A postgraduate medicine course in T.B. and Chest is the Doctor of Medicine in T.B. and Chest. The course will produce a competent chest physician who recognizes the health needs of patients with chest complaints and fulfills professional obligations in accordance with National Health Policy principles and professional ethics. It is a two-year postgraduate program for eligible postgraduate students.
Tuberculosis is one of the primary causes of a variety of diseases in this country. Because of the increased number of cars, vehicles, factories, and other factors, our country’s pollution level has risen.
As a result, the impurities and toxic materials in the air are rapidly increasing. Those materials will find their way into our chests and lungs, causing diseases. As these issues become more prevalent, our country’s medical department is now dealing with a greater number of patients. For the same reason, the TB and chest diseases health department is expanding.
The course combines theoretical and practical aspects of the study. The goal of the MD in Tuberculosis and Respiratory Medicine program is to produce competent medical doctors who understand the health needs of patients with chest problems. Universities, hospitals, clinics, governmental organizations, and research organizations are all good places for such graduates to work. The program is divided into four 6-month semesters, and interested candidates can enroll in the course in India for an average course fee of INR 1 to 6 lacs, depending on the institute. Admission to the program is usually granted based on a candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam and a subsequent round of counseling.
Postgraduates in this field can pursue lucrative career opportunities in both the public and private sectors, in fields such as:
- medical labs, etc.
- Research and medical institutes
- Hospitals, clinics
- Military Healthcare Services
Table of Contents
MD in TB and Chest: An Overview
The following are some of the course’s major highlights.
|Level of Course||Postgraduate|
|Duration of Course||2 Years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Graduation (MBBS or equivalent degree)|
|Type of Examination||Semester System|
|Procedure of Admission||Counseling after qualification of entrance exam|
|Total Fee for the Course||INR 1 to 6 Lacs|
|Top Areas of Recruitment||Medical Institutes, Government Hospitals, Research Institutes,Military Healthcare Services, Medical Labs, Private Hospitals, Healthcare Institutions, Private Clinic, etc.|
|Positions of Job||Technical Assistant, Research Associate,National Consultant, Junior Research Scientist, Lecturer, Professor, Associate Lecturer, and such.|
|Average Salary in the Beginning||INR 3 to 12 Lacs|
|Major Entrance Exams||AIIMS PG, PGIMER Entrance Exam, CMC Vellore PG,NEET PG, JIPMER PG, UPSEE, etc.|
MD in TB and Chest Eligibility Criteria
The minimum criteria that candidates interested in pursuing the course must meet in order to be eligible to apply for the course are listed below.
- Post-graduation (M.B.B.S or equivalent degree) from a Medical Council of India-approved institution (MCI).
- At the graduation level, a minimum aggregate score of 55 percent is required (50 percent for SC/ST/OBC candidates is required).
- A minimum of 12 months of professional experience is preferred, as most reputable institutes prefer candidates who have worked before.
MD in TB and Chest Syllabus
A semester-by-semester breakdown of the course’s syllabus is provided below.
|FIRST SEMESTER||SECOND SEMESTER|
|Applied Basic Science in Tuberculosis||Tuberculosis – Pulmonary|
|Applied Basic Science in Respiratory Diseases||Tuberculosis – Extra Pulmonary|
|Recent Advances in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases||Non-tuberculosis respiratory diseases|
|Development and Ageing of Respiratory System||Vocal Cord Dysfunction|
|Allergic Diseases||Sleep Related Disorders|
|SEMESTER THIRD||SEMESTER FOUR|
|Tuberculosis Control Programme||Immunology and Defense Mechanisms|
|Latent Tuberculosis (TB) Infections||Occupational and Environmental Diseases|
|Non-Tuberculosis Respiratory Infections||Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Diseases|
|Latrogenic Diseases||Acute Injury|
|Respiratory Failure||Respiratory Diseases and Pregnancy|
|Orphan Lung Diseases||Symptoms and Signs|
MD in TB and Chest Admission Procedure
In most of the colleges and institutes that offer the course, admission is granted based on a candidate’s performance on a relevant entrance exam, which may be administered at the state, national, or institutional level and is followed by a round of counseling.
Two additional rounds of group discussion and a personal interview follow the round of counseling, in which the candidate’s general aptitude for the course is assessed. Following that, the institute issues a merit list, which allocates available seats to qualified candidates.
MD in TB and Chest: Focus Areas
The course is designed to provide advanced lessons in the following areas to eligible aspiring candidates:
- Methods and technologies used in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of tuberculosis and other respiratory diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, and others.
- ways and methodologies for recognizing the disease’s and those affected’s social, economic, environmental, biological, and emotional determinants.
- To provide proper care, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, preventive, and primitive measures are used.
- Physical examination, history, and investigative research or work are used to diagnose illness.
- Using rational drug therapy principles, they plan and deliver comprehensive treatment for illnesses.
MD in TB and Chest: Important Documents Required
- Mark-list of the last qualifying degree examination
- A character certificate (from the head of the institute from which the student has obtained his qualifying degree)
- Migration Certificate (No objection certificate from the university last attended)
- Documentary proof of the date of birth
- passing/degree certificate of the last qualifying degree examination.
- Research Proposal
- Gap certificate (if applicable)
- No objection certificate from the employer (if employed)
Students should be aware that if the aforementioned certificates are not attached to their application, their application will not be taken into account for admission.
MD in TB and Chest: Important Entrance Exams
The following are some of the most important entrance exams for admission to courses that are held in India.
- CMC Vellore PG (CMC Vellore Post Graduate Entrance Exam)
- JIPMER PG (JIPMER Post Graduate Entrance Exam)
- COMEDK PG Medical Admissions
- UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam).
- PGIMER Entrance Exam (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research)
- NEET PG (National Eligibility & Entrance Test) for Post Graduate Courses
- AIIMS PG (All India Institute of Medical Sciences Post Graduate Entrance Exam)
MD in TB and Chest: Suitable Candidates for the Course
- To practice evidence-based pediatrics, applicants should also be able to develop skills as self-directed learners, recognize continuing educational needs, use appropriate learning resources, and critically analyze relevant published literature.
- Students should be able to document case details as well as morbidity and mortality data relevant to the situation they are working on.
- Candidates who want to identify a patient’s social, economic, environmental, biological, and emotional determinants and implement diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, preventive, and primitive measures to provide holistic care should take this course.
- They must be able to recognize the patient’s social, economic, environmental, biological, and emotional determinants and implement diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, and preventative measures.
MD in TB and Chest: Top Academic Institutions
A postgraduate degree in the field is offered by a large number of private and government medical colleges in India. The names and contact information for such colleges, as well as their locations and annual fees, are listed below.
|INSTITUTE NAME||PLACE||AVERAGE ANNUAL FEE|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)||New Delhi||INR 1,944 (course)|
|Christian Medical College (CMC)||Vellore||INR 1,17,000 (course)|
|Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC)||Pune||INR 64,400 (course)|
|Maulana Azad Medical College||New Delhi||INR 10,000 (course)|
|Madras Medical College (MMC)||Chennai||INR 13,667 (course)|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)||Pondicherry||INR 6,200 (course)|
|Lady Harding Medical College (LHMC)||New Delhi||INR 10,000 (course)|
|Grant Medical College (GMC)||Mumbai||INR 82,400 (course)|
|King George’s Medical University (KGMU)||Lucknow||INR 39,047 (course)|
|Sri Ramachandra University||Chennai||INR 14,00,000 (course)|
|Seth GS Medical College (GSMC)||Mumbai||INR 29,600 (course)|
|Government Medical College (GMC)||Amritsar||INR 11,000 (course)|
|Institute of Medical Sciences (IMC)||Varanasi||Not Mentioned|
|Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (MGIMS)||Wardha||INR 60,167 (course)|
|Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College (LTMMC)||Mumbai||INR 86,865 (course)|
|Christian Medical College (CMC)||Ludhiana||INR 1,33,000 (course)|
|Osmania Medical College (OMC)||Hyderabad||INR 66,666 (course)|
|Byram Jee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJMC)||Pune||INR 72,650 (course)|
|Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (IPGMER)||Kolkata||INR 10,000 (course)|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research institute (BMCRI)||Bangalore||INR 95,000 (course)|
|B.J. Medical College (BJMC)||Ahmedabad||INR 3,000 (course)|
|Government Medical College/ Rajindra Hospital (GMCP)||Patiala||INR 43,333 (course)|
MD in TB and Chest: Average Estimated Salary
People working in the TB and chest disease fields earn an average of Rs. 2–6 lakh per year. However, depending on the location, job profile, or experience, the salary can be increased or decreased.
|Profile of Job||Average Salary Per Annum|
|Specialist Doctor||Rs. 3-5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)|
|Health Consultant||Rs. 3-3.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)|
|Epidemiologist||Rs. 2.5-3.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)|
|Medical officer||Rs. 4.5-5.5 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)|
|Researcher||Rs. 3.5-3.8 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)|
MD in TB and Chest: Number of Government Institutes
There are a total of 81 government medical colleges in India that offer this course. The number of post-graduation pulmonary medicine seats in government colleges is approximately 344 in different states of the country. The medical colleges in Rajasthan have the maximum number of pulmonary medicine seats i.e., 42. The state-wise seat distribution of Tb and chest in government medical colleges is given in the table below.
|NAME OF THE STATE||NO. OF GOVERNMENT INSTITUTES||NO. OF GOVERNMENT SEATS|
|JAMMU & KASHMIR||0||0|
There has been a lot of research in the fields of tuberculosis and chest diseases because the rate of increase of these diseases is rapidly increasing. Many medicines and drugs have been discovered that can cure this disease, and more research is being conducted to reduce the number of cases as well as to aid in the recovery of patients.
MD in TB and Chest: Number Private Institutions
There are a total of 95 private medical colleges in India that offer MD in Chest Medicine courses. Private medical colleges have a total of 254 TB and chest medicine seats in different states of the country. Andhra Pradesh has the maximum number of seats for chest medicine, i.e., 39. State-wise TB and chest seat availability in private medical colleges is given below in the table. Search:
|NAME OF THE STATE||NO. OF PRIVATE COLLEGES||NO. OF PRIVATE SEATS|
|JAMMU & KASHMIR||0||0|
MD in TB and Chest: Top Job Profiles
Tuberculosis and respiratory medicine specialists are in high demand around the world due to the rise in lung and chest-related diseases, particularly in India, which is the world’s tuberculosis capital. Professionally, such postgraduates can fill positions such as:
- Private practitioners
- Lecturer/Professor in leading universities and medical colleges
The basic job responsibilities and salaries associated with each role are listed below, along with some of the popular professional avenues open to such postgraduates.
|PROFILE OF JOB||DESCRIPTION OF JOB||AVERAGE SALARY|
|Pulmonologists||Pulmonologists are experts in the study and treatment of respiratory diseases, and they’re in charge of testing pulmonary function and the factors that affect it. They perform physical examinations, diagnose and treat respiratory diseases, and suggest dietary, exercise, and habitat changes to reduce allergies and improve oxygenation and health. They treat lung cancer, acute complications of respiratory failure, Bronchitis, Cancer, Asthma, Tuberculosis, and other diseases.||INR 4 to 15 Lacs|
|National Consultant||National Consultants are in charge of coordinating and promoting activities and advocacy related to medical quality. They estimate the needs for improving the quality of health-care services and assist with the implementation of technical protocols and clinical standards. They also assist with training need assessments and plan training activities in collaboration with training institutes, among other things.||INR 4 10 Lacs|
|Technical Assistant||Technical Assistants take patients’ pulses, temperatures, respiration rates, and weight, among other things, to observe, monitor, and record their conditions. They assist with clinical duties and communicate with patients and their families. They also provide personal care such as infection control, personal hygiene, food, and overall reassurance, comfort, and safety.||INR 3 to 9 Lacs|
|Professor||Teaching, research, and service are typically divided among a professor’s responsibilities. They are academic experts in one or more fields, and keeping up with current research activities in their field is part of their job.||INR 4 to 8 Lacs|
|Lecturer||Lecturers are responsible for both teaching and administration in a specific subject area. Encourage personal development through tutorial or practical work, as well as set and invigilate examinations, are typical job responsibilities.||INR 3 to 6.5 Lacs|
|Junior Research Scientist||Junior Research Scientists assist with the preparation of articles, reports, and presentations, as well as clerical duties as needed. Their responsibilities vary depending on the Supervisor’s research activities or the project to which the Research Assistant is assigned. They also assist with administrative tasks such as report completion.||INR 3 to 7 Lacs|
Some other important job areas and opportunities
- A Junior Research Scientist
- Self-employment (clinics)
- Research Associate
- Medical Laboratories
- Medical Officer
- Technical Assistant
- World Health Organization
- Colleges & Universities
- Associate Professor
- Military Services
MD in TB and Chest: Important Skills Required
Students interested in studying tuberculosis and chest diseases will need the following skills to succeed:
- Students must have a medical degree as a minimum graduation requirement.
- Candidates are enthusiastic about the prospect of working as specialists in the future.
- Candidates interested in working and conducting research on diseases of the chest, lungs, and other respiratory organs should apply.
- Students interested in furthering their education in the relevant field should consult
MD in TB and Chest: Benefits and Scope
- In India, a PG Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases has a very broad range of applications. In terms of careers, students will have many options. Prospects are also promising abroad.
- There are thousands of government and private organizations, such as hospitals, pharmaceutical labs, pathology labs, clinics, and research centers, where students with a degree in tuberculosis and chest diseases can find work after graduation.
- After completing the course, the student should be able to diagnose illness based on a history, physical examination, and investigative workup, as well as plan and deliver comprehensive treatment for illness using rational drug therapy principles.
- To practice evidence-based pediatrics, this course will help you develop skills as a self-directed learner, recognize continuing educational needs, use appropriate learning resources, and critically analyse relevant published literature.
- The course can also help you prepare for higher education, such as a PhD They can work as teachers in both private and public schools, and after passing the UGC-NET exam, they can apply for permanent lectureships.
A Doctor of Medicine with a specialization in pulmonary medicine and tuberculosis.
A person who has acquired the competencies pertaining to chest medicine that are required to be practiced in the community and at all levels of the health care system. Chest & Tuberculosis, or Doctor of Medicine in Chest & Tuberculosis, is a postgraduate medicine course.
Pulmonologists are well-suited to all people, including those with special needs. A pulmonologist’s job entails diagnosing and treating diseases or conditions that affect a person’s respiratory system.
No, the TB and chest disease course is only for those with an M.B.B.S degree. Only M.B.B.S. students are eligible to take the TB and chest disease courses. Because the TB and chest disease course is a PG Diploma program, only students with an M.B.B.S degree are eligible to apply.
Yes, both men and women are drawn to TB and chest disease courses. Both are doing well and have had success in treating tuberculosis and chest disease over the years.
It is entirely dependent on the individual’s interests. As a result, it may be less tedious for some, while it may be the opposite for others. It is not a problem for them if the job profile is suitable for them and they become interested in doing it.
It is dependent on the job profile that a person is employed in. It varies depending on the sector, whether it is government or private. A person working in the field of TB and chest disease, on the other hand, must devote at least 8 to 10 hours per week. His working hours may be increased depending on the situation.
In TB and chest diseases, there is a lot of room for growth. As the number of patients increases year after year, the complexity of diseases also increases. A growing number of people are becoming susceptible to tuberculosis and other chest diseases. Students can travel outside of India to conduct additional research or pursue higher education in the fields of tuberculosis and pulmonary disease.
A pulmonologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, which includes the lungs and other organs that aid in breathing.
Pulmonologists are critical for asthma patients’ proper lung care because they specialize in all conditions affecting the lungs, upper respiratory system, chest, or thoracic cavity, and chest wall.