JEE Main Physics Syllabus And Books

JEE Main Physics Syllabus: According to NTA guidelines, the 40:60 topic split between topics from Classes XI and XII makes up the Physics section of the JEE Main syllabus. The physics section of the exam, which accounts for 100 total marks, becomes even more difficult when two topics are combined into a single question, as is frequently the case in JEE Main physics questions.

One must work tirelessly to pass the exam and gain admission to one of the 23 IITs, 31 NITs, IIEST Shibpur, 26 IIITs, or 29 Other GFTIs. In this article, we’ve attempted to cover a variety of JEE Main Physics Syllabus topics, including the topics covered, chapter-by-chapter weighting, study notes, video lectures, reference materials, difficulty level analysis, and tips for answering questions.

JEE Main Physics Syllabus: Unit-wise Syllabus by NTA

The section can be divided into two parts: Part A, which is the theoretical portion and weighs in at 80%, and Part B, which is the practical portion and weighs in at 20%.

Section A – Theory 
Topic Sub-topics
Physics and Measurement Physics, technology and society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Electronic Devices Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Kinematics Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane. Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davis son-Germer experiment.
Work, Energy, and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power. Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.
Gravitation The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.
Electrostatics Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, the reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
Current Electricity Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoffs laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.
Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer.
Properties of Solids and Liquids Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.
Optics Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroids.
Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.
Atoms and Nuclei Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
Laws of Motion Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
Communication System Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).
Section B – Practical
Unit 21: Experimental Skills 
The resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
Screw gauge: its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
Simple Pendulum: dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.
Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
The coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
The focal length of a Convex mirror, Concave mirror, and Convex lens using the parallax method.
The speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
Potentiometer: Comparison of emf of two primary cells and Determination of the internal resistance of a cell.
The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a meter bridge.
Vernier callipers: their use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
The specific heat capacity of a given: Solid, and liquid by method of mixtures.
The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
The surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
Metre Scale: the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.
Using the multimeter to: (i) Identify the base of a transistor (ii) Distinguish between NPN and PNP type transistor (iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED (iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

Chapter-wise Weightage of JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2022

Based on trends from the previous year, this table shows the chapter-by-chapter weighting for the JEE Main Physics Syllabus.

Topics Weightage No of Questions
Electrostatics 3.33% 1
Communication System 3.33% 1
Current Electricity 10.00% 3
Electromagnetic Waves 3.33% 1
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism 6.67% 2
Error 3.33% 1
KTG & Thermodynamics 6.67% 2
Elasticity 3.33% 1
Sound Waves 3.33% 1
Modern Physics 6.67% 2
Work Power Energy 3.33% 1
Centre Of Mass 6.67% 2
Laws of motion 3.33% 1
Work,Power and Energy 6.67% 1
Rotational Dynamics 6.67% 2
Kinematics 3.33% 1
NLM 3.33% 1
KInematics 3.33% 1
Wave Optics 6.67% 2
SHM 3.33% 1
Circular Motion 3.33% 1
Alternating Current 6.67% 2
Semiconductors 3.33% 1
Capacitor 3.33% 1
Total 100% 30

JEE Main Physics Syllabus: Study Notes and Video Lectures for Preparation 2022

Candidates must use clear, well-written study notes to prepare for JEE Main. Students with busy lives might miss some classes. To save you the trouble of collecting notes, we’ve put together PDFs of JEE Main notes that cover the physics curriculum.

On its website, NTA also has video lectures on physics that candidates can watch to prepare. Here are the steps to get to the video lectures:

  • Go to, which is the NTA website.
  • You will be taken to a page with the names of various subjects.
  • Click on the subject to pick the video lecture you want to watch.

Link to Video Lectures for JEE Main Physics

Maximizing Your Score in JEE Main Physics Section – Tips by IITians and Experts

It’s very important to not only know about the topics but also have a plan for how to deal with them. Candidates should know how well they know the different chapters. They should work on the ones they find hard and make sure to get a good score when a question comes up from a topic they know well.

For candidates’ help, we have some specific tips from IITians and subject experts on how to handle different topics. Candidates can take these into account when making their own plan:

Mechanics: Weightage and Tips

One of the most important parts of the JEE Main Exam is mechanics, which makes up about 35% of the JEE Main Physics Syllabus. So, learning about mechanics is an important part of your preparation.

  • Based on what has happened in the past, the following chapters have the most weight when it comes to the questions: After Kinematics, we learned about Rotational Motion, Waves, Units and Measurements, Oscillations, Work, Energy and Power, Gravity, Mechanics of Solids and Fluids, and the Laws of Motion. Dimensional and error analysis, equations of motion, relative motion, simple harmonic motion, Kepler’s laws, projectile and circular motion, satellites, mechanics of common forces, the potential energy of a spring, acceleration due to gravity, transverse and longitudinal waves-superposition, and reflection, a moment of inertia and dynamics of rotational motion are some important topics to study for the exam that is more likely to come up. The list is not, however, complete.
  • HC Verma Physics is thought to cover the basics, and DC Pandey gives you practice problems to work on. You could use the IE Irodov Book to practice answering more difficult questions. Solving questions from the past is a must if you want to know if your plan and resources are right.
  • For Preparation, you must make sure that your ideas are clear and your logic is consistent.
  • The answers to questions need to be found step by step. Even in your practice registers, make sure you don’t take shortcuts. The contextual method helps you improve your speed and accuracy.
  • If your planning makes you feel just a little bit comfortable, you can keep thinking about answers to hard problems and then try some problems for which you don’t have answers.
  • More so, your ability to think logically, reason analytically, and make good decisions would help you make a name for yourself. This makes sense to you because it connects what you’ve learned in theory to things you’ve seen in real life. Even if you are only able to start this process, it will get your mind going and help it grow. You shouldn’t worry about getting good at it. Time and stress management are also of the utmost importance.
  • To do well on an exam, you need to do self-analysis and make your own study plan by taking a lot of Mock Test Papers and sticking to a regular study schedule.

Optics and Modern Physics: Weightage and Tips

There are questions on the JEE Main Physics exam about everything from thermodynamics to electromagnetism. As important as these topics are, optics and modern physics are also a big part of the exam. If you only think about optics, you can expect 5–6 questions on the exam. If you think about both optics and light, you can expect 8–9 questions. That means that these subjects make up about 30%–33% of the JEE Main Physics Syllabus.

  • You can get started on your preparation by looking at the NCERT questions at the end of each chapter.
  • Based on what has happened in the past, studying these topics alone won’t be enough to get a good score on the JEE Main. Please keep that in mind. To get a good rank, you need at least 50% of the marks.
  • Some good reference books about these things are:
Arihant’s Understanding Physics for JEE Main and Advanced Optics and Modern Physics 
Understanding Physics: OPTICS & MODERN PHYSICS by DC Pandey
Cengage Physics for JEE (Advanced): Optics & Modern Physics by BM Sharma 
  • “Understanding Physics by DC Pandey helped me the most because the solutions were easier to understand,” says a former IIT student. HC Verma is, of course, one of the best books on optics and all other subjects as well. Don’t just use these books as your only source. Some answers might be hard to understand at first, but JEE Advanced says that this level might not be too high.
  • One way to pass the JEE is to write as many practice tests as you can. It tells you what the test is about and how much time you need to spend on each subject. The better your chances of getting into an IIT or any other school you want, the more mocks you write. Don’t skip over the basics, because being clear makes you feel more confident.

Difficulty Level Analysis for JEE Main Physics 2022

The difficulty level of the JEE Main Physics section changes from session to session. For candidates to understand, here is a basic breakdown of how many questions there were and how hard they were on the B.E./B. Tech paper of the previous JEE Main session:

Sections Tough Medium Easy
Mathematics 2 10 13
Chemistry 4 11 10
Physics 2 7 16

Even though, based on the above analysis, the physics section of the January B.E./B.Tech paper seems to be the easiest, candidates should keep in mind that the level of difficulty is a matter of opinion and that different candidates may see the question paper differently.

JEE Main Physics – Preparation and Question Attempting Tips

Physics is an important part of both JEE Main and JEE Advanced, and it can help some people move up in their scores. Candidates work at different levels of skill, so we’ve come up with some tips that can help all of them:

  • Make short notes of formulas and facts by subject: This is something you can do both when you’re getting ready and when you’re trying to figure out a problem. It may seem like a simple technique, but it’s very important for learning and remembering things.
  • 3 hours of physics per day: Make sure you study all three subjects, chemistry, physics, and math, in a balanced way. On average, 3 hours should be enough time for physics. Before making their schedule, candidates should think about their strong and weak areas.
  • Don’t jump to conclusions. As people try to answer the questions, candidates often jump to conclusions without thinking. If you find yourself making this mistake, try writing down the information in the question separately so you can solve problems based on facts.
  • Read the question at least twice. If you don’t understand it, don’t worry. Read the question again carefully. Usually, the information you need to find the answer is hidden in the statement.
  • The correct way to solve problems: When you take mock tests and practice papers, keep in mind that every question needs the right way to solve. For this method to work, you must first understand the question, then apply concepts, and finally, do the math.
  • Practice with old tests and practice tests: All the experts agree that practicing is the most important part of your preparation. Always practice and look at how you’re doing to see how well your plan is working.
  • Revise at Regular Intervals: Most people wait until they’ve learned everything on the syllabus before they start to review. But you need to review often to keep your understanding of the ideas fresh. This will also save you time during full rounds of studying.

Best Reference Books to Cover JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2022

During their preparation for the JEE Main Physics section, candidates are encouraged to consult the following books:

Publisher/ Author Books
HC Verma Concepts of Physics Vol I and II
Halliday, Resnick, and Walker Fundamentals of Physics
I.E. Irodov Problems in General Physics
SS Krotov Problems in Physics
R.P. Feynman Feynman Lectures on Physics
Arthur Beiser, Shobhit Mahajan, S. Rai Choudhury Concepts of Modern Physics
Arihant Publications Understanding Physics by D.C. Pandey: Set of books for: Electricity & MagnetismMechanics (Vol. 1 & 2)Optics & Modern PhysicsWaves & Thermodynamics
Advanced Level Physics: Examples and Exercises Nelkon, Michael, Parker, Philip

However, ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the material covered in your NCERT before moving on to the topics listed in the table above. Best wishes to you!


Is it possible to crack JEE Main in 3 months?

It is possible to pass JEE Main in three months if you plan well and use your time well. Since you don’t have as much time, it’s best not to sign up for coaching. Self-study is more effective. Pay attention to Chemistry. It is the easiest part of JEE Main and gives the most points. Join a series of tests and give tests often. Look at the mock tests and work on the areas where you did not do well. Solve previous year’s questions and model question papers.

Are NCERT books enough for the JEE Main?

The NCERT books cover almost every subject and are enough to pass the cutoff. But you can’t expect to get good grades if you only use NCERT books.
For JEE Main, you should study coaching modules, standard reference books, and NCERT, among other things. Also, take a lot of practice tests and question papers from years past.

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