The application of scientific knowledge to criminal investigations is referred to as “forensic medicine.” An MD in Forensic Medicine is a three-year full-time postgraduate program that requires a minimum of an M.B.B.S degree and a one-year mandatory internship. The Doctorate program gives students a broad overview of the sciences in order to answer questions relevant to the legal system. Graduates are typically hired as Forensic Medicine Professors and Tutors, Forensic Medicine Junior Residents, Forensic Pathologists, Medical Officers, Research Assistants, Forensic Scientists, or Criminologists after completing the course.
Many Indian states currently prohibit private institutes from performing autopsies. However, postgraduates can continue their research and teach the course professionally.
Table of Contents
MD in Forensic Medicine: An Overview
Some of the course’s major highlights are listed below.
|Level of Course||Postgraduate|
|Duration of Course||3 years|
|Type of Course||Semester System|
|Eligibility Criteria||MBBS with 1-year rotating internship|
|Process of Admission||Based on counseling after qualification of entrance tests.|
|Fee for the Course||INR 1 to 10 Lacs per annum|
|Average Salary in the beginning||INR 1 to 1.5 lacs per annum|
|Top Hiring Firms||government medical colleges government institutions including CBI, Narcotics Department,Private medical colleges,Forensic laboratories, Research and Analysis Wing and other law enforcement agencies.|
|Positions of Job||Professor/ Associate Professor/Resident, Lab technician, Medical Officer, Manager-Forensics, etc.|
MD in Forensic Medicine Eligibility
Candidates who wish to apply for the course must meet the following minimum eligibility requirements:
- The candidate must have completed an M.B.B.S. program that included a one-year rotating internship.
- Permanent registration with the Medical Council of India or any state medical council is required.
MD in Forensic Medicine Syllabus
Below is a semester-by-semester breakdown of the course’s syllabus.
|FIRST SEMESTER||SECOND SEMESTER|
|Basic Medical Sciences as applicable to Forensic Medicine||Toxicology|
|Forensic Medicine including other clinical subjects applied to it||Forensic Pediatrics|
|Forensic Psychiatry||Forensic Obstetrics|
|Forensic Traumatology||Medical Jurisprudence|
MD in Forensic Medicine: Admission Procedure
Students must meet the eligibility requirements for the MD Forensic Medicine program in India. MD Forensic Medicine admissions in 2022 are based on entrance exam scores or merit. Different MD Forensic Medicine universities in India may have different admission procedures. The details of the admissions process in general are listed below.
- On the university’s official websites, you can learn more about the MD Forensic Medicine program and how to apply. Visit the official university admission portal to apply for the course and register for the entrance exam. After that, complete the application form by providing the necessary information.
- Only students who meet the MD in Forensic Medicine eligibility requirements are considered for admission. The list of shortlisted candidates can be found on the college’s official website, and they will be notified of the results and the next steps in the admissions process via email.
- Students are admitted to most institutes that offer the course based on their performance in a relevant entrance exam. Some colleges and universities hold their own admissions tests. The admissions process differs from one college to the next.
MD in Forensic Medicine: Important Entrance Exams
There is no entrance exam for a Diploma in Forensic Medicine. Candidates are admitted solely on the basis of their merit. The following entrance exams are held for MD and B.Tech in forensic medicine:
- UPSEE-Uttar Pradesh state entrance examination
- AICET-All India combined entrance test
- NEET: This, also known as the National Eligibility and Entrance Test,
- KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test): This is a state-level entrance exam for admission into colleges in the same state.
- Other state-level entrance examinations
MD in Forensic Medicine: Top Academic Institutions
Some of the best institutes in India that offer the course are listed below.
|INSTITUTE NAME||PLACE||AVERAGE FEE|
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences [AIIMS]||Delhi||1,944|
|Kasturba Medical College||Mangalore||12.5 lacs|
|Maulana Azad Medical College||Delhi||10,000|
|Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research||Pondicherry||6,200|
|Lady Hardinge Medical College||Delhi||10,000|
|Madras Medical College||Chennai||13,667|
|Grant Medical College||Mumbai||82,400|
|King George’s Medical University||Lucknow||–|
|Sri Ramachandra University||Chennai||14 lacs|
|Government Medical College||Amritsar||11,000|
|Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College||Mumbai||86,825|
|Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College||Pune||72,650|
|Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research||Kolkata||10,000|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute||Bangalore||95,000|
|B.J. Medical College||Ahmedabad||3,000|
|Government Medical College||Nagpur||64,000|
|Government Medical College||Surat||14,000|
|Government Medical College||Thiruvananthapuram||1,667|
|Government Medical College||Kozhikode||20,000|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College||Ajmer||7,225|
MD in Forensic Medicine: Important Documents Required
- A character certificate (from the head of the institute from which the student has obtained his qualifying degree)
- Documentary proof of the date of birth
- passing/degree certificate of the last qualifying degree examination.
- Research Proposal
- Mark-list of the last qualifying degree examination
- Gap certificate (if applicable)
- No objection certificate from the employer (if employed)
- Migration Certificate (No objection certificate from the university last attended)
Students should be aware that if the aforementioned certificates are not attached to their application, their application will not be taken into account for admission.
MD in Forensic Medicine: Focus Areas
- The program is intended for doctors who want to pursue a career in forensic medicine. Successful course postgraduates with a passion for research may choose to contribute to the body of medical knowledge by pursuing further research in the field.
- Postgraduates who have completed the program are qualified to examine dead bodies and extract physical information from them. By providing details about the deceased, such information is useful in determining the cause of death and aiding criminal investigations.
- All aspects of basic medical sciences (anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and microbiology) as applied to forensic medicine are covered in this course. The course also includes medical jurisprudence, modules in forensic psychology, advanced forensic pathology, forensic toxicology, and forensic immunology.
Subjects and Topics covered
Forensic medicine, also known as forensic pathology, is a branch of forensic science that uses medical facts to help find the results of evidence at a crime scene. The course topics assist students in becoming experts in determining the cause and time of death, as well as other information about the deceased.
The following topics are covered in the course:
- Anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and microbiology are examples of basic medical sciences that can be applied to forensic medicine. Forensic medicine, as well as other clinical disciplines related to it, Forensic psychiatry, forensic traumatology, and forensic immunology are all areas of forensic medicine.
- Toxicology, forensic paediatrics, forensic obstetrics, medical jurisprudence, chemical toxicology, biotoxicology, general toxicology, and socio-medical toxicology are some of the terms used in the field of toxicology.
- autopsy case, interpretation, report writing, sexual offence case, age determination case, injury case, poisoning case, spots, weapons, bones, slides, X-ray films, tests on bodily fluids and stains
MD in Forensic Science: Entrance Examination Pattern
To be admitted, students must first determine whether they meet the requirements for the MD Forensic Medicine program. Students should study the exam pattern and syllabus well ahead of time in order to pass the test. This will help students prepare for the entrance exams in a timely manner. The following is a general pattern for entrance exams:
- The entrance exam is divided into sections that assess various aspects of your knowledge, such as MBBS subjects, scientific aptitude, and so on.
- The exam will be conducted in a paper-and-pencil format.
- The paper will take three hours to complete.
Future Trends in Forensic Medicine
With the introduction of new technological advancements, forensic science has a bright future. All of these new developments have made it possible to apprehend criminals on a whole new level.
- Hair and eye color prediction,Fingerprint analysis Morphometric, Virtual Autopsy, Facial recognition algorithm, Vehicle Systems Forensics, and Portable Police Labs are all examples of microbiomic identification.
- 3-D fingerprinting, Steam thermography (to reveal even minute amounts of blood), Frontal x-rays, and Omni chrome photography are all used to create a visual image of what a suspect might look like.
- Phenom desktop SEM (assists in determining elemental composition), LA-ICP-MS, 3D Scanner, High-powered Microscopes, Digital Surveillance for Gaming Equipment, Alternative light photography,DNA Sequencing, Link Analysis Software, Drug Testing, LA-ICP-MS, 3D Scanner
MD in Forensic Medicine: Preparation Plan
The following are some course preparation tips for the MD Forensic Medicine course:
- To prepare well for the entrance exams, candidates should be aware of the syllabus, exam pattern, and books that will provide them with the necessary knowledge.
- Solve previous year’s papers to get a sense of the types of questions that will be asked. It also aids in the improvement and preparation for the actual exam.
- Taking as many mock tests as possible will help you improve your speed and accuracy.
- Finish your preparations well ahead of time by preparing a time table so that you have enough time to revise the content.
MD in Forensic Science: Important Skills Required
It is not like other professions to pursue a career in forensic medicine. It necessitates a keen interest in researching, investigating, and comprehending the circumstances surrounding a crime. In general, the following characteristics contribute to a successful career in forensic medicine:
- Legal Process: Most of the time, professionals from this program are required to work closely with the law. The ability to handle evidence without tampering with it, as well as various other legal processes such as paperwork, is required for the job.
- Processing Crime Scenes: Following the incident, the crime scene must be thoroughly investigated. It may even be gruesome at times, but the ability to pay attention to even the tiniest of details is crucial.
- Critical Thinking: Forensic scientists are responsible for a wide range of tasks, including matching physical evidence, fingerprints, blood splatter, and DNA. Examining everything and putting together a picture of what happened at the crime scene necessitates a high level of critical thinking.
MD in Forensic Medicine: Top Job Profiles
Forensic pathologists are a broad term for the course’s postgraduates. They are in charge of performing medico-legal autopsies when government agencies, such as the Police Department, request them. Autopsies may be performed at research institutes in order to thoroughly investigate a case. Professionals may also examine victims of abuse, rape, or other crimes in connection with nullity of marriage, divorce, and legitimacy affiliation cases, among other things.
They are frequently hired as professors to teach undergraduate and postgraduate students in the same field. They are primarily trained to perform autopsies in order to determine a wide range of information about the cadaver, including sex, age, race, drug use history, medical history, and the cause of death.
The following is a list of some of the more common professional paths open to successful course postgraduates, along with the corresponding salaries.
|Position of Job||Description of Job||Average Salary|
|Forensic Medicine Assistant Professor||They produce seminar reports, journal articles, and research papers while teaching and conducting research in the field of forensic medicine.||6,40,000|
|Medical Officer||They perform autopsies at the request of government agencies and write medico-legal reports.||2,64,000|
|Manager- Forensic Advisory||They supervise autopsies, manage the forensic department, and ensure that everything runs smoothly. They frequently supervise legal matters as well.||2,64,000|
|Lab Technician- Forensic Pathology||As directed by supervisors, they perform autopsies and relevant tests.||96,000|
|Forensic Scientist||They perform autopsies on cadavers donated to medical research in order to add to the body of medical knowledge already available.||1,80,000|
MD in Forensic Medicine: Benefits and Scope
The goal of the forensic medicine course is to provide individuals with a foundation in forensic medical sciences.
- This course’s graduates are responsible for performing autopsies as needed by government agencies or the police department.
- They may also be called upon to investigate victims of abuse, harassment, or any other case involving legitimacy affiliation.
- Some people may even choose to delve deeper into this field and conduct research.
- Candidates can work as lab technicians, professors/associate professors/residents, medical officer, manager-forensics, forensic psychiatrist, toxicologist, and so on after completing this course.
- They work in government hospitals, medical colleges, seven universities, medical journals, private clinics, and research labs, among other places. Autopsies can only be performed by professionals in government hospitals at the moment.
- Forensic science is a new field in India, but it is well-established and has a larger scope outside of the country. After completing their education in India, forensic experts can work in other countries. However, if you want to pursue forensic medicine in another country, you should have a degree from that country because laws differ from one country to the next.
- MD Forensic Medicine has a wide range of career opportunities. It is determined by the specialization and demand in each case. Candidates can also use the degree’s general education to find work in government, university administration, non-profits, or the legal field.
- Graduates can work in law enforcement agencies, police departments, legal systems, government and private investigative services, and so on. They could work as private investigators for a variety of companies. There are also positions available in a number of government-run businesses that are fully legalised.
In the case of assaults, an MD in forensic medicine focuses more on autopsies and victim examinations. In this case, the salary is higher. A master’s degree in forensic science aids in the understanding of chemical aspects of forensics, as well as lab investigations, DNA analysis, and fingerprinting, among other things, ensuring that a person is well-informed. Both have advantages and disadvantages. However, after completing your M.B.B.S, you should pursue an MD in forensic medicine.
Criminal forensic psychologists typically hold a doctoral degree in their field, though a Master’s degree is all that is required to become one. They are highly qualified professionals who have received certifications and are licensed to practice. During a trial or an investigation, they provide the necessary psychological expertise. At the start of their careers, they typically earn between 7 and 8 lakhs per year.
Forensic medicine is a specialized branch of forensic science, or a sub-field of it. Individuals from both the fields can work with biological samples, but their work styles are vastly different. While a forensic scientist takes part in criminal investigations, forensic medicine professionals typically perform medical examinations on patients or bodies.
Forensic science can be studied using a variety of books. However, if you want to learn more about the field, start with the following books:
K.S.N Reddy’s The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.
B R Sharma’s Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation and Trials.
Henry C. Smith’s Physical Evidence in Forensic Science
AIIMS Delhi- All India Institute of Medical Science: Rs. 1,944
Kasturba Medical College: Rs. 12,50,000
Maulana Azad Medical College: Rs.10,000
Lady Harding Medical College, Delhi: Rs. 10,000
Jawaharlal Nehru medical college, Ajmer: Rs. 7,225
Madras medical college, Chennai: Rs. 13,667
Lokmanya Tilak municipal Medical College: Rs. 86,825
The average fees charged by government medical colleges are typically much lower than those charged by private medical colleges.
Because the forensic expert’s contributions are so important to the investigation of a crime scene, they are well compensated. In India, a fresher with an MD in forensic medicine can expect to earn between Rs 3 and 4 lakhs. The value can rise to as much as Rs 10 lakhs over time.
Yes, it is one of the most difficult courses to complete. As a forensic scientist, you must have exceptional problem-solving, writing, and critical-thinking abilities. This is a senior-level course in which you will spend a significant amount of time in the lab conducting research and exploration.
Forensic Medicine’s Different Sub-disciplines:
Clinical Forensic Medicine.
and so on.