  • Introduction
  • Nursing Assessment
  • Patho-physiological Mechanism of Disease
  • Altered Immune Response
  • Clinical Pharmacology

Communicable Diseases

  • Assessment
  • Review of infection, how it spreads and its control
  • Reparation, care and administration of antisera and vaccines
  • Isolation- review of epidemiology and control measures
  • Management of various infectious diseases

Ear, Nose and Throat

  • Assessment of the functions of the ear, nose, and throat.
  • Disorders and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat
  • Management of conditions and diseases of ear, nose, and throat


  • Nursing Management of Patients with abnormal cell growth
  • Classification of cancer
  • Detection and prevention

Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing

  • Introduction
  • History of Psychiatric
  • Mental Health Assessment
  • Community Mental Health
  • Psychiatric Nursing Management
  • Mental Disorders

Community Health Nursing

Computer Education

  • Introduction to computers and disk operating systems
  • Introduction to word processing
  • Introduction to database
  • Graphics and use of Statistical packages
  • Computer-aided teaching and testing

         Year 3

Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing

  • Introduction
  • Reproductive System
  • Nursing Management of pregnant women
  • Nursing Management of women in Labor
  • Complications of pregnancy and its management

Community Health Nursing – II

  • Health System in India
  • Healthcare services in India
  • Health planning in India
  • Specialized Community health services
  • Vital health statistics

Pediatric Nursing

  • The concept in child healthcare
  • The Newborn
  • The Healthy child
  • Children with various disorders and diseases
  • Welfare of children

   Internship Program 

  • Educational Method & Media For teaching in the practice of Nursing
  • Introduction to Research
  • Professional Trends & Adjustment
  • Administration and Ward Management
  • Health Economics

GNM Admission Procedure

  • The GNM Nursing admissions process is heavily reliant on the results of the Class 12 Board Exams.
  • Direct admission and entrance exams are both used in the GNM Nursing Admissions process.
  • Students are admitted to government colleges through entrance exams administered by State Level Entrance Exams.
  • Each state has its own entrance exams, and some colleges, such as BHU, have their own GNM Nursing entrance exams.

Different Types of GNM Programs

In India, the three most common versions of GNM are Basic, Post Basic, and Distance GNM.

Basic GNM Programs:

  • The most common type of GNM is the basic GNM. It is a bachelor’s degree program that prepares students to acquire nursing knowledge and skills in order to provide comprehensive nursing care to patients suffering from a variety of disorders.
  • The program is intended to produce general nurses who can effectively work as members of a health team in a wide range of hospitals and other settings.
  • To be eligible for the three-year degree, candidates must pass class 12 examinations in a science based stream with a minimum of 40% aggregate marks.
  • Candidates must be between the ages of 17 and 35 to be considered. Furthermore, each student must be in good health.

Post-basic GNM Programs:

  • Candidates in the post-basic GNM or post-basic B.Sc. Nursing programs gain advanced knowledge. This knowledge is imparted in the classroom, on educational trips, and in clinical lessons.
  • GNM with advanced features has a lot of potential. Candidates can work in a variety of settings, including nursing schools, clinics, and public health centers.
  • This course is offered in two versions: a basic version that lasts three years and a regular version that lasts two years.

Distance GNM Programs:

Remote learning options for GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery) are limited because it is a highly technical profession. Students should be wary of universities that offer GNM through distance education.

GNM Course: Suitable Candidates

  • GNM  Courses are available to students who want to pursue a career in nursing or medicine.
  • GNM promises a respectable career with noble goals.
  • Individuals with a passion for medicine, particularly nursing, should consider enrolling in a GNM Course.
  • Students who want to use their future to help others should take this course.
  • This course is for passionate and socially responsible individuals who are genuine to themselves and want to try their hand in a variety of fields.

GNM Course: Top Institutes

Institute NameAverage Annual Fees
Christian Medical College (CMC), VelloreINR 70,000
Christian Medical College (CMC), LudhianaINR 2,40,000
Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPGMER), KolkataINR 45,000
KIIT BhubaneswarINR 30,000
Government Medical College, KozhikodeINR 15,000
Government Medical College and Hospital, ChandigarhINR 1,20,000
TD Medical College, AlappuzhaINR 1,80,000
Maharajah’s Institute of Medical Sciences, VizianagaramINR 51,000
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, FaridkotINR 60,000
RR Nursing InstitutionsINR 5,70,000
St. John’s Medical College, BangaloreINR 16,00,000
Bankura Sammilani Medical College, BankuraINR 1,00,000
SRM Kanchipuram, ChennaiINR 1,10,000
IRT Perundurai Medical College, PerunduraiINR 50,000

Important Skills Required

Graduates of the GNM program are registered as RNRMs (Registered Nurse Registered Midwife) and are designated as nurses.

  • Nursing entails interacting with patients and assisting doctors in the delivery of care. When dealing with a variety of patients, the nurse should be patient and compassionate.
  • Aside from that, the Nurse should have a track record of working with doctors, patients, and hospital administration, as well as compassion and excellent communication skills.
  • A nurse should be able to communicate in both medical and layman’s terms with doctors as well as patients.
  • A nurse must also have strong organisational and management skills because they are in charge of keeping track of patients’ records.

GNM Entrance Exams in Different States

Name of the ExaminationConducting Authority
Andhra Pradesh GNM ExamDirectorate of Medical Education
Assam State GNM ExamSRM Institute of Science and Technology
Bihar GNM ExamAmbedkar Institute of  Higher Education
Gujarat State GNM ExamGujarat Nursing Council
Himachal GNM ExamDirectorate of Medical Education and Research
Jharkhand GNM ExamJharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board
Karnataka GNM ExamState Diploma in Nursing Examination Board
Kerala GNM ExamDirectorate of Medicine Education
Madhya Pradesh GNM ExamMadhya Pradesh Nurses Registration Council
Maharashtra GNM ExamState Nursing Council
Meghalaya GNM ExamDepartment of Health and Family Welfare
Mizoram GNM ExamMizoram College of Nursing
Odisha GNM ExamDirectorate of Nursing
Rajasthan GNM ExamDirectorate of Medical and Health Services
Tamil Nadu GNM ExamHealth and Family Welfare Department
Uttar Pradesh GNM ExamUniversity of Medical Science
West Bengal GNM ExamHealth Department

GNM Course: Top Foreign Institutes

Students who complete the GNM Nursing Course are eligible to pursue further education in nursing and midwifery. This will ensure a higher salary and a successful career in the future. Completing a nursing degree is an important step because it provides a wealth of nursing knowledge.

Students can choose from a variety of specializations in Nursing and Midwifery, depending on their interests and the subjects available.

Nursing Rank by QSInstitute NameLocationAverage Fees
1University of PennsylvaniaUnited States40,62,000
2King’s College LondonUnited Kingdom24,55,000
3John Hopkins UniversityUnited States45,55,000
4University of WashingtonUnited States26,32,411
5University of SouthamptonUnited Kingdom20,00,000
6Yale UniversityUnited States41,52,070
7University of Technology SydneyAustralia19,65,400
8University of ManchesterUnited Kingdom23,35,000
9University of TorontoCanada30,00,000
10University of North Carolina, Chapel HillUnited States27,68,000

GNM Course: Top Job Profiles

Profile of Job Description of JobAverage Salary
Per Annum
Clinical/Hospital NurseClinical Nurse Specialists are employed in doctor’s offices, hospitals, clinics, medical centers, and other healthcare facilities. They are usually experts in a specific field, such as Diabetology, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Cardiovascular Medicine, or Public Policy.Rs 4,50,553
Legal Consulting NurseRegistered nurses who work as Legal Nurse Consultants provide medical data to legal entities, research organisations, and experts in medicine-related cases. The information will be used for things like providing care, surveying medical records, and preparing reports and summaries about wounds and illnesses.Rs 5,30,989
TeachersAt the post-secondary level, teachers impart knowledge to students on a diverse range of subjects. They publish scholarly articles, conduct research, and teach in the field.RS 9,13,657
Forensic NurseAssault, child and elder abuse, domestic abuse, neglect, and sexual crimes are all cases that forensic nurses are responsible for caring for. Forensic Nurses are in charge of gathering and protecting evidence in cases of conflict and reported crimes, in addition to treating casualties and emergencies.Rs 4,94,720
Home NurseA Home Nurse is a healthcare professional who is constantly caring for the sick or home-bound, as well as assisting medical offices with staffing shortages. Some Home Nurses work in hospitals, schools, and clinics and commute between them.Rs 2,37,186

Some top hiring firms are:

The following is a list of top recruiters in India who hire GNM diploma holders:

  • Community Health Centers
  • Indian Nursing Council and various State Nursing Councils
  • Global Hospitals
  • Apollo Hospitals Enterprise
  • Manipal Hospital
  • Medanta Medicity
  • Columbia Asia Hospital
  • Fortis Healthcare
  • The Indian Red Cross Society
  • Max Hospital
  • Wockhardt Hospitals

GNM Course: Benefits and Scope

  • Nursing programs such as GNM Nursing play an important role in the healthcare industry, especially in these difficult times. Students can use clinical methodologies to help patients with their needs as a result of their vocational training.
  • The job entails administering to patients and assisting doctors in providing care to the general public.
  • A GNM Nursing course’s curriculum is specifically designed to prepare students to work as full-fledged nurses. Candidates receive a mix of theoretical and practical training, which aids in the acquisition of basic skills.
  • GNM diploma holders can continue their education by pursuing higher education in addition to working in any hospital or organisation. Graduates of the ANM and GNM programs will be eligible to enroll in the B.Sc. Nursing and B.Sc. (Post-Basic) Nursing programs.

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What is the procedure for someone who wants to pursue an M.B.B.S after completing the GNM Nursing program?

Many colleges offer GNM Nursing students the opportunity to enroll in an M.B.B.S program. Students can do so by taking the NEET exam and then applying for admission using the standard procedure. In India, some medical colleges set aside M.B.B.S seats for GNM Nursing candidates.

What’s the difference between a B.Sc. Nursing program and a GNM Nursing program? Which one has a wider range of applications?

The GNM Nursing program focuses on providing students with clinical nursing training and guiding them in providing first aid and assistance to patients and doctors. A bachelor’s degree in nursing (is a four-year program that prepares students for careers that go beyond first aid and assisting. Students with a bachelor’s degree in nursing may be assigned tasks such as briefing patients, coordinating hospital wards, and assisting doctors during major operations.

Is it possible for Arts students to enroll in a GNM course?

Art students are welcome to enroll in a GNM program. On the other hand, many top GNM colleges in India prefer Science students who also studied Biology in Class 12.

Is it possible for me to take a GNM distance learning course in India?

The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) in New Delhi is a well-known university in India that offers GNM distance learning courses.

What are the most popular specializations in the GNM program?

Critical Care technology, Surgery, Nursing,Alternate Medicine, Nursing and Midwifery are some of the most popular specializations in General Nursing and Midwifery.

What is the best course of action after GNM?

Many students who complete their GNM Nursing program go on to work in the nursing field. Higher education options such as B.Sc. Nursing, M.Sc. Nursing, and B.Sc. Nursing (Post Basic) are available for those who are not satisfied. GNM students can also enroll in an M.B.B.S program.

Which colleges in Delhi offer the best GNM programs?

IPMT New Delhi and Jamia Hamdard University are two of the best GNM colleges in Delhi.

Which colleges in Uttar Pradesh offer the best GNM programs?

SHUATS Allahabad, HLM Group of Institutions, Ghaziabad, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, and Sharda University, Greater Noida are among the best GNM colleges in Uttar Pradesh (UP).

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