An LLM in Environmental Law is a 1-2 year postgraduate degree in law with a focus on the environment. LLM Environmental Law courses are available in both full-time and distance learning formats at universities that offer them. Candidates having a BA LLB or LLB degree with a minimum grade of 45 percent or 50 percent in aggregate can enrol in the programme. Each college’s admission procedure will be different, but it will generally be based on merit or an entrance exam administered by the college in question.
The following is a list of colleges in India that provide an LLM in Environmental Law:
- Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Tamil Nadu
- Teri University, New Delhi
- National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam
- Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
The major goal of the LLM in Environment Law is to comprehend the legal framework’s direction toward sustainable economic activity. Students who specialise in environmental law are encouraged to research and investigate topics related to environmental policy, such as global warming, climate change, water waste, and so on.
The cost of a course varies per college and can range from INR 23,000 to INR 1,50,000 each year. Students can work as a Legal Advisor, Advocate, Legal Counsel, Associate (Legal), Assistant Manager (Legal), and Law Officer in a variety of government organisations, law firms, state courts, environmental agencies, or academics after completing the LLM Environment Law degree. An LLM student’s annual average income will be largely determined by his or her first stint. However, working in Environmental Law one can expect anything from INR 15,000 to INR 40,000.
Table of Contents
LLM Environment Law: Course Highlights
|Course Level||Post Graduate|
|Duration of Course||1 or 2 years|
|Examination Type||Semester System|
|Eligibility||LLB or BA LLB with minimum 45% or 50% marks in aggregate.|
|Admission Process||Merit/Entrance and/or Personal Interview|
|Course Fee||INR 23,000 – INR 1,66,000|
|Average Salary||INR 2,00,000 – INR 5,00,000|
|Recruiting Areas||Government organizations, Law firms, Courts, Environmental agencies and Academia|
|Job Profiles||Legal Advisor, Advocate, Legal Counsel, Associate (Legal), Assistant Manger (Legal) and Law Officer|
LLM Environmental Law: What is it about?
The LLM Environmental Law course examines local and worldwide legal frameworks for environmental protection, climate change mitigation, and natural resource management. Students are exposed to a variety of topics within the curriculum, including water legislation, business and trade, various types of pollution, land challenges, and environmental justice.
A student pursuing an LLM in Environmental Law would be exposed to topics such as:
- Environmental Law and Policy, Energy Law, Mining and Mineral Laws, Forest Law and Policy, and International Environmental Law are some of the areas of environmental law and policy that we cover.
- Hazardous Waste Law, Climate Change, and Environmental Aspects of Business Activities
There are no additional specialisations in Environmental Law, which includes the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, The Forest Act, 1927, Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 1991, 2002, and 2006, and Biological Diversity.
Students will have the chance to intern with environmental agencies, government agencies, and public welfare groups in order to apply their understanding of environmental law to environmental protection. Individuals with an LLM in Environmental Law are prepared to serve as advocates, educators, policymakers, or teachers.
LLM Environment Law: Top Institutes
|Name of Institute||Location||Fee in INR|
|Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University||Tamil Nadu||INR 23,400|
|Hidayatullah National Law University||Raipur||INR 77,000|
|National Law University and Judicial Academy||Assam||INR 1,54,500|
|Teri University||New Delhi||INR 1,66,000|
LLM Environment Law: Eligibility
Candidates for admission to the programme must have completed a three- to five-year LL.B/ BA LLB or Integrated Degree from a university that is recognised by the University Grants Commission, with an aggregate of not less than 50 percent to 55 percent. The minimal qualifying scores for SC/ST/Persons with Disabilities are also relaxed.
LLM Environment Law: Admission Process
Generally, students are admitted to LLM Environmental Law programmes by a national entrance exam or a test administered by the college itself. In most cases, application forms for these admission exams are available in the months of April and May. In the case of TNDALU, LLM candidates may be admitted immediately on the basis of merit based on their last qualifying exam scores. The final selection of Teri SAS University candidates is made through a personal interview.
The Common Law Admission Test is one of the most essential entrances that an LLM Environmental Law candidate should be aware of and prepare for (CLAT). The entrance exam is administered online and consists of 200 questions divided into five sections, including:
- English (Comprehension)
- Legal Aptitude
- Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)
- Logical Reasoning
- General Knowledge & Current Affairs
LLM Environmental Law: Syllabus and Course Description
The course arrangement varies each college, but the courses and issues addressed are very same throughout all law schools. The following are some of the main subjects that a student studying LLM Environmental Law might study:
|Module I||Nature and Scope of Environmental Law|
|Module II||International Law and Environmental Protection|
|Module III||History and Development of Environmental Law in India|
|Module IV||Protection of Environment under the Indian Constitution|
|Module V||Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws|
|Module VI||Protection of Water, Air and Environment in India|
|Module VII||Protection of Forest, Wild Life and Biodiversity|
|Module VIII||Emerging Issues in Environmental Law|
LLM Environmental Law: Career Prospects
As activists, legislators, bureaucrats, and companies address environmental challenges and how they might be avoided, environmental law is becoming a more important specialisation in LL.M. programmes. Legal Advisors, Advocates, Legal Counsel, Associate (Legal), Assistant Manager (Legal), Law Officers, and Law Clerks are among the positions available to successful postgraduates.
Some of the areas where a bright profession might be found include:
- Independent Practice
- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- Central Pollution Control Board.
- State Pollution Control Boards
- National Green Tribunal (NGT)
- Law Firms
Benefits such as medical insurance and retirement planning are provided to lawyers who work in firms; but, if a lawyer practises independently, these benefits are not provided. Furthermore, a lawyer’s monthly earnings might range from Lacs to Lacs each month, depending on aspects such as reputation, skill, and cases handled.
Furthermore, LLM Environmental Law students can pursue a research career and get a Ph.D. Environment lawyers with relevant experience can work for the federal or state governments. Lawyers are in high demand as bureaucrats, thus they may also prepare for UPSC exams.
|Job Title||Job Discussion||Salary|
|NGT Law Clerks||Conducting legal research, creating bench memos, writing and editing judge’s orders and opinions, checking citations, and coordinating case management and process with a legal advisor.||INR 3,60,000|
|Legal Advisor (Environmental Law)||Gives clients counsel on legal matters, paperwork, and judgments.||INR 1,80,000 to INR 4,00,000|
|Legal Counsel||Give legal counsel in matters involving environmental law disturbance, avoiding litigation, and assisting organisations and people to avoid suffering significant losses||INR 3,66,182 – INR 3,86,802|
|Associate (Legal)||Recognizing legal requirements of the client and developing solutions for them||INR 4,00,000 – INR 5,00,000|
|Environment Advocate||Liable for locating and keeping an eye on any environmental problems or commercial activity that has an impact on or might have an impact on the client.||INR 1,80,000 – INR 4,00,000|