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PhD Botany – Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Top Institutes, Scope

Botany is a branch of biology that studies plants and how they sustain and engage with other living and non-living organisms in their environment. The Botany doctoral program is a three-year program that gives a research-level study foundation in the subject of botany. Postgraduates are hired as mycologists, administrators, ecologists, fruit growers, plant biochemists, foresters, and researchers, among other positions.

Biotechnology organizations, grain and nursery industries, greenhouse resource laboratories, academic institutions, crop health quality inspection, oil industry, botanic gardens, forest assistance, sustainable land agencies, national parks, chemical plants, food businesses, genetic supply houses, and so on are all popular places for such scholars to work.

The student concentrates on a single topic and is asked to show new research on it. If you really want to work in botany as a professor, you’ll need this degree.

PhD Botany: An Overview

 Level of CourseDoctorate
Duration of Course3 years
Type of ExaminationSemester System
Eligibility CriteriaPost Graduation
 Process of AdmissionBased on short-listed candidates’ performance in the round of interview.
 Fee for CourseINR 2,000 to 8 Lacs
Average SalaryINR 1.5 to 6 lacs per annum
Top Employment Areas Plant Resources Laboratory, Educational Institutions, Plant Health, Inspection Services, Oil Industry, Arboretum, Forest Services, Land Management Agencies, National Parks, Chemical Industry, Food Companies, Biological Supply Houses, and so on.
 Positions of JobAdministrators, Ecologists, Fruit Growers, Plant Biochemists, Foresters, Researchers, and other professionals are included.

PhD Botany Eligibility

  • A postgraduate degree from a recognized institute/university in a relevant discipline is required.
  • At the post-graduate level, a minimum aggregate score of 55 percent (50 percent for SC/ST candidates) or equivalent grade is required.
  • At least 5 years of senior-level teaching, industry, administrative, or professional experience.
  • If you want to pursue a degree in Botany in another country, you’ll need to submit TOEFL/IELTS scores as well as GRE scores for master’s degree programs. You must also submit a Statement of Purpose (SOP) and Letters of Recommendation with your application.

PhD Botany Syllabus

First SemesterSecond Semester
Research MethodologyTaxonomy, Biodiversity & Conservation
Research ProposalRecent advances in Ecology
Recent advances in Plant PhysiologyTrends in Biotechnology
Recent advances in Mycology and Plant Pathology

PhD Botany: Skills and Competencies

Candidates interested in pursuing a doctorate in botany should possess the following skills:

  • Recording, collating, and analyzing data using suitable techniques and equipment are examples of data-handling skills.
  • Written communication skills, as well as demonstration and oral communication skills, such as the ability to present study findings and make clear, succinct presentations.
  • Skills in project management, such as planning and carrying out research projects, experiments, and so on.
  • ability to work both independently and collaboratively with a decent knowledge of information technology

PhD Botany Admission

The candidate’s performance in a pertinent proficiency test and/or a round of personal interview and/or performance in a pertinent qualifying examination determines admission to the course in India. Applicants are chosen based on their academic performance as well as their performance on a relevant national screening test, such as:

  • The CSIR NET is a twice-yearly examination. Candidates who meet the requirements can apply for a government-funded scholarship to help them pay for the course.
  • DBT is a national-level entrance examination that helps shortlisted candidates pursue advanced research in their field.
  • A UGC NET is also held to assist shortlisted candidates in pursuing their goals.

PhD Botany: Top Universities

InstitutePlace Average Fees (Annually)
Loyola College, ChennaiChennaiINR 7,200 (course)
Christ UniversityBangaloreINR 51,667 (course)
Presidency College, ChennaiChennaiINR 2,695 (course)
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda College, ChennaiChennaiINR 2,205 (course)
Jadavpur University, KolkataKolkataINR 2,388 (course)
Indian Institute of Technology – [IIT], KanpurKanpurINR 28,044 (course)
The Northcap University – [NCU], GurgaonGurgaonINR 72,000 (course)
Shiv Nadar University – [SNU], Greater NoidaGreater NoidaINR 1,23,000 (course)
Birla Institute Of Technology – [Bit Mesra], RanchiRanchiINR 59,000 (course)
Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, KanpurKanpurINR 53,000 (course)
Periyar Maniammai University – [PMU], ThanjavurThanjavurINR 18,000 (course)
Central University of Jharkhand – [CUJ], RanchiRanchiINR 24,967 (course)
Cochin University of Science and Technology – [CUSAT], KochiKochiINR 5,538 (course)
Centurion University of Technology and Management – [CUTM], BhubaneswarBhubaneswarINR 73,333 (course)
Manav Rachna International University – [MRIU], FaridabadFaridabadINR 75,000 (course)
IFTM University, MoradabadMoradabadINR 40,000 (course)
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith – [MGKV], VaranasiVaranasiINR 10,100 (course)
GLA University, MathuraMathuraINR 67,500 (course)
Khalsa College, AmritsarAmritsarINR 30,000 (course)
Banaras Hindu University – [BHU], VaranasiVaranasiINR 6,627 (course)
KR Mangalam University, GurgaonGurgaonINR 65,000 (course)
Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University – [RTMNU], NagpurNagpurINR 30,833 (course)

PhD Botany: Scope in Government Sector

  1. The Indian Forest Service Exam 
  2. SSC
  3. Civil Services
  4. IBPS and SBI
  5. CDS Exam

PhD Botany: Important Job and Career Domains

  • Plant Biochemist
  • Naturalist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Researcher
  • Scientific Assistant 
  • A bio-technologist
  • Nursery Manager 
  • Professor
  • Plant Geneticist
  • Ecologist
  • A Field Botanist
  • Computational Biologist
Position of JobDescription of JobAverage Annual Salary
TaxonomistTaxonomists study plants and divide them into classifications after observing species and categorising them together based on similarities.4,80,000
AgronomistAgronomists work to improve the yield of field crops such as grain and cotton by studying soil and plants. They come up with methods to help farmers increase yield while avoiding harvest failures.6,45,000
EcologistEcologists study the interactions and behaviours of plants with the soil and other living things. They study the biological categories of plants in order to better understand their life processes.6,70,000
MycologistMycologists usually think about pattern of growth and how negatively impacting living things harms the environment. Microbiologists who study microscopic organisms and green economy in relation to microorganisms are known as mycologists.6,60,000
Plant BreederPlant breeders use traditional hybridizing and crossbreeding methods rather than hereditary construction to improve plants for human use, with a focus on environmental conservation. Plant Breeders are a subset of Plant Geneticists, who work in the field of plant genome science.5,50,000

PhD Botany: Some other Job Profiles and Salary Packages

Job ProfileAverage Annual Salary
Plant Biochemist3 Lakhs p.a.
Taxonomist4 Lakhs p.a.
Morphologist3 Lakhs p.a.
Ecologist4 Lakhs p.a.
Cytologist5 Lakhs p.a.
Plant Physiologist6 Lakhs p.a.

PhD Botany: Benefits and Scope

Soil and Plant scientists, Biophysicist and Biochemist, Biological Technician, Environmental Scientist and Specialist, Mycologist, Plant Breeder, and Horticulturist are just a few of the professions available to successful Botanists.

Botany entails the study and management of fossils, living plants, and their interactions with the natural world. Taxonomy, Physiology, and Anatomy of Plants and Their Evolution Of life are some of the specializations in the field of study.


What should I focus on for my PhD in botany?

Botany entails the study and management of fossils and living plants and their interactions with the natural world. Plant Taxonomy, Physiology, and Anatomy of Plants and Their Life Processes are some of the specializations in the discipline.

Is it possible to have a PhD in botany?

While some botanists obtain a PhD and go on to carry out research and teach at an university or college, the majority of botanists obtain a bachelor’s and work in a variety of settings.

What is a doctor of botany called?

Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field.

Which country is the best for pursuing a PhD in Botany?

Some of the best Institutions abroad to Pursue a PhD in Botany:
Galway is home to the National University of Ireland.
Manchester University is a public university in Manchester, England.
The Australian National University is located in Canberra, Australia.
Southern Cross University is a university in Australia.
The University of British Columbia is located in Vancouver, British Columbia.
The University of Dublin, Trinity College Dublin.
Essex University is a public university in Essex, England.
Glasgow University is a Scottish university.

Is being a botanist a good career choice?

Botanist is a good profession for those who enjoy working with plants. They can work in the plant kingdom’s analysis, research, and preservation. They can work in a variety of industries, including agriculture, research institutes, pharmaceuticals, and educational institutions.

What is a botanist’s job description?

A botanist (plant biologist) is a scientist who studies everything about plants, from microorganisms to massive trees. Plant explorers are botanists who enjoy being outside.

Who is a well-known botanist?

Carl Linnaeus, known as the “Father of Taxonomy,” is one of the most well-known botanists in history. He may be one of the most well-known scientists of all time.

Who can apply for a PhD?

A two-year Master’s OR M. Phil degree in the relevant field from an accredited Indian or international university is usually the minimum requirement for admission to a PhD program. She/he must have received a Master’s degree with a 55 percent or equivalent grade.

Where can a botanist work?

Botanists work for a wide range of organisations, including government research institutes, universities, environmental consulting firms, conservation groups, botanical gardens and collections, and the food industry. Job postings can be found in publications such as New Scientist, Nature, and Horticulture Week.

Is a PhD less expensive than a master’s degree?

To put it another way, a PhD is frequently less expensive than a Master’s degree. There are some caveats: it’s possible that you won’t be offered funding, in that case, PhD becomes expensive.

What exactly is a botany course?

The scientific study of plants, algae, and fungi is the focus of the B.Sc Botany course. It covers a wide range of topics related to plants, including their growth, structure, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, physiology and chemical properties, and general plant anatomy.

Botanists are known to travel?

People who want to work in botany often do so because they enjoy being outside. Botanists frequently visit specific geographical locations and test sites in order to interact with plants. Botanists have the opportunity to travel to various parts of the world and study a variety of landscapes and sceneries.

Is it worthwhile to pursue a botany PhD?

Yes. Plant biologists and botanists would have the same mentoring as advanced biologists. In general, more and more practical your pursuit, the better your job prospects.

Who is called the Mother of Botany?

Who is botany’s mother?
The German botanist Ferdinand Cohn is widely recognized as the “Mother of Botany.”

Are botanists content?

87 percent of those in the botanically inclined group said they were happy, and 89 percent said to do something ‘valuable and useful’ contributed to their happiness.

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