PhD in Bioinformatics is a doctoral program in bioinformatics. The program could last anywhere from three to five years. This course provides students with research opportunities in the fields of computational biology and bioinformatics. Bioinformatics is defined as the science of gathering, restoring, and analyzing large amounts of biological data.
The program is one of the most competitive PhD training schemes to enter and is designed to provide PhD students with the best starting platform for a successful career in science. You must have a postgraduate degree in Biotechnology/Bioinformatics to be eligible for the PhD in Bioinformatics program. Candidates with a bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology or Bioinformatics who have extensive research experience may also be considered by some colleges.
Bioinformatics will teach you how to compare genetic data, analyse proteins and their interactions, design drugs using models and computational chemistry, and perform genomic analysis.
Students will be required to submit research papers on a variety of topics related to bioinformatics at the conclusion of the course. Students pursuing a PhD in bioinformatics have a variety of career options. Most of the candidates are hired for positions such as bioinformatics trainee, professor, technology manager, and so on. Students pursuing a PhD in bioinformatics may also look for work in the government sector. The average annual salary offered to candidates ranges from INR 3 lakh to INR 15 lakh.
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PhD Bioinformatics: An Overview
In the table below, some of the major highlights of the PhD in Bioinformatics program are listed.
|Level of Course||Doctorate|
|Also referred as||Doctorate of Philosophy in Bioinformatics|
|Duration of Course||3-5 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Postgraduate degree in Mathematics, Science, Biotechnology or Bioinformatics|
|Process of Admission||Direct Admission or on the basis of Entrance test.|
|Fee for the Course||INR 40,000 to INR 3,00,000|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 3 LPA – INR 15 LPA|
|Positions for Job||Bioinformatics Trainee, Medical Coder, Associate Research Scientists, Professor,Bioinformatics Analyst, Applications Scientist, Software Development Scientists, Clinical Bioinformatician,Domain Expert and many more.|
|Top Areas of Recruitment||Medical Research Centers, Agriculture Sector, Colleges & Universities,Pharmaceutical Industry, Research Centers, etc.|
|Top Employers||Reliance, Ocimumbio, Jubilant Biosys, Wipro,Tata Consultancy Services, IBM Life Sciences, Accelrys, BioMed Informatics|
PhD in Bioinformatics Eligibility
If students wish to participate in this course, they must meet a few eligibility requirements. Some of the most important eligibility criteria are listed below:
- A master’s degree in Science, Mathematics, Biotechnology, or Bioinformatics from a recognized university is required.
- Candidates must have received at least 50% of their post-graduation and graduation grades. Certain exemptions may be granted to SC/ST/OBC/PWD candidates.
- Candidates must pass the entrance exam and perform well in the personal interview if the college administers an admission test.
PhD in Bioinformatics Curriculum/Syllabus
Most universities’ PhD in Bioinformatics programs follow a similar curriculum. A few of the major topics and subtopics covered during the course are listed below.
|Course Topics||Related Subtopics|
|Basic Concepts of Computer||Concept of Computer Hardware, Software, and Computer Languages|
|Biostatistics||Measure of Central Tendency and Dispersion, Probability distribution, Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution, and Normal Distribution.|
|Quantitative Techniques||Regression and Correlation, Level of Significance, Use of Computers in Quantitative analysis|
|Scientific Writing||Definition and Kind of scientific documents, submission of manuscripts, oral and poster presentation of a research paper, ordering reprints|
|Techniques in Molecular Biology||Identification of DNA, RNA, and Plasmids|
|Research Techniques||Cell extraction techniques, Ultrafiltration, Paper Chromatography, etc|
|Genomics||Genes, Human Genome Project, Polymerase, Enzymes, Nuclease, etc.|
|Protein Databases||Protein sequence databases, different formats of databases, composite databases, etc.|
PhD in Bioinformatics Admission Procedure
- Candidates are admitted based on their entrance exam scores or their performance in their master’s degree program.
- A personal interview may be required in some cases.
- GATE, BINC (Bioinformatics National Certification Examination), and NET UGC are some of the most common entrance exams for PhD in Bioinformatics students.
- In the months of May or June, application forms for PhD programs are made available.
- Shortlisted candidates are either invited to apply for admission or must take the entrance exam.
- All information about the admissions process can be found on the respective universities’ official websites.
Based on Merit
- Step 1: Complete the application form: After you’ve decided on colleges, you’ll need to complete the application form. Before the deadline, the application forms must be submitted.
- Step 2: College Admissions: Candidates will be shortlisted based on their master’s degree course performance. The minimum grade requirement varies by college.
Based on Entrance
- Step 1: Complete the application form: The application form is the first step in the admissions process. After you’ve successfully submitted your application, you can move on to the next step in the admissions process.
- Step 2: Take the entrance exam. Most universities accept students based on their performance on the entrance exam. The college authorities determine the cut-off for the entrance exam.
- Step 3: Attend a personal interview (optional): Some colleges conduct personal interviews as well. Candidates will be shortlisted based on their interview performance.
- Step 4: College Admission: The final step in the admissions process is being accepted into a college. They must submit all the required documents and pay the admission fees in order to do so.
PhD in Bioinformatics: Institutes Ranked by NIRF
|Ranking by NIRF||Institute Name||Process of Admission||Average Fee|
|32||Amity University, Noida||Entrance test||INR 1,00,000||INR 4.5 LPA|
|43||International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad||Entrance test||INR 1,50,000||INR 21 LPA|
|65||Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal||Entrance test||INR 38,600||INR 6 LPA|
|80||Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore||Entrance test||INR 76,000||INR 4 LPA|
|84||Chandigarh University, Chandigarh||Entrance test||INR 85,000||INR 5.96 LPA|
PhD Bioinformatics: Important Entrance Exams
Some of the most common entrance exams for the PhD Bioinformatics program are listed below:
- The UGC NET Exam: For admission to various PhD institutes, the UGC National Eligibility Test (NET) is held in various parts of the country. The exam is conducted entirely online and lasts three hours.
- GATE: The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a test that is used to select candidates for graduate engineering programs. Candidates for the M.Tech and PhD degrees are subjected to the examination.
- The entrance examination for the post of Junior Research Fellowship is the UGC CSIR NET: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Eligibility Test. The test is administered in pen and paper format twice a year.
- The Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, conducts the BINC: Bioinformatics National Certification Examination for admission to various bioinformatics-related courses across the country. The test is divided into two sections.
- DTU PhD Entrance Exam: Every year, the Delhi Technical University Entrance Exam is held for applicants who wish to pursue a PhD in a variety of fields. A round of interviews may follow the examination.
PhD in Bioinformatics: Focus Areas
- Bioinformatics is a popular science and technology discipline.Bioinformatics is concerned with the proper storage of biological data in order for it to be retrieved as needed. Nucleic acids, protein sequences, genetic information, and other types of data fall into this category.
- Bioinformatics is a branch of science that combines mathematics, computer science, statistics, and engineering to help people better understand biological data. In biomedical research, the subject is extremely important.
- The course will teach students about various biological data sets and how to organize them in a systematic manner. Students will also have the opportunity to create their own bioinformatics tools for performing various tasks.
- To pursue a PhD in bioinformatics, candidates must have a strong understanding of computers and technology. They must also be able to think critically and communicate effectively.
PhD Bioinformatics: Important Documents Required
- passing/degree certificate of the last qualifying degree examination.
- Mark-list of the last qualifying degree examination
- A character certificate (from the head of the institute from which the student has obtained his qualifying degree)
- Gap certificate (if applicable)
- Research Proposal
- Migration Certificate (No objection certificate from the university last attended)
- Documentary proof of the date of birth
- No objection certificate from the employer (if employed)
Students should be aware that if the aforementioned certificates are not attached to their application, their application will not be taken into account for admission.
PhD Bioinformatics: Preparation Plan
You must be extremely well-prepared for your PhD in Bioinformatics entrance exam in order to achieve a high score. So, here are a few study tips that will help you ace your exam:
- Learn everything you can about the examination format and the question paper. If it’s a subjective test, make sure you read all of the chapters thoroughly. If the exam is M.C.Q-based, however, focus on the finer points.
- Examine the syllabus thoroughly. Make certain that no important chapters are omitted. Attempt to finish the entire syllabus at least one month before the exam date.
- Give greater weight to the sections of the exam where questions are asked frequently. Before the exam, go over those sections again thoroughly.
- Make a clear strategy and stick to it. Planning and scheduling are critical to achieving a high score on the examination.
- Sample papers and previous years’ question papers can be used to practice various types of questions.
- Always keep a notebook handy when you’re studying. This will ensure that you do not overlook any crucial information. By simply going over your notes before your examination, you can feel confident in yourself.
- Also, try to keep a positive attitude at all times. Keep a positive attitude and don’t overwork yourself. This will boost your concentration while also increasing your confidence.
- Having a high GPA or a high percentage in your post-secondary work will help you get into the college of your choice.
- Make sure you’re well-prepared for the entrance exam. This will ensure that you pass the cut-off and move on to the next stage of the application process.
- If your university conducts an interview, you must present yourself in the best possible light. Prepare yourself for any questions that may arise during the interview.
- The application form should be carefully completed. There should be no room for error. Also, make sure to submit the application form by the deadline.
- Keep an eye on the university’s official website for regular updates on the admissions process.
- Find out what others have to say about your college. Examine the scenario for placement. Take a look at the reviews and ratings. This will assist you in determining the level of education provided by your college.
PhD Bioinformatics: Top Institutes
A number of top Indian institutes offer PhD programs in bioinformatics. We’ve listed some of India’s most prestigious PhD in Bioinformatics colleges below:
|Ranking by NIRF||Institute Name||Place||Average Fee||Average |
|32||Amity University||Noida||INR 1,00,000||INR 4.5 LPA|
|43||International Institute of Information Technology||Hyderabad||INR 1,50,000||INR 21 LPA|
|65||Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology||Bhopal||INR 38,600||INR 6 LPA|
|80||Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences||Coimbatore||INR 76,000||INR 4 LPA|
|84||Chandigarh University||Chandigarh||INR 85,000||INR 5.96 LPA|
|87||Lovely Professional University||Jalandhar||INR 95,200||INR 3-5 LPA|
|103||International Institute of Information Technology||Allahabad||INR 71,700||INR 15.5 LPA|
|115||Jaypee University of Information Technology||Solan||INR 50,000||INR 3.25 LPA|
|201||VELS Institute of Science, Technology & Advanced Studies||Chennai||INR 50,000||INR 5 LPA|
PhD Bioinformatics: Suitable Candidates for the Course
- Those with a background in computer science and information technology, as well as industrial workers, entrepreneurs, and scientific personnel involved in teaching and research, are ideal candidates for the course.
- Students should have good teamwork skills because they will be working with people from various backgrounds and areas of expertise.
- Candidates should be adaptable, as they will be moving from one project to another as the situation dictates.
PhD Bioinformatics: Important Skills Required
- Proficiency in Basic C programs, C++, Perl, Python, MATLAB, Galaxy, and other programming languages and software.
- Knowledge of Clustalw, Blast, BLAT, T-coffee, and other bioinformatics tools, as well as clustering and analysis algorithms, is essential.
- Prior knowledge of software toolkits such as Scaffold, UCSC, Enalos, Entrez, and others would be advantageous.
- Knowledge of how to interpret modules based on data extracted from a variety of sources.
- Genetics and molecular biology knowledge
- Analytical Skills: Bioinformatics is primarily concerned with finding solutions to problems in biology. As a result, having creative ideas and analytical abilities are essential for success in this field.
- Able to handle software and other technology – A significant portion of the Bioinformatics course revolves around the handling and development of various software for the storage and analysis of biological data. As a result, proficiency with a computer is required.
- Teamwork and coordination: In the field of bioinformatics, there are several departments with which one must coordinate. As a result, good communication skills, the ability to delegate, and the ability to work as part of a team are required in the above field.
- Dedication and Patience: This is a field that requires a lot of concentration and long hours of research and analysis.
Anyone with an inquisitive mind and a passion for science would excel in this field of constant change and new innovation.
PhD Bioinformatics and PhD Biotechnology: Key Differences
There are a number of courses that have a curriculum that is similar to the PhD in Bioinformatics course. We have compared the PhD programs in bioinformatics and biotechnology.
|Basis of Comparison||PhD in Bioinformatics||PhD in Biotechnology|
|Level of Course||Doctor of Philosophy in Bioinformatics||Doctor of Philosophy in Biotechnology|
|Course Highlight||PhD in Bioinformatics is concerned with the various techniques used to store and retrieve biological data such as genetic interactions, protein sequences, and so on.||A PhD in Biotechnology covers a wide range of topics, including stem cell research, pharmacology, forensics, cancer research, immunology, and food science, among others.|
|Eligibility Criteria||Post-graduation in Maths, Science, Biotech or Bioinformatics||Post-graduation in Biotechnology|
|Process of Admission||Direct admission or Entrance test||Direct admission or Entrance test.|
|Average Annual Fee||INR 40,000 to INR 3,00,000||INR 50,000 to 4,00,000|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 3 LPA to INR 15 LPA||INR 4 LPA to INR 20 LPA|
|Institutes||International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, Amity University, Noida, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore||Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida, St. Xaviers College, Kolkata, Mount Carmel College, Bangalore,Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad|
|Areas of Recruitment||Colleges and Universities, Agriculture Sector, Medical Research Centres, Pharmaceutical Industry, Research Centres, etc.||Blood Services, Public Health Entities, Industrial Laboratories, Drug Manufacturing Companies,Research Departments, Environmental Pollution Control, Educational Institutes, etc.|
|Top Profiles of Job||Associate Research Scientists, Researchers, Professors, Bioinformatics Trainee,etc.||Analytical chemist, Healthcare scientist, Clinical research associate, Biomedical scientist,Clinical biotechnologist, Scientific laboratory technician, etc.|
PhD Bioinformatics: Important Documents Required
The most important part of any important course is the books. If you want to know everything there is to know about a subject, you need to know which books are the best. The following are some of the most important books for PhD candidates in bioinformatics:
|Name of the Book||Name of the Author|
|Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics||Warren J. Ewens and Gregory R. Grant|
|Practical Bioinformatics||Michael Agostino|
|The R Book||Michael J. Cawley|
|Bioinformatics and Computational Biology in Drug Discovery and Development||William T. Loging|
PhD Bioinformatics: A Comparison among Institutes
Out of all of the top PhD in bioinformatics programs, we’ve compared the three best colleges based on a variety of factors.
|College Name||Amity University, Noida||International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad||Chandigarh University, University|
|Highlight||Amity University is one of India’s most well-known private universities. It was founded in 1986. The institute is well-known for its excellent facilities and diverse course offerings.||Hyderabad’s IIIT is a self-contained institute that was founded in 1998. The college offers two bachelor’s degree programs, four master’s degree programs, and a number of PhD programs in a variety of fields.||Chandigarh University is a private university with 16 departments in total. In terms of placement, it is one of the best universities in the country.|
|Ranking by NIRF||32||43||84|
|Average Fees||INR 1,00,000||INR 1,50,000||INR 85,000|
|Eligibility Criteria||Minimum of 55% marks in Masters||Minimum of 50% marks in Masters||Minimum of 55% marks in Masters|
|Process of Admission||Entrance test and interview||Entrance test and interview||Entrance test and interview|
|Average CTC offered||INR 4.5 LPA||INR 21 LPA||INR 5.96 LPA|
|Top Employing Firms||Amazon, Flipkart, Samsung, Google, Microsoft, Accenture.||Adobe, Uber, Amazon, Nvidia, Google||Zomato, Amazon, Microsoft, Cognizant, Flipkart.|
PhD Bioinformatics: Top Job Profiles
- Because of the latest use of technology in the management of biological data, the career prospects for PhD in Bioinformatics students have gradually improved.
- Candidates could work in a variety of settings, including educational institutions, hospitals, biomedical organizations, and research institutes.
- They may also be involved in bioinformatics research.
- Candidates are qualified to work in both public and private hospitals.
- They can also work as teachers in both public and private schools.
The following are some of the most common job profiles for PhD in bioinformatics students.
|Profile of Job||Description of Job||Average Salary|
|Bioinformatics Software Developers||They are involved in a number of bioinformatics software development projects.||INR 9,00,000|
|Associate Research Scientists||They conduct research in a variety of bioinformatics-related fields.||INR 15,00,000|
|Professors||They are professors at a variety of public and private institutions. Their topic is determined by their area of expertise.||INR 2,50,000|
|Medical Coders||They work in hospitals and clinics. They are able to obtain accurate medical reimbursement claims.||INR 2,36,801|
|Bioinformatics Trainees||They create mathematical models to help them understand biological data trends.||INR 1,08,000|
|Clinical Bioinformaticians||They create new techniques and methods for storing, retrieving, and analyzing biological data.||INR 2,00,000|
Some other important areas of employment are
- A Medical Coder
- Medical Research Centers
- Clinical Bioinformatician
- Associate Bioinformatics Developer
- Research Associate
- Genetic Diseases & Genomics Research Centers
- Bioinformatics Analyst/Programmer
- Colleges & Universities
- Applications scientist
- Agriculture Sector
- N.G.S Bioinformatics Trainee
- Software Development Scientist
- Pharmaceutical Industry
- Bioinformatics Trainee
- Technology Manager
- Domain Expert
- Research Associate
PhD in Bioinformatics: Benefits and Scope
- The course is appropriate for anyone with a strong biology or mathematics foundation who is interested in research and pure sciences. It’s a field with a lot of room for expansion. Because the job combines science and technology, you’ll have a variety of options for fields to pursue afterward. This course has job opportunities around every corner due to the need for advancements in the medical field. Several companies abroad, particularly laboratories, pay very well for bioinformatics graduates. Because it is a growing industry in India, your pay will continue to rise.
- In terms of academics, the course offers a lot of flexibility in terms of master’s degrees and specializations. It also qualifies the candidate for a PhD, making it a highly respectable course to pursue. This is a field that provides useful data to a variety of other fields, and as a result, it is in high demand.
- Candidates will be able to conduct research in a variety of fields after completing the course. Through this course, students will gain a solid understanding of the functions of various other departments, such as marketing and business development.
- Students pursuing a PhD in bioinformatics will be exposed to a wide range of career options. They could work for a variety of government and private-sector health organizations, educational institutions, cancer research centers, and other organizations.
- Students can work as research scientists in a variety of laboratories. They could come up with new data management and retrieval techniques.
- After completing their PhD in bioinformatics, students can expect to earn between 3 and 15 LPA per year. Your pay is determined by your level of experience and the position you hold. Your remuneration will rise over time.
- Biotechnology and information technology are two areas where the program offers professional expertise.
- Bioinformatics technologies are used throughout the drug discovery process in pharmaceutical and biotech companies.
- If they have teaching experience, they can apply for teaching jobs in both public and private institutions.
Yes, there are numerous career options open to you. You could pursue a career in academia. You can work for healthcare organisations, research institutes, pharmaceutical companies, and other organisations.
The PhD in Bioinformatics program takes about 3-5 years to complete.
Yes, candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science can enroll in a Bioinformatics program after graduation.
Only a few universities administer an entrance exam followed by an interview. UGC NET, GATE, UGC CSIR NET, and others are some of the most common entrance exams.
The following are some of the best colleges and universities:
International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
Amity University, Noida
Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore
A postgraduate degree in math, science, bioinformatics, or biotechnology is required.
Professors, Medical Coders, Bioinformatics Trainees, Clinical Bioinformaticians, and others are common job profiles.
Between INR 40,000 and INR 3,000,000 is the average tuition fee.
Yes, AIIMS offers a Bioinformatics PhD program. You must, however, take an entrance exam.
Your salary should be in the range of 3 to 15 LPA.
Bioinformatics creates centralized, globally accessible databases that scientists can use to submit, search, and analyse data. It provides tools for modelling, visualizing, exploring, and interpreting data, as well as analysis software for data studies and comparisons.
Higher education, like any other skill, can persuade an employer that you can work more independently. However, experience in related fields can help. A PhD in Bioinformatics broadens your job opportunities, and some positions require it.
Because of the abundance of big data in science, bioinformatics is an important and in-demand job. There is a lot of opportunity in the field, and bioinformatics jobs are in high demand, because the function of nearly half of all genes identified in the project is currently unknown.
Bioinformatics is the field for you if you are comfortable working with computer software and have a basic understanding of biology. Try BioTechnology if you want to work in a lab and study subjects like genetic engineering, cancer, genetics, molecular biology, tissue culture, and so on.
A career in bioinformatics can be shaped in one of two ways, both of which require learning a new language. Computer scientists must learn genomics, genetics, and molecular biology terminology, whereas biologists must master data analysis skills such as statistics, logic, and programming.
Candidates must have received at least 55 percent (without rounding off) in a Master’s Degree OR equivalent examination in Humanities (including languages), Social Science, Computer Science & Applications, Electronic Science, etc. from universities/institutions recognized by the UGC.
Doctor of Philosophy is abbreviated as PhD. This is an academic or professional degree that qualifies the holder to teach their chosen subject at the university level or work in a specialized position in their chosen field in most countries.
PhDs take three to four years to complete full-time, while part-time PhDs can take up to six or seven years. The thesis deadline, however, can be extended by up to four years at the discretion of the institution. Many students who enroll in three-year PhD programs do not complete their thesis until their fourth year.