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PhD in Bioinformatics – Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Institutes, Scope

PhD in Bioinformatics is a doctoral program in bioinformatics. The program could last anywhere from three to five years. This course provides students with research opportunities in the fields of computational biology and bioinformatics. Bioinformatics is defined as the science of gathering, restoring, and analyzing large amounts of biological data.

The program is one of the most competitive PhD training schemes to enter and is designed to provide PhD students with the best starting platform for a successful career in science. You must have a postgraduate degree in Biotechnology/Bioinformatics to be eligible for the PhD in Bioinformatics program. Candidates with a bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology or Bioinformatics who have extensive research experience may also be considered by some colleges.

Bioinformatics will teach you how to compare genetic data, analyse proteins and their interactions, design drugs using models and computational chemistry, and perform genomic analysis.

Students will be required to submit research papers on a variety of topics related to bioinformatics at the conclusion of the course. Students pursuing a PhD in bioinformatics have a variety of career options. Most of the candidates are hired for positions such as bioinformatics trainee, professor, technology manager, and so on. Students pursuing a PhD in bioinformatics may also look for work in the government sector. The average annual salary offered to candidates ranges from INR 3 lakh to INR 15 lakh.

PhD Bioinformatics: An Overview

In the table below, some of the major highlights of the PhD in Bioinformatics program are listed.

Level of CourseDoctorate
Also referred asDoctorate of Philosophy in Bioinformatics
Duration of Course3-5 years
Eligibility CriteriaPostgraduate degree in Mathematics, Science, Biotechnology or Bioinformatics
Process of AdmissionDirect Admission or on the basis of Entrance test.
Fee for the CourseINR 40,000 to INR 3,00,000
Average Annual SalaryINR 3 LPA – INR 15 LPA
Positions for Job Bioinformatics Trainee, Medical Coder, Associate Research Scientists, Professor,Bioinformatics Analyst, Applications Scientist, Software Development Scientists, Clinical Bioinformatician,Domain Expert and many more.
Top Areas of RecruitmentMedical Research Centers, Agriculture Sector, Colleges & Universities,Pharmaceutical Industry, Research Centers, etc.
Top EmployersReliance, Ocimumbio, Jubilant Biosys, Wipro,Tata Consultancy Services, IBM Life Sciences, Accelrys, BioMed Informatics

PhD in Bioinformatics Eligibility

If students wish to participate in this course, they must meet a few eligibility requirements. Some of the most important eligibility criteria are listed below:

  • A master’s degree in Science, Mathematics, Biotechnology, or Bioinformatics from a recognized university is required.
  • Candidates must have received at least 50% of their post-graduation and graduation grades. Certain exemptions may be granted to SC/ST/OBC/PWD candidates.
  • Candidates must pass the entrance exam and perform well in the personal interview if the college administers an admission test.

PhD in Bioinformatics Curriculum/Syllabus

Most universities’ PhD in Bioinformatics programs follow a similar curriculum. A few of the major topics and subtopics covered during the course are listed below.

Course TopicsRelated Subtopics
Basic Concepts of ComputerConcept of Computer Hardware, Software, and Computer Languages
BiostatisticsMeasure of Central Tendency and Dispersion, Probability distribution, Binomial Distribution, Poisson Distribution, and Normal Distribution.
Quantitative TechniquesRegression and Correlation, Level of Significance, Use of Computers in Quantitative analysis
Scientific WritingDefinition and Kind of scientific documents, submission of manuscripts, oral and poster presentation of a research paper, ordering reprints
Techniques in Molecular BiologyIdentification of DNA, RNA, and Plasmids
Research TechniquesCell extraction techniques, Ultrafiltration, Paper Chromatography, etc
GenomicsGenes, Human Genome Project, Polymerase, Enzymes, Nuclease, etc.
Protein DatabasesProtein sequence databases, different formats of databases, composite databases, etc.

PhD in Bioinformatics Admission Procedure

  • Candidates are admitted based on their entrance exam scores or their performance in their master’s degree program.
  • A personal interview may be required in some cases.
  • GATE, BINC (Bioinformatics National Certification Examination), and NET UGC are some of the most common entrance exams for PhD in Bioinformatics students.
  • In the months of May or June, application forms for PhD programs are made available.
  • Shortlisted candidates are either invited to apply for admission or must take the entrance exam.
  • All information about the admissions process can be found on the respective universities’ official websites.

Based on Merit

  • Step 1: Complete the application form: After you’ve decided on colleges, you’ll need to complete the application form. Before the deadline, the application forms must be submitted.
  • Step 2: College Admissions: Candidates will be shortlisted based on their master’s degree course performance. The minimum grade requirement varies by college.

Based on Entrance

  • Step 1: Complete the application form: The application form is the first step in the admissions process. After you’ve successfully submitted your application, you can move on to the next step in the admissions process.
  • Step 2: Take the entrance exam. Most universities accept students based on their performance on the entrance exam. The college authorities determine the cut-off for the entrance exam.
  • Step 3: Attend a personal interview (optional): Some colleges conduct personal interviews as well. Candidates will be shortlisted based on their interview performance.
  • Step 4: College Admission: The final step in the admissions process is being accepted into a college. They must submit all the required documents and pay the admission fees in order to do so.

PhD in Bioinformatics: Institutes Ranked by NIRF

Ranking by NIRFInstitute NameProcess of AdmissionAverage Fee
Annual Salary
32Amity University, NoidaEntrance testINR 1,00,000INR 4.5 LPA
43International Institute of Information Technology, HyderabadEntrance testINR 1,50,000INR 21 LPA
65Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, BhopalEntrance testINR 38,600INR 6 LPA
80Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, CoimbatoreEntrance testINR 76,000INR 4 LPA
84Chandigarh University, ChandigarhEntrance testINR 85,000INR 5.96 LPA

PhD Bioinformatics: Important Entrance Exams

Some of the most common entrance exams for the PhD Bioinformatics program are listed below:

  • The UGC NET Exam: For admission to various PhD institutes, the UGC National Eligibility Test (NET) is held in various parts of the country. The exam is conducted entirely online and lasts three hours.
  • GATE: The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a test that is used to select candidates for graduate engineering programs. Candidates for the M.Tech and PhD degrees are subjected to the examination.
  • The entrance examination for the post of Junior Research Fellowship is the UGC CSIR NET: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Eligibility Test. The test is administered in pen and paper format twice a year.
  • The Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, conducts the BINC: Bioinformatics National Certification Examination for admission to various bioinformatics-related courses across the country. The test is divided into two sections.
  • DTU PhD Entrance Exam: Every year, the Delhi Technical University Entrance Exam is held for applicants who wish to pursue a PhD in a variety of fields. A round of interviews may follow the examination.

PhD in Bioinformatics: Focus Areas

  • Bioinformatics is a popular science and technology discipline.Bioinformatics is concerned with the proper storage of biological data in order for it to be retrieved as needed. Nucleic acids, protein sequences, genetic information, and other types of data fall into this category.
  • Bioinformatics is a branch of science that combines mathematics, computer science, statistics, and engineering to help people better understand biological data. In biomedical research, the subject is extremely important.
  • The course will teach students about various biological data sets and how to organize them in a systematic manner. Students will also have the opportunity to create their own bioinformatics tools for performing various tasks.
  • To pursue a PhD in bioinformatics, candidates must have a strong understanding of computers and technology. They must also be able to think critically and communicate effectively.

PhD Bioinformatics: Important Documents Required

  • passing/degree certificate of the last qualifying degree examination.
  • Mark-list of the last qualifying degree examination
  • A character certificate (from the head of the institute from which the student has obtained his qualifying degree)
  • Gap certificate (if applicable)
  • Research Proposal
  • Migration Certificate (No objection certificate from the university last attended)
  • Documentary proof of the date of birth
  • No objection certificate from the employer (if employed)

Students should be aware that if the aforementioned certificates are not attached to their application, their application will not be taken into account for admission.

PhD Bioinformatics: Preparation Plan

You must be extremely well-prepared for your PhD in Bioinformatics entrance exam in order to achieve a high score. So, here are a few study tips that will help you ace your exam:

  • Learn everything you can about the examination format and the question paper. If it’s a subjective test, make sure you read all of the chapters thoroughly. If the exam is M.C.Q-based, however, focus on the finer points.
  • Examine the syllabus thoroughly. Make certain that no important chapters are omitted. Attempt to finish the entire syllabus at least one month before the exam date.
  • Give greater weight to the sections of the exam where questions are asked frequently. Before the exam, go over those sections again thoroughly.
  • Make a clear strategy and stick to it. Planning and scheduling are critical to achieving a high score on the examination.
  • Sample papers and previous years’ question papers can be used to practice various types of questions.
  • Always keep a notebook handy when you’re studying. This will ensure that you do not overlook any crucial information. By simply going over your notes before your examination, you can feel confident in yourself.
  • Also, try to keep a positive attitude at all times. Keep a positive attitude and don’t overwork yourself. This will boost your concentration while also increasing your confidence.
  • Having a high GPA or a high percentage in your post-secondary work will help you get into the college of your choice.
  • Make sure you’re well-prepared for the entrance exam. This will ensure that you pass the cut-off and move on to the next stage of the application process.
  • If your university conducts an interview, you must present yourself in the best possible light. Prepare yourself for any questions that may arise during the interview.
  • The application form should be carefully completed. There should be no room for error. Also, make sure to submit the application form by the deadline.
  • Keep an eye on the university’s official website for regular updates on the admissions process.
  • Find out what others have to say about your college. Examine the scenario for placement. Take a look at the reviews and ratings. This will assist you in determining the level of education provided by your college.

PhD Bioinformatics: Top Institutes

A number of top Indian institutes offer PhD programs in bioinformatics. We’ve listed some of India’s most prestigious PhD in Bioinformatics colleges below:

Ranking by NIRFInstitute NamePlaceAverage FeeAverage
Annual Salary
32Amity UniversityNoidaINR 1,00,000INR 4.5 LPA
43International Institute of Information TechnologyHyderabadINR 1,50,000INR 21 LPA
65Maulana Azad National Institute of TechnologyBhopalINR 38,600INR 6 LPA
80Karunya Institute of Technology and SciencesCoimbatoreINR 76,000INR 4 LPA
84Chandigarh UniversityChandigarhINR 85,000INR 5.96 LPA
87Lovely Professional UniversityJalandharINR 95,200INR 3-5 LPA
103International Institute of Information TechnologyAllahabadINR 71,700INR 15.5 LPA
115Jaypee University of Information TechnologySolanINR 50,000INR 3.25 LPA
201VELS Institute of Science, Technology & Advanced StudiesChennaiINR 50,000INR 5 LPA

PhD Bioinformatics: Suitable Candidates for the Course

  • Those with a background in computer science and information technology, as well as industrial workers, entrepreneurs, and scientific personnel involved in teaching and research, are ideal candidates for the course.
  • Students should have good teamwork skills because they will be working with people from various backgrounds and areas of expertise.
  • Candidates should be adaptable, as they will be moving from one project to another as the situation dictates.

PhD Bioinformatics: Important Skills Required

  • Proficiency in Basic C programs, C++, Perl, Python, MATLAB, Galaxy, and other programming languages and software.
  • Knowledge of Clustalw, Blast, BLAT, T-coffee, and other bioinformatics tools, as well as clustering and analysis algorithms, is essential.
  • Prior knowledge of software toolkits such as Scaffold, UCSC, Enalos, Entrez, and others would be advantageous.
  • Knowledge of how to interpret modules based on data extracted from a variety of sources.
  • Genetics and molecular biology knowledge
  • Analytical Skills: Bioinformatics is primarily concerned with finding solutions to problems in biology. As a result, having creative ideas and analytical abilities are essential for success in this field.
  • Able to handle software and other technology – A significant portion of the Bioinformatics course revolves around the handling and development of various software for the storage and analysis of biological data. As a result, proficiency with a computer is required.
  • Teamwork and coordination: In the field of bioinformatics, there are several departments with which one must coordinate. As a result, good communication skills, the ability to delegate, and the ability to work as part of a team are required in the above field.
  • Dedication and Patience: This is a field that requires a lot of concentration and long hours of research and analysis.

Anyone with an inquisitive mind and a passion for science would excel in this field of constant change and new innovation.

PhD Bioinformatics and PhD Biotechnology: Key Differences

There are a number of courses that have a curriculum that is similar to the PhD in Bioinformatics course. We have compared the PhD programs in bioinformatics and biotechnology.

Basis of ComparisonPhD in BioinformaticsPhD in Biotechnology
Level of CourseDoctor of Philosophy in BioinformaticsDoctor of Philosophy in Biotechnology
Course HighlightPhD in Bioinformatics is concerned with the various techniques used to store and retrieve biological data such as genetic interactions, protein sequences, and so on.A PhD in Biotechnology covers a wide range of topics, including stem cell research, pharmacology, forensics, cancer research, immunology, and food science, among others.
Eligibility CriteriaPost-graduation in Maths, Science, Biotech or BioinformaticsPost-graduation in Biotechnology
Process of AdmissionDirect admission or Entrance testDirect admission or Entrance test.
Average Annual FeeINR 40,000 to INR 3,00,000 INR 50,000 to 4,00,000
Average Annual SalaryINR 3 LPA to INR 15 LPAINR 4 LPA to INR 20 LPA
Institutes International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, Amity University, Noida, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, CoimbatoreShiv Nadar University, Greater Noida, St. Xaviers College, Kolkata, Mount Carmel College, Bangalore,Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
Areas of RecruitmentColleges and Universities, Agriculture Sector, Medical Research Centres, Pharmaceutical Industry, Research Centres, etc.Blood Services, Public Health Entities, Industrial Laboratories, Drug Manufacturing Companies,Research Departments, Environmental Pollution Control, Educational Institutes, etc.
Top Profiles of JobAssociate Research Scientists, Researchers, Professors, Bioinformatics Trainee,etc. Analytical chemist, Healthcare scientist, Clinical research associate, Biomedical scientist,Clinical biotechnologist, Scientific laboratory technician, etc.

PhD Bioinformatics: Important Documents Required

The most important part of any important course is the books. If you want to know everything there is to know about a subject, you need to know which books are the best. The following are some of the most important books for PhD candidates in bioinformatics:

Name of the Book Name of the Author
Statistical Methods in BioinformaticsWarren J. Ewens and Gregory R. Grant 
Practical BioinformaticsMichael Agostino
The R BookMichael J. Cawley
Bioinformatics and Computational Biology in Drug Discovery and DevelopmentWilliam T. Loging

PhD Bioinformatics: A Comparison among Institutes

Out of all of the top PhD in bioinformatics programs, we’ve compared the three best colleges based on a variety of factors.

College NameAmity University, NoidaInternational Institute of Information Technology, HyderabadChandigarh University, University
HighlightAmity University is one of India’s most well-known private universities. It was founded in 1986. The institute is well-known for its excellent facilities and diverse course offerings.Hyderabad’s IIIT is a self-contained institute that was founded in 1998. The college offers two bachelor’s degree programs, four master’s degree programs, and a number of PhD programs in a variety of fields.Chandigarh University is a private university with 16 departments in total. In terms of placement, it is one of the best universities in the country.
Ranking by NIRF324384
Average Fees INR 1,00,000INR 1,50,000INR 85,000
Eligibility CriteriaMinimum of 55% marks in MastersMinimum of 50% marks in MastersMinimum of 55% marks in Masters
Process of AdmissionEntrance test and interviewEntrance test and interviewEntrance test and interview
Average CTC offeredINR 4.5 LPAINR 21 LPAINR 5.96 LPA
Top Employing FirmsAmazon, Flipkart, Samsung, Google, Microsoft, Accenture.Adobe, Uber, Amazon, Nvidia, GoogleZomato, Amazon, Microsoft, Cognizant, Flipkart.

PhD Bioinformatics: Top Job Profiles

  • Because of the latest use of technology in the management of biological data, the career prospects for PhD in Bioinformatics students have gradually improved.
  • Candidates could work in a variety of settings, including educational institutions, hospitals, biomedical organizations, and research institutes.
  • They may also be involved in bioinformatics research.
  • Candidates are qualified to work in both public and private hospitals.
  • They can also work as teachers in both public and private schools.

The following are some of the most common job profiles for PhD in bioinformatics students.

Profile of Job Description of JobAverage Salary
Per Annum
Bioinformatics Software DevelopersThey are involved in a number of bioinformatics software development projects.INR 9,00,000
Associate Research ScientistsThey conduct research in a variety of bioinformatics-related fields.INR 15,00,000
ProfessorsThey are professors at a variety of public and private institutions. Their topic is determined by their area of expertise.INR 2,50,000
Medical CodersThey work in hospitals and clinics. They are able to obtain accurate medical reimbursement claims.INR 2,36,801
Bioinformatics TraineesThey create mathematical models to help them understand biological data trends.INR 1,08,000
Clinical BioinformaticiansThey create new techniques and methods for storing, retrieving, and analyzing biological data.INR 2,00,000

Some other important areas of employment are

  • A Medical Coder
  • Medical Research Centers
  • Clinical Bioinformatician
  • Associate Bioinformatics Developer
  • Research Associate
  • Genetic Diseases & Genomics Research Centers
  • Bioinformatics Analyst/Programmer
  • Colleges & Universities
  • Applications scientist
  • Agriculture Sector
  • N.G.S Bioinformatics Trainee
  • Software Development Scientist
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Bioinformatics Trainee
  • Technology Manager
  • Professor
  • Domain Expert
  • Research Associate

PhD in Bioinformatics: Benefits and Scope

  • The course is appropriate for anyone with a strong biology or mathematics foundation who is interested in research and pure sciences. It’s a field with a lot of room for expansion. Because the job combines science and technology, you’ll have a variety of options for fields to pursue afterward. This course has job opportunities around every corner due to the need for advancements in the medical field. Several companies abroad, particularly laboratories, pay very well for bioinformatics graduates. Because it is a growing industry in India, your pay will continue to rise.
  • In terms of academics, the course offers a lot of flexibility in terms of master’s degrees and specializations. It also qualifies the candidate for a PhD, making it a highly respectable course to pursue. This is a field that provides useful data to a variety of other fields, and as a result, it is in high demand.
  • Candidates will be able to conduct research in a variety of fields after completing the course. Through this course, students will gain a solid understanding of the functions of various other departments, such as marketing and business development.
  • Students pursuing a PhD in bioinformatics will be exposed to a wide range of career options. They could work for a variety of government and private-sector health organizations, educational institutions, cancer research centers, and other organizations.
  • Students can work as research scientists in a variety of laboratories. They could come up with new data management and retrieval techniques.
  • After completing their PhD in bioinformatics, students can expect to earn between 3 and 15 LPA per year. Your pay is determined by your level of experience and the position you hold. Your remuneration will rise over time.
  • Biotechnology and information technology are two areas where the program offers professional expertise.
  • Bioinformatics technologies are used throughout the drug discovery process in pharmaceutical and biotech companies.
  • If they have teaching experience, they can apply for teaching jobs in both public and private institutions.


Is there any money to be made in the field of bioinformatics?

Yes, there are numerous career options open to you. You could pursue a career in academia. You can work for healthcare organisations, research institutes, pharmaceutical companies, and other organisations.

How long will it take for me to finish my PhD in Bioinformatics?

The PhD in Bioinformatics program takes about 3-5 years to complete.

Is it possible to pursue a career in bioinformatics after completing a computer science degree?

Yes, candidates with a bachelor’s degree in computer science can enroll in a Bioinformatics program after graduation.

Is an entrance exam required for admission to the PhD program in Bioinformatics?

Only a few universities administer an entrance exam followed by an interview. UGC NET, GATE, UGC CSIR NET, and others are some of the most common entrance exams.

What are some of the best Bioinformatics PhD colleges in India?

The following are some of the best colleges and universities:
International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal
Amity University, Noida
Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore

What are the requirements for a PhD in Bioinformatics program?

A postgraduate degree in math, science, bioinformatics, or biotechnology is required.

What are the most common job profiles for PhD students in Bioinformatics?

Professors, Medical Coders, Bioinformatics Trainees, Clinical Bioinformaticians, and others are common job profiles.

What is the average cost of tuition for PhD students in Bioinformatics?

Between INR 40,000 and INR 3,000,000 is the average tuition fee.

Is there a Bioinformatics PhD program at AIIMS?

Yes, AIIMS offers a Bioinformatics PhD program. You must, however, take an entrance exam.

What should a PhD in Bioinformatics candidate’s expected annual salary be?

Your salary should be in the range of 3 to 15 LPA.

What does bioinformatics entail?

Bioinformatics creates centralized, globally accessible databases that scientists can use to submit, search, and analyse data. It provides tools for modelling, visualizing, exploring, and interpreting data, as well as analysis software for data studies and comparisons.

Is a PhD required to work in bioinformatics?

Higher education, like any other skill, can persuade an employer that you can work more independently. However, experience in related fields can help. A PhD in Bioinformatics broadens your job opportunities, and some positions require it.

Is there a demand for bioinformatics?

Because of the abundance of big data in science, bioinformatics is an important and in-demand job. There is a lot of opportunity in the field, and bioinformatics jobs are in high demand, because the function of nearly half of all genes identified in the project is currently unknown.

Biotechnology or bioinformatics: which is better?

Bioinformatics is the field for you if you are comfortable working with computer software and have a basic understanding of biology. Try BioTechnology if you want to work in a lab and study subjects like genetic engineering, cancer, genetics, molecular biology, tissue culture, and so on.

Is coding required in bioinformatics?

A career in bioinformatics can be shaped in one of two ways, both of which require learning a new language. Computer scientists must learn genomics, genetics, and molecular biology terminology, whereas biologists must master data analysis skills such as statistics, logic, and programming.

Who is eligible to take the NET exam?

Candidates must have received at least 55 percent (without rounding off) in a Master’s Degree OR equivalent examination in Humanities (including languages), Social Science, Computer Science & Applications, Electronic Science, etc. from universities/institutions recognized by the UGC.

What does PhD stand for in full?

Doctor of Philosophy is abbreviated as PhD. This is an academic or professional degree that qualifies the holder to teach their chosen subject at the university level or work in a specialized position in their chosen field in most countries.

How long does it take to get a PhD?

PhDs take three to four years to complete full-time, while part-time PhDs can take up to six or seven years. The thesis deadline, however, can be extended by up to four years at the discretion of the institution. Many students who enroll in three-year PhD programs do not complete their thesis until their fourth year.

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