A postgraduate medical rehabilitation program is known as an M.D. in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation or a Doctor of Medicine in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. It is a three-year Post-Graduate (PG) program that focuses on medical physiotherapy and rehabilitation. It primarily treats patients with amputations, spinal cord injuries, strokes, traumatic pain, brain injuries, and other debilitating injuries.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) is extremely beneficial to people suffering from physical disabilities and disfigurements all over the world. These can be present at birth or develop later in life as a result of sports injuries, accidents, or other events. These conditions can’t always be cured, but in the vast majority of cases, they can be greatly improved, if not completely cured. In this regard, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) play a critical role.
A degree in M.B.B.S. from a recognized university with a minimum grade point average of 45 percent (40 percent in the case of SC/ST candidates) is required for admission to the MD program. Candidates who successfully complete their PG can expect to earn between INR 3 lac and INR 6 lac. Aside from that, candidates can go on to work in government or private clinics and hospitals.
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MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: An Overview
For your convenience, we’ve compiled a list of the course’s major highlights.
|Level of Course||Post Graduation|
|Duration of Course||3 years|
|Type of Examination||Semester System/Year wise|
|Eligibility Criteria||MBBS with 45 to 55% marks in aggregate from a recognized University|
|Process of Admission||Merit-based/ Entrance test|
|Fee for the Course||INR 10 Lacs to 25 Lacs|
|Average Salary in the beginning||INR 3 lacs to 6 lacs per annum|
|Top Hiring Firms||Jaypee healthcare, Fortis Medicare, AIIMS, Armed forces of India, Apollo healthcare,Government healthcare units|
|Top Areas of Recruitment||Research and Development, Medicine development, Disease diagnosis, Sports and nutrition, health care industry|
|Positions of Job||Medication and Rehabilitation in charge, Assistant Medical office, Epidemiological analyst, Senior Medical officer (after 7 to 10 years of practice)|
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Eligibility Criteria
The minimum criteria that candidates interested in pursuing the course must meet in order to be eligible to apply for the course are listed below.
- A candidate must have earned an M.B.B.S degree from a nationally recognized central or state university.
- At the graduation (M.B.B.S level), a minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) is required.
- Before beginning the course, the candidates should have passed the final year exams (for final year M.B.B.S candidates only).
- All other eligibility criteria, as revised by the college/university from time to time, must be met by candidates.
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Focus Areas
- The process of training medical graduates in the field of anatomical science so that they can practice on human bodies is the focus of the MD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation course.
- Students must have a basic understanding of physical impairments and disabilities in order to focus on improving the functionality and performance of the affected area through proper medication and rehabilitation.
- The course covers a comprehensive examination of patient care, clinical care, clinical rehabilitation, timely medication, and disease epidemiological and environmental factors. The course’s goal is to turn a medical graduate into a skilled medical practitioner.
- Subjects related to the following functional areas of the human body are taught to students enrolled in the course.
- Musculoskeletal pain management.
- Electro-diagnostic medicine
- Surgical rehabilitation
- Intervention Physiatry
- Cancer rehabilitation
- Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation
- Lifestyle disease modification
- Amputee care
- Rheumatologic rehabilitation
The course’s scope and functional area are quite broad, encompassing the entire human body without delving too deeply into any single organ or aspect of the human body’s structure.
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Admission Procedure
The NEET PG exam has been made the only criterion for admission to all MD disciplines offered by both private and public medical colleges in India.However, for admission to the Doctorate of Medicine (MD) (Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation) program, some national medical colleges, such as AIIMS and JIPMER, hold a separate entrance exam.
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Syllabus
The curriculum and subjects for the MD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation course are divided into two parts. The course’s syllabus is broken down into parts and tabulated here.
|General Physical medicine and Rehabilitation||Clinical training|
|Research methodology Physiatry||Foot wears and foot wears modification|
|Occupational therapy||Traumatic brain injury|
|Post surgical orthopedic||Rehabilitation of post orthopedic condition|
|Stroke and other Neurological diseases||Clinical training|
|Pediatric diseases||Rehabilitation of children with brain damage and other disease|
|Cardio-respiratory disease||Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation|
|Musculoskeletal and Rheumatologic disease||Rehabilitation of endocrine and metabolic diseases|
|Other rehabilitation||Rehabilitation of geriatric patients|
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Important Skills Required
Physical medicine and rehabilitation workers require a variety of skills in addition to a thorough understanding of the human body and prior experience in the field. Among these abilities are:
- Communication Skills: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation students must have excellent communication skills. They must communicate effectively and efficiently, as well as maintain positive relationships with both patients and team members.
- Muscle-Power: Muscle power is also important in this course because rehabilitators will be massaging and exercising various parts of their patients’ bodies. To help the patient effectively, you’ll need a lot of stamina and muscle power.
- Teamwork Skills: In Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, teamwork skills are also very important. These doctors frequently collaborate closely in order to provide the best possible care to their patients. Doctors must be able to tell when to defer to authority and when to take command, without ego or personal issues getting in the way.
- Empathy: Workers in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation must strike a balance between empathy and objectivity. They must be compassionate toward the patients and strive to comprehend their daily struggles. They must also be courteous and compassionate towards the patients. If they become overly emotional, however, they may develop a sense of guilt, which is harmful to both the rehabilitator and the patient.
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Top Academic Institutions
Some of the best institutes in India that offer the program are listed below.
|INSTITUTE||PLACE||Average Annual Fees|
|AIIMS||Delhi||INR 1,927 (plus 1,000 for hostel fee)|
|Kerala Health University||Trivandrum||INR 7.5 lacs|
|Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research||Pune||INR 30,000|
|Government college||Kozhikode||INR 64, 000|
|Christian Medical College||Coimbatore||INR 116, 950 (Per year)|
|Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham||Chennai||INR 25 Lacs|
|Maulana Azad medical College||Delhi||INR 48,300 (Per year)|
|AIIMPR||Mumbai||INR 50,000 (Per year)|
|Maharashtra University||Mumbai||INR 66,950 (Per Year)|
|Banglore medical college and research institute||Banglore||INR 95,000 (Per Year)|
|Kasturba Medical college||Manglore||INR 12.5 Lacs|
|Kasturba Medical college||Banglore||INR 14.2 Lacs|
|KIMS||Banglore||INR 5.01 Lacs|
|Sharda University||Greater Noida||INR 1.53 Lacs per year|
|St. John’s medical college||Banglore||INR 1.52 Lacs|
|JSS University||Mysore||INR 11.3 Lacs|
|Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical college||Pune||INR 1,725,000 (Per year)|
|Sri Ramchandra University||Chennai||INR 5 lacs|
Future Trends in MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
With the advancement of technology and the introduction of new machines, it is safe to predict that many new trends in physical medicine and rehabilitation will emerge. Physical medicine rehabilitators’ jobs are being made easier by new tools and equipment, artificial intelligence, and robotics. These services are also more easily accessible than before.
Rehabilitators are increasingly collaborating with other doctors and specialists to provide their patients with better and more specialized service and care. The medical field is constantly evolving, and these disabilities will continue to exist, resulting in a high demand for PMR students. With the advancement of medical technology, many new trends in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation will emerge.
Suitable Candidates for the Course
- It aids in the provision of high-quality care for patients suffering from acute, chronic, or cancer pain in both hospital and ambulatory settings, whether as a primary physician or consultant.
- This course is appropriate for those who want to contribute to issues such as people with disabilities, political issues, and empowerment of people with disabilities, as well as the social and economic status of people with disabilities, attitudes toward disability, disability legislation, and participatory development.
- In this position, they must be self-directed, highly motivated, detail-oriented, and well-organized.
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Important Entrance Exams
All students interested in physical medicine and rehabilitation or other medical fields must take the NEET exam. To receive their admit card, they must apply for the NEET exam and complete all procedures. They can take the exam after receiving this. The student’s NEET scores will determine the level of institution to which he or she will be admitted. The better the level, the higher the score. This exam, too, is entirely merit-based.
After the merit-based selection process is completed, the students who have been selected will be contacted for counseling based on their ranking. Based on their NEET scores, students will be asked to choose their preferred colleges. For M.B.B.S. students, this is the procedure.
NEET has been made mandatory in both government and private colleges to pursue an MD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. However, some large universities, such as AIIMS and JIPMER, continue to use entrance exams and procedures to select qualified candidates.
Some of the important entrance exams are:
- The National Testing Agency administers the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET). It is an entrance exam for all students interested in studying medicine or dentistry in India, whether at government or private colleges. It consists of 180 multiple-choice questions with negative feedback.
- The AIIMS conducts the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Post Graduate entrance exam for all students interested in studying medical and dental courses at the college.
- The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) conducts an entrance exam for students interested in studying medicine or dentistry at JIPMER.
MD Physical Science and Rehabilitation: Top Job Profiles
Qualified candidates work in a variety of settings, including primary health care, general medicine, disease diagnosis, and epidemiology.Candidates can also find plenty of opportunities in the government sector. Candidates are eligible to apply for positions in government hospitals, as well as primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare facilities. Doctors are also recruited by the Defense Forces for Armed Forces Medical Services, where they are expected to provide medical services to the country’s armed forces.
Candidates can also apply for government jobs by taking the UPSC’s Combined Medical Service (CMS) exam. The exam provides the opportunity to work as a medical officer in various health institutions run by the federal government.Laboratories, pharmaceuticals, surgery, skeletal injury treatment, cancer treatment, research and development, and other fields all require specialists in this field.
The following is a list of some of the most common professional paths open to successful course graduates, along with the corresponding salaries.
|Position of Job||Description of Job||Average Salary|
|Physical Therapist Assistant||It entails providing therapeutic care to patients with permanent or temporary disabilities. An assistant’s work is overseen by a senior physical therapist.||2.8-3 lacs|
|Epidemiological analyst||Deals with the study and research of various diseases, as well as the socio-cultural, biological, and environmental factors that contribute to their occurrence. It’s primarily a research and analysis position.||3 to 4 lacs|
|Primary Health care attendant||It is a government job in which the primary responsibility is to look after patients who come to the local primary health care facility. It primarily deals with the treatment of acute illnesses such as pain, dysentery, and diarrhoea, as well as the administration of vaccinations ( like polio vaccine )||3.2 to 4 lacs|
|Diagnostic and Medication in charge||Deals with the diagnosis of human body parts that are exhibiting disabilities symptoms. Creating a patient’s record and prescribing medication||3.5 to 4.2 lacs|
|Medical Officer||The job description calls for the person to be in a leadership position. He or she is appointed as the head of a civilian, military, or other health-care organisation. The key responsibilities entrusted to an officer are to maintain coordination among officials and to ensure that the process runs smoothly. In most cases, these positions are filled through a competitive examination.||4.5 lacs|
Some other important employment areas and opportunities.
- Teacher and lecturer
- Occupational Therapist
- Residential Care Facilities
- Health Centres
- Special Schools
- Rehabilitation Officer
- Community Mental Health Centres
- Calicut Medical College
- Sports Teams
- Adult Daycare Programs
- Private Clinics
MD Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Benefits and Scope
- Physical medicine and rehabilitation have a broad scope both within and outside of the United States. It offers a comprehensive and integrated approach to care, treatment, and rehabilitation. It aids in the management and control of neurological, musculoskeletal, and cardiopulmonary disabilities and functions that can occur at any time during one’s life.
- Disabilities and injuries affect a large number of people all over the world, expanding the scope of the problem beyond the borders of the country. Physical medicine and rehabilitation students are in high demand to assist these individuals in leading dignified and independent lives.
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is also involved in the prevention and certification of disabilities. This course opens up a variety of job opportunities for students, making it a worthwhile study option. There are jobs available in both the public and private sectors.
- The course can help patients improve their functional abilities in a variety of settings, including the classroom, the workplace, athletic competition fields, the home, and many others.
- They can also choose NGOs that work to help children, the elderly, and the disabled, and they can work independently to provide home healthcare.
MD in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Eligibility
Candidate must have earned an M.B.B.S degree from a nationally recognized central or state university.
At the graduation (M.B.B.S level), a minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) is required.
B.P.T does not qualify you to pursue a career in medicine. You can, however, earn a master’s degree in physiotherapy in a variety of fields, including neurology, cardiology, orthopedics, and sport sciences.
Physiatrists, or physicians who specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation, treat a wide range of medical conditions affecting the nerves, bones, joints, brain, spinal cord, ligaments, muscles, and tendons.
A physiatrist’s lifestyle can vary depending on practice setup and location, but it is generally considered to be well balanced in comparison to other medical specialties. We also have a high level of employee satisfaction. With plenty of free time and family time, PM&R is a very family friendly field.
Physiatrists are doctors who specialise in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), a medical field that deals with assessing and treating patients who have lost their functional abilities.
While PM&R is a fantastic specialty, it isn’t for everyone. It moves at a slower pace and requires a lot of patience. After all, rehab is a lengthy process.
A doctor with an MD or MS degree who has passed PG medical exams in India is on average 31 years old. By the time a student reaches the age of 24, he or she has passed the bachelor level exam in medicine and has earned an M.B.B.S degree. The postgraduate medical program lasts an additional three years.
MS vs. MD: What’s the Difference?
“MS is for fields that necessitate surgical expertise and skills. MD is primarily a non-surgical field, but surgery can be a part of some branches. An M.B.B.S graduate can pursue an MS or MD degree in a variety of fields.
In addition, there is a significant wage disparity. When you are an MBBS graduate, you can expect to earn anywhere from INR 30,000 to INR 1 lakh per month, just like in most other fields. In India, however, an MD earns between INR 2 and 20 lakhs, and an MS earns between INR 4 and 35 lakhs.
The primary distinction between the M.B.B.S and the MD is that the M.B.B.S is an undergraduate course pursued by candidates who wish to pursue a career in medicine. MD, on the other hand, is a postgraduate course available to candidates who have completed their M.B.B.S.
University of South California (USA), University of Ottawa (Canada), The University of North Texas (USA), McGill University (Canada), University of Birmingham (UK), University of Lancashire (USA), and Harvard Medical School (USA) are among the best colleges abroad for PMR.
PMR covers a variety of well-paying occupations. Physiatrists, physical therapists, medical officers, respiratory therapists, speech and language therapists, Occupational therapists, surgical rehabilitation, and other professionals fall into this category.
After a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physician diagnoses the problem, they develop a comprehensive treatment plan that can be followed at home or with the assistance of rehabilitation specialists, depending on the severity of the condition. There are several specialists in this field who specialize in rehabilitating various body parts. As a result, this physician plays a critical role in rehabilitation.
All India Institute of Medical Science (Delhi), All India Institute of Physical Medical and Rehabilitation (Mumbai), Christian Medical College (Vellore), Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (Pondicherry),and Kerala University of Health Sciences (Kerala) are among the best colleges for PMR in India.
A student must complete 5.5 years of M.B.B.S training before moving on to 3 years of MD in PMR. They will also be required to complete postgraduate internships or residency training before the course is completed.