A doctoral-level course in geology is a Ph.D. This course is offered by a number of colleges and universities in India. Students with a minimum of 55 percent in M.Sc Geology will be eligible to apply for this course. People who have passed the CAT exam administered by the CSIR in collaboration with the University of Georgia will be given priority. Your application will be forwarded to the Head of Department, who will then forward it to the College Principal, via the Research Director, who has agreed to assist you with your research.
Students who pass the above entrance exam will be awarded a Junior Research Fellowship as well as a stipend to cover unexpected expenses. This course will also include some classroom work that the candidate must complete before moving on to the doctoral program. These students will also be eligible for University Research Fellowships from the university.
Table of Contents
PhD Geology: An Overview
|Level of Course||Doctorate|
|Duration of Course||3-5 years|
|Type of Examination||Semester system/ Year wise|
|Eligibility Criteria||Master’s degree from a recognized university with at least 55% marks.|
|Process of Admission||Merit-Based/ Entrance Test|
|Fees for the Course||INR 1 lakh to INR 2 lacs|
|Average Salary||INR 2.5 lacs to INR 9.5 lacs|
|Top Employment Firms||Geological Survey of India, Central Ground Water Board, Oil, and Natural Gas Commission, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Ltd., Indian Bureau of Mines, Indian Space Research Organization, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited.|
|Top Employment Areas||Research & Educational Institutes, Mining, Oil and Gas, Minerals and Water Resources, Mineralogy, Volcanology, Hydrology or Oceanography.|
|Job Profiles||Volcanologists, Petroleum Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Earth Science Teachers, Glacial Geologists, Structural Geologists, Hydrogeologists, Engineering Geologists, Palaeontologists|
PhD Geology Eligibility Criteria
In order to apply for the course, all interested students must meet the following minimum eligibility requirements:
- A postgraduate degree in a relevant area such as Geology/ Applied Geology/ Earth Science/ Marine Geology from any recognized university.
- Minimum 55% marks for general category in master’s degree
- Minimum 50% marks for SC/ ST/ OBC category candidates
PhD Geology Syllabus
|Course Name||Areas to study|
|Review of Literature||Need and process of a systematic review of Literature to understand Regional and Local-Geology, Geomorphology, Stratigraphy, Structural and Tectonic Setting, Mineral Deposit and Hydrogeology, etc.|
|Geological Surveying||Nature and scope, Important Field Equipment, Toposheets, Geological Mapping Methods, Base Map, Collection of Geological and Structural Data|
|Remote Sensing||Application of Remote Sensing Techniques in Geological Studies|
|Sampling||Purposes and Types of Samples, Techniques of Sampling, Sampling Patterns, Preparation of Samples for further studies|
|Microscopy||Preparation and Studies of Thin sections and Polished sections, Types of Microscopes and their Applications in Geology.|
|Geochemical Analysis||Geochemical Techniques and Instruments for Analyses of Rocks, Soils and Water Samples.|
|Geo-Scientific Writing||Pre-Writing Stage: Scientific Paper, Technical Report, Illustrations (Maps, Line Diagrams, Graphs, Photographs) Writing Stage: Qualities of Scientific Paper, Aids to Writing, Writing Practices. Post Writing Stage: Oral and Poster Presentation, Modes of Preparation and use of various kinds of Oral Aids, Poster Presentation|
PhD Geology Top Educational Institutes
|Institute Name||Location||Average Fee|
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh||19, 000|
|Central University of Karnataka||Gulbarga, Karnataka||20, 000|
|Gulbarga University||Gulbarga, Karnataka||12, 395|
|JIS University||Kolkata, West Bengal|
|Karnatak University||Karnataka||12, 010|
|M.G. Science Institute||Ahmedabad, Gujarat||9000|
|Maharaja Ganga Singh University||Bikaner, Rajasthan||9000|
|MES Ponnani College||Kerala||22, 600|
|Mizoram University||Mizoram||17, 650|
|Mohanlal Sukhadia University||Udaipur, Rajasthan||30, 500|
|National College Trichy||Tamil Nadu||39, 650|
|NIMS University||Jaipur, Rajasthan||1, 05, 000|
|Osmania University||Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh||3000|
|Panjab University||Chandigarh||12, 000|
PhD Geology Admission
Admission to the program is determined solely on the basis of candidates’ master’s degree grades. Different universities or colleges, on the other hand, have different admissions policies.
For admission to a specific course, some universities conduct an entrance examination followed by a round of personal interviews, based on which students are shortlisted.
PhD Geology Career and Job Prospects
If you want to work on a wide range of Earth-related projects, such as environmental protection, oil exploration, mineral exploration, resource management, and so on, geology offers a variety of options.
Working as a geologist is thrilling. Geographers, geologists, oceanographers, meteorologists, and other geology graduates have a wide range of career options.
Most geologists work in a variety of settings, including universities, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. You can also work part-time in fieldwork if you want. Because geologists play such an important role in locating valuable minerals and natural resources, they are more likely to find rewarding jobs in both the private and public sectors.
The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) holds various exams to hire ambitious Geologists in government agencies such as the GSI (Geological Survey of India) and the CGWB (Central Government Workforce Board) (Central Groundwater Board). Apart from that, organizations such as ONGC (Oil & Natural Gas Corporation), Coal India Limited, Hindustan Zinc Limited, MECL (Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited), and others are eager to hire geologists.
When it comes to a preferred choice in the Union Public Service Commission, geology also reigns supreme. Civil Services Examinations and the Union Public Service Commission’s Indian Forest Service Exam (CSE). You can also apply if you are a geologist who wants to work in the paramilitary or defense sector. You can also pursue academics and research as a career path by pursuing an M.Phil. or Ph.D. in Geology and then taking the UGC’s NET (National Education Test) (University Grants Commission).
|Job Position||Job Description||Average Annual Pay Scale in INR|
|Petroleum Geologists||The duty of Petroleum Geologists is to discover the location and amount of useful fuel such as Oil and Natural Gas in sediments or reservoirs||4, 93, 325|
|Environmental Geologists||They study the Physical characteristics and composition of the earth and its natural resources||4, 50, 000|
|Earth Science Teacher||Earth Science Teacher teaches the course in Physical Sciences except for Physics and Chemistry||3, 01, 462|
|Hydrogeologists||They help in studying the location, movement, and quality of water formations below the surface of the earth||5, 00, 000|
PhD Geology: Benefits and Scope
A candidate with a Degree in Geology can bag the following roles in the industry –
- Onshore Well-Site Geologist
- Development Geologist
- Geological Advisor
- Processing Geophysicist
- Head of Wind Resource Assessment
- Technical Sales Manager
- Small Hydro Power Business Leader
A Geologist in the government sector earns a competitive salary and enjoys a prestigious position. Furthermore, companies such as Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited, and others provide attractive benefits and comfortable living quarters to geologists.
Although salaries for geologists vary by company, they are generally high in the private sector and are based on the candidate’s experience, skills, and qualifications. As a newcomer, Geology is the study of the Earth in which students learn about the Earth’s materials, how they’re made, and how processes affect them over time. Geologists are academics who are interested in the study of geology. Individuals with a doctorate degree from reputable institutes or universities can work in both domestic and international settings.
Individuals pursuing a PhD in Geology are trained and taught to:
- Indentifying rock, minerals and fossils
- Research for natural gas and minerals
- Measure Earth’s gravity and magnetic field
- Work in deserts, ocean floors, mountains etc.
A PhD takes about 5 years to complete.
After completing your PhD, you may be able to work in the R&D department of a company in your field. You will be treated as a fresher at this stage, regardless of whether you have a PhD or not, because you lack industry experience.
Prior to beginning their Ph. D. program, students must have earned a bachelor’s degree and, in most cases, a master’s degree. For their Doctorate in Geology, students can specialize in areas such as climate modeling, hydrology, mineralogy, paleontology, seismology, and structural geology, among others.
USA, Lebanon, and Finland are some of the best countries to study geology.
Some of the jobs for Geologists are :
Environmental field technician.
Environmental protection specialist.
High school science teacher.
Geologists study the Earth to learn about how it was formed and the structural changes that are currently taking place. As a result, they can forecast what will happen to the planet in the future. Bachelor’s degrees are the most common, but master’s and doctorate degrees are also available in the field.
Despite the downturn in the mineral resources sector, geologists have a bright long-term job outlook. The price of geological commodities such as fuels, metals, and construction materials affects demand in the field, which is cyclical.
A career in geology pays well, and there are many different career paths and job titles to choose from. Academics, government (USGS), environmental consulting, the oil and gas industry, and the mining industry are the most common careers for geologists. Geologists are seeing a lot of job growth.
Oil companies, environmental agencies, government agencies, universities and colleges, and research facilities employ the majority of geochemists.