Pharm.D is a six-year doctoral program in science. Pharm.D is the only pre-PhD degree that can be started right after 10+2, which includes five years of academic training and one year of internship training.
Students must complete 10+2 from a recognized college and qualify for a diploma in pharmacy from a Pharm.D college recognized by PCI to be eligible for the course Pharm.D (Pharmacy Council of India). Admission to the Pharm.D program is based on a merit list or an entrance examination. BVCET, MET, GPAT, and other popular entrance exams are examples.
The Doctor of Pharmacy was introduced with the goal of improving clinical pharmacy services in India because it is the only pharmacy service that has direct contact with the patient’s health care system. Students enrolled in the program must complete five years of classroom and hospital-based instructional study programs, as well as ongoing practical and research projects. They must also complete one year of internship training in hospitals.
For freshers, the average annual salary package ranges between INR 3,00,000 and INR 10,00,000. It is dependent on the company’s or organization’s size and location. Community pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, geriatric pharmacy, managed care, governmental agencies, home health care, and others are among the top recruiting firms.
Table of Contents
Pharm.D – An Overview
The duration, eligibility, admission process, colleges, top recruiters, job profiles, fee, and salary are all highlights of the course.
|Type of Course||Doctorate|
|Duration of Course||6 years|
|Type of Examination||Semester wise|
|Eligibility Criteria||10+2 with minimum 50% marks with science stream|
|Process of Admission||Entrance exam|
|Fee for the Course||INR 6,00,000 – INR 20,00,000|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 3,00,000 – INR 10,00,000|
|Top Hiring Firms||Home health care, community pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, geriatric pharmacy, managed care, governmental agencies, etc.|
|Positions of Job||Drug experts, retail pharmacists, hospital pharmacy director, pharmacists, hospital staff pharmacists, clinical pharmacists, etc.|
Pharm.D – Eligibility
To apply for a Pharm.D course, you must meet the following requirements:
- Obtain a minimum grade of 60 percent in 10+2 from a recognized board.
- Reserved categories, such as SC, ST, and OBC, are eligible for up to 5% mark relaxation.
- Candidates who have completed their D.Pharm course with a grade point average of 40 percent or higher are also eligible to pursue the Pharm.D program
- PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) or PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) as subjects are preferred in the science stream.
- As a common entrance test for admission, some colleges and universities have different eligibility criteria.
Pharm.D – Curriculum and Syllabus
The Pharm.D syllabus is divided into semesters. The syllabus is divided into five academic years, with two semesters in each year.
Pharm.D. Course Subjects
|FIRST SEMESTER||SECOND SEMESTER|
|Pharmaceutics||Pharmaceutical organic chemistry|
|Human anatomy & physiology||Pharmaceutical inorganic chemistry|
|Medical biochemistry||Remedial mathematics / biology|
|THIRD SEMESTER||FOURTH SEMESTER|
|Pharmaceutical microbiology||Community pharmacy|
|Pharmacognosy & Phytopharmaceuticals||Pharmacotherapeutics 1|
|FIFTH SEMESTER||SIXTH SEMESTER|
|Pharmaceutical Analysis||Medical chemistry|
|Pharmacology 2||Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence|
|Pharmacotherapeutics 2||Pharmaceutical formulations|
|SEVENTH SEMESTER||EIGHTH SEMESTER|
|Hospital pharmacy||Clinical toxicology|
|Clinical pharmacy||Biostatistics & research methodology|
|Pharmacotherapeutics 3||Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics|
|NINTH SEMESTER||TENTH SEMESTER|
|Pharmacoepidemiology & Pharmacoeconomic||Clerkship project work (6 months)|
|Clinical research||Project work (6 months)|
|Clinical Pharmacokinetics & pharmacotherapeutic drug monitoring||Year 6|
|–||Internship or residency training which includes posting in special units|
Pharm.D – Examination Mode
- Theoretical examinations must last three hours, and practical examinations must last four hours.
- A candidate who fails a subject’s theory or practical examination must retake the subject’s theory and practical examinations.
- A viva-voce examination must be included in the practical examination.
- In the case of a clerkship examination, an oral examination must be held after the students have completed their clerkship.
- The candidates must be evaluated by both an external and internal examiner. Candidates may be asked to present and discuss the assigned medical cases. The candidate’s ability to provide clinical pharmacy services, pharmaceutical care planning, and therapeutic knowledge must all be considered.
Pharm.D – Admission Procedure
Admissions to the top colleges are done mainly through entrance examinations. The admission process generally takes place between May and June of each year.
In the event of admission, however, candidates must complete the following steps:
- The registration form will be available on the respective colleges’ or universities’ official websites.
- Candidates must first register and fill out the necessary application information. The candidates must then complete their admissions form and upload all required documents.
- Students must pay the registration/application fee via the online portal by the deadline and print a receipt for their records.
- Candidates must obtain an admit card and take the entrance exam.
- Some colleges conduct counselling or GD/PI for the final selection.
- Candidates must pay the admission fee and confirm their seat after they have been selected.
Pharm.D – Suitable Candidates
- The Pharm.D program is for those who want to work in the medical field.
- This course is for candidates who want to work with various drug regulatory authorities and prevent medical or drug overdoses.
- This course is required for candidates who want to work in the pharmaceutical industry.
Pharm.D – Focus Areas
The study of pharmaceuticals, medicine, and drug-related practice is covered in depth in the Pharm.D program.
- There are two parts to this course. Academic study is part of the first phase. This stage will last for five years in total. The internship and residency programs, which include pharmacy practice or clinical pharmacy service, are the second stage.
- The Pharmacy Council of India regulates the course, which was introduced in India in 2008.
- The science and art of dispensing medicines are combined in a Doctor of Pharmacy.
- In clinical and medical pharmacy, students are recognized as being practical.
- Students will gain skills in diagnosis, therapeutic drug use, disease treatment, and disease selection, among other things, after completing the course.
- They are in charge of tasks such as patient monitoring, disease diagnosis, and so on.
Pharm.D – Important Skills Required
|Communication skills and Interpersonal skills||Medicinal and scientific research skills|
|Curiosity and Persuasive skills||Business skills like marketing, organizing|
|Science wizard and technical skills||Sharp memory and wicked knowledge|
|Therapeutic and counselling skills||Medical writing and ethics|
|Determinant and consistency skills||Adaptation ability to dynamic situations|
Pharm.D – Preparation Plan
Some preparation tips for passing the respective college and university entrance exams:
- Be familiar with the course’s subject and take the entrance exam.
- Examine previous year’s papers to gain an understanding of the exam format and sections.
- Exam marks, section scores, per-question marks, negative marking, and other information should be kept up-to-date.
- To save and maximize study time, you should administer a weekly test in online mode.
- Strong general awareness as well as English communication and writing skills are required.
- Learn from reference books and the institute’s study materials.
- To improve your chances of getting into your dream college, try to achieve the highest possible score on entrance exams.
- It’s always advantageous to have a strong academic background.
- Enhance your abilities by participating in extracurricular activities.
- During your preparation, be aware of your interests, strengths, and weaknesses.
- To get the best results and improve your soft skills, work on your weak areas.
- Students should be well prepared for the Pharm.D entrance exam in terms of the various aspects. They should prepare ahead of time by reading Pharm.D textbooks and references.
- Students should go to the college’s website and learn everything they can about the Pharm.D program in India. As a result, aspirants are able to adequately cover all of the important aspects of the exam.
- Students should continue to read Pharm.D reference books after being selected in order to maintain a firm grasp of the Pharm.D course.
- Effective time management: A candidate should stick to a schedule that will allow them to prepare on time. To avoid losing marks during the examination, more emphasis should be placed on weaker subjects.
- Regular practice: Practicing throughout the preparation process ensures that the candidate is well-rehearsed and exam-ready.
- Exam pattern debunking: Downloading and practicing previous year’s question papers can help you understand and debunk the pattern of questions asked.
- Enrolling in a coaching program: Taking coaching classes during the preparation process assists the candidate in gaining a clearer path with the assistance of their mentors. Emphasis on weaker subjects also aids in gaining the advantage of high scores across the board.
Pharm.D – Top Institutes
In India, there are over 250 Pharm.D. colleges. Entrance exams are used to determine admission to the majority of Pharm.D colleges. The top Pharm.D colleges in India are listed below.
|Institute Name||Place||Average fees|
|Chandigarh university||Chandigarh||INR 2,00,000||INR 7,10,000|
|NIMS university||Jaipur||INR 1,50,000||INR 4,00,000|
|Manipal college of pharmaceutical sciences||Manipal||INR 4,30,000||INR 4,50,000|
|JSS college of pharmacy||Udhagamandalam||INR 2,84,000||INR 3,20,000|
|LM college of pharmacy||Ahmedabad||INR 1,75,000||INR 3,00,000|
|Goa college of pharmacy||Panji||INR 2,90,000||INR 4,50,000|
|Poona college of pharmacy||Pune||INR 1,75,000||INR 1,20,000|
|MM college of pharmacy||Ambala||INR 1,36,000||INR 1,40,000|
|SRM University of technology||Kanchipuram||INR 5,10,000||INR 8,32,000|
|Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed university||Pune||INR 1,42,000||INR 7,00,000|
Pharm.D – Important Entrance Exams
Candidates must pass national or university-level entrance exams to be admitted to the program. Some of the Pharm.D entrance exams are as follows:
- SRMJEE: It is a university-level entrance test conducted by the SRM Institute of Science and Technology.
- GPAT: NTA conducts a national-level online exam for the duration of 3 hours.
- NIMSEE: It is a 2-hour, national-level exam conducted by NIMS University.
- BV–CET: Bharati Vidyapeeth University conducts common entrance tests at university level.
Pharm.D – Top Foreign Institutes
- Candidates frequently choose to pursue a Pharm.D. at a foreign university because they provide the best infrastructure, research facilities, experienced faculty, and strong placement opportunities.
- Candidates who have completed high school in relevant fields are eligible to apply (in this case, science with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology).
- Candidates must also pass English proficiency tests such as IELTS, PTE, or TOEFL as part of the admissions process.
- Candidates must also submit a copy of their bank statement as well as a letter (or letters) of recommendation.
In the countries listed below, there are a number of institutes that offer a Pharm.D program.
Pharm.D. Institutes in the USA
|Institute Name||Average Annual Fees|
|University of Cincinnati||INR 111,49,460|
|Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences||INR 237,79,107|
|University of Arizona||INR 66,88,213|
|University of Iowa||INR 128,80,803.|
|University of Missouri||INR 166,17,901|
Pharm.D Institutes in the U.K.
|Institute Name||Average Annual Fees|
|University of Liverpool||INR 73,11,346|
|University of Birmingham||INR 72,88,417|
|UK College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky||INR 40,06,183.|
|University of Manchester||INR 75,72,855|
|University of Reading||INR 6,438,521|
Pharm.D Institutes in Canada
|Institute Name||Average Annual Fees|
|University of Toronto||INR 102,59,254|
|McGill University||INR 2,902,428|
|University of British Columbia||INR 16,11,708|
|University of Alberta||INR 10,44,088|
|University of Waterloo||INR 3,765,199|
Pharm.D Institutes in Australia
|Institute Name||Average Annual Fees|
|Flinders University||INR 7,943,638|
|University of Technology Sydney||INR 8,023,485|
|University of Newcastle||INR 9,605,296|
|Curtin University||INR 8,256,208|
|University of Tasmania||INR 8,613,545|
Important Book Recommendations for Pharm.D.
These best-selling books will assist you in your Pharm.D studies. These books will help you understand the topics better.
|Book Name||Author’s Name|
|Handbook of drug information||Lacy Armstrong|
|Hospital & clinical pharmacy||Paradkar, Siddique, Yadav|
|Pharmacy practice||Harikishan Singh,|
|Clinical pharmacology||Roger walker|
|Anatomy & physiology||Toro – Toro|
Higher Studies after Pursuing a Pharm.D
Pharm.D degree holders who do not want to start working right after graduation have a variety of educational options. When it comes to entering the job market, higher education experience guarantees a higher pay scale. With more experience in higher education, your research skills improve, making you a highly sought-after candidate for a variety of positions.
The following are some of the higher education options available to Pharm.D graduates:
Pharm.D – Areas of Specialization
Students enrolled in the Pharm.D program must follow a standard curriculum set forth by the Pharmacy Council of India. However, after completing the Doctor of Pharmacy program, candidates can choose from a variety of specializations based on their interests and preferences. Pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical microbiology, pharmacognosy, phytopharmaceuticals, pharmaceutical analysis, medicinal biochemistry, and clinical research are all areas of study for the Doctor of Pharmacy.
Candidates can choose from the following fields based on their own interests after studying all of the aforementioned fields:
- Pharmaceutical technology: Pharmaceutical technology is the application of scientific knowledge to the development of new drug and process manufacturing methods.
- Pharmaceutical chemistry: Pharmaceutical chemistry is concerned with the research and development of drugs. This field includes drug development, delivery, human consumption, and metabolic reactions. Pharmaceutical chemistry includes biomedical analysis, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics.
- Drug discovery and development:New drugs are discovered in drug discovery and development by recognizing an active constituent from a traditional medicine or remedy, or by accident, as with penicillin.
- Industrial pharmacy:The manufacturing, development, promotion, and distribution of drugs to end users are all aspects of industrial pharmacy.
- Pharmacology: Pharmacology is the branch of pharmacy concerned with the study of drugs and their administration. It is concerned with drug science and its effects on the human body.
Pharm.D & B.Pharm. – Key Differences
Here is a comparison of Pharm.D and B.Pharmacy courses based on the following: course, duration, admission process, eligibility, colleges, top recruiters, job profiles, fees, salary, and other factors.
|Basis of Comparison||Doctor of Pharmacy||Bachelor of Pharmacy|
|Highlight||The science and art of dispensing medicines are combined in a Doctor of Pharmacy. Clinical and medical pharmacy students are recognized as practical.||Candidates who want to open their own pharmacy or work in the research industry should take this course. It also teaches about medicines, drugs, and formulations, among other things.|
|Duration of Course||6 years||4 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||10+2 with minimum 60% marks in science stream||10+2 with minimum 50% marks in science stream|
|Process of Admission||Entrance exam||Entrance exam|
|Top Institutes||NIMS university, Chandigarh university, Manipal college of pharmaceutical sciences, Etc.||Jamia Hamdard, panjab university, BITS Pilani, etc.|
|Roles of Job||Pharmacists, drug experts, retail pharmacists, hospital pharmacy director, hospital staff pharmacists, clinical pharmacists, etc.||Drug inspector, medical writer, pharmaceutical scientist, pharmacy business, etc.|
|Average Annual fees||INR 6,00,000 – INR 20,00,000||INR 4,00,000 – INR 5,00,000|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 3,00,000 – INR 10,00,000||INR 2,50,000 – 6,00,000|
|Top Hiring Firms||Home health care, community pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, geriatric pharmacy, managed care, governmental agencies, etc.||Hospitals, government drug research institutes, medical clinics, etc.|
Pharm.D – Top Job Profiles
Pharmacists, drug experts, retail pharmacists, hospital pharmacy directors, hospital staff pharmacists, clinical pharmacists, and other professions are available after earning a PharmD. The various career paths are described in detail below, along with the roles they play and the average annual salary they earn.
|Profiles of Job||Description of Job||Average annual salary|
|Pharmacist||A pharmacist’s job is to make sure that the medicines that are given to patients are correct and of good quality. They must advise patients on how to take medications, when to take them, and how to take them.||INR 2,88,000|
|Hospital pharmacy director||The hospital pharmacy director’s responsibilities include drug distribution, drug control, medication safety, clinical services such as patient care, and so on.||INR 3,90,000|
|Retail pharmacist||Retail pharmacists are responsible for dispensing and controlling both prescribed and non-prescribed medications. They place orders for medicines and other supplies and sell them.||INR 1,97,000|
|Drug expert||A drug expert’s job is to propose medication use policies, rules, and regulations. They ensure that the health-care system improves. distributing medication information in the form of newsletters||INR 5,80,000|
|Clinical pharmacists||Clinical pharmacists’ job is to look after patients and keep track of their health. Assesses the efficacy of patients’ medications.||INR 3,09,000|
Some other important areas of employment are-
- Govt./Pvt. Hospitals
- Colleges & Universities
- Medical Dispensing Stores
- Health Centers
- Pharmaceutical Firms
- A Clinical Pharmacist and a Retail Pharmacist
- Food and Drug Administration
- Drug Inspector
- Analytical Chemist
- Drug Inspector
- Non-Profit Organization
- The Drug Control Administration
- Research Agencies
- Retail Pharmacist
- Clinical Pharmacist
Pharm.D – Benefits and Scope
- Community involvement: Pharmacists play an important role in the community by contributing to the health and well-being of patients and residents. They also catered to minorities.
- Many career options: This field offers a wide range of career opportunities. Pharmacists can work in a variety of settings, including businesses, nursing homes, hospitals, colleges, and the medical field.
- They are a member of the healthcare team and collaborate with other professionals to ensure that care is delivered in a consistent manner. They contribute significantly to the reduction of chronic disease management. They work in clinics as well, counselling patients.
- Growth: The pharmacy industry is growing at a fast pace these days. According to a report by IBEF, India’s pharmacy industry is expected to grow to USD 65 billion by 2024 and double to USD 130 billion by 2030. As a result, more job opportunities are created.
- Flexibility: Work hours are flexible, which helps to balance work and personal life. There are day shifts, night shifts, seven-on-seven-off shifts, and so on. You can work either of the shifts that are most convenient for you.
- Work provides autonomy because you can choose your workplace and working hours. You can work for someone else or start your own company.
- Pharma.D. allows you to use the title ‘Dr.’ before your name when practicing pharmacy.
- Under the Pharmacy Act, a Pharm.D is a registrable qualification for practicing pharmacy.
- Candidates can pursue a Ph.D. program after completing their Pharm.D. program.
- Pharm.D. is now a financially rewarding career choice, thanks to advancements in technology and medical research, as well as the fact that healthcare has become one of the most important and urgent human services. Students who do not want to enter the job market right after graduation can pursue advanced degrees such as a PhD, M.Phil, MBA, MPH, MD, MS, and so on. Pharm.D. job opportunities are diverse, with opportunities in pharmaceutical services, hospitals, medical research, drug testing laboratories, and other fields available after graduation.
- Community Involvement: Pharmacists are in high demand in the country because their advice and prescriptions are trusted. Pharmacists study and train for years to understand the world of Pharm.D courses and their applications. This instills confidence in patients who may be hesitant to see a doctor for a minor ailment and instead rely on the expert’s pharmaceutical advice. Along with being a highly respected profession, it also pays well, which encourages Pharm.D graduates to become more involved in their cause.
- Oncology: Patients with cancer are reliant on a variety of medications to help them fight their illnesses. Professionals in this field are in high demand to assist medical specialists and advise cancer patients because cancer treatment is one of the most complicated and ever-changing disciplines in the pharmacy industry. They may also be called upon to assist and monitor patients undergoing experimental drug treatments.
- Nuclear Pharmacy: Nuclear pharmacy is the branch of pharmacy that deals with radioactive drugs. These drugs are used in procedures such as PET scans and treatment procedures for diseases such as cancer. Nuclear pharmacists have the knowledge and skills to carefully manage and administer these drugs.
- Psychiatric Pharmacy:Pharmacists who specialize in psychiatric medications investigate how these drugs interact with other medications and assist medical specialists in prescribing these medications by assisting them in correctly identifying the conditions in which the drugs will be effective and beneficial. They are trained in the specializations of psychiatric drug side effects and treatment plans, as well as the costs of these medications and how to support and assist individuals in finding cost-effective alternatives.
- Pediatric Pharmacy: Candidates who choose to specialize in pediatric pharmacy must learn about drugs that are prescribed for children under the age of 18. They must learn how to adjust a child’s dosage and which drugs are safe to administer to children. These experts also work with families to educate them on health and wellness issues that affect children.
Yes, the Pharm.D program is a good career choice because it is in high demand and provides good, profitable career opportunities.
It is a subjective question, but yes, a Pharm.D is worth the money a student invests because they will earn a high salary after completing the program.
Pharm.D is the abbreviation for “Doctor of Pharmacy.” It is a doctorate-level degree earned by aspiring pharmacists in medical school and is comparable to a medical doctorate. Other countries, such as Canada, have different requirements for becoming a registered pharmacist, such as a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy.
Pharm.D is better than B.Pharmacy because Pharm.D is a specialized doctoral program, whereas B.Pharmacy is an undergraduate pharmacy program.
A Pharm.D is a specialized doctoral program in pharmacy focused on work placement, whereas a PhD in Pharmacy is a science-focused doctoral program.
Pharm.D graduates work in pharmacies dispensing medications such as intravenous antibiotics, pain relievers, dietary supplements, and chemotherapy. Pharmacists frequently monitor their patients’ progress and make changes to their medications as needed.
To operate a medical shop, you must first earn your Pharm.D., then register with your state pharmacy council and obtain a license (which takes about 45 days after registration), after which you can open a medical store.
Graduates of pharmacy schools can work as research associates, teachers, lecturers, and other positions in colleges and universities all over the world. As a result, candidates can work as pharmacists in biotech companies alongside graduates from India’s best biotech colleges.
Students who have passed the 12th Science board examination can enroll in a regular Pharm D program. B Pharm graduates can enroll in a Post-Baccalaureate Pharm D program. The course covers both traditional pharmacy topics and clinical pharmacy practices. This is why this program is referred to as an “integrated course.”
The Pharm.D program provides a good return on investment because there are numerous job opportunities available after completion. Candidates can work as pharmacists in both public and private hospitals. Jobs are also available at non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that work in the health sector, particularly in rural areas.
Yes, it is a difficult course, but if you are interested in learning about life sciences, chemistry, and other topics, it will be very simple for you. Pharm-D is a five-year program that includes 110 credit hours of coursework.
NEET isn’t required in pharmacies. Other entrance exams are held by institutes or the government. This is how you can get into pharmacy school.
Yes, Pharma. D is allowed to open a clinic to practice clinical pharmacy, but not medicine. A bachelor’s degree in medicine and surgery is required for diagnosis and treatment. Holders of a PhD can only run a pharmacy and conduct research.
Yes, you certainly can! However, you must first register as a pharmacist with your state pharmacy council and then obtain a license for retail drug sales from your state drug control department.