Environmental law Course is a growing field of study among students. Environmental Lawyers are in high demand in India, owing to the growing need to protect the environment and the planet.
An Environmental Law course educates students on environmental laws and the various administrative, socioeconomic, and ecological issues that arise as a result of their application. The course introduces students to various local, domestic, and international environmental laws, as well as their applications, limitations, and a variety of other topics.
Candidates who complete an Environmental Law course not only have a wide range of career options, but they also have the satisfaction of working to improve the environment and the planet. Learn everything there is to know about Environmental Law courses right here.
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Overview of Environmental Law Courses
Environmental law courses are available at various educational levels. The table below provides a detailed description of environmental law courses:
|Duration of Course||
|Types of Online Courses||edX, Coursera, Vskills, etc.|
|Top Job Profiles||Environment Lawyer, Legal Advisor, NGT clerk, Environment – Legal Counsellor.|
Environmental Law: Introduction
Environmental law is one of the most popular and sought-after law specialisations. This specialisation is available to law students at the postgraduate, diploma, and certificate levels. Every year, candidates who want to pursue a career in environmental law seek admission to the best colleges that offer the course. The most common and in-demand course in Environmental Law is the LLM in Environmental Law.
The primary goal of the Environment Law course is to help students understand the legal framework’s orientation toward sustainable economic activity. Students specialising in Environmental Law are encouraged to conduct thorough research and investigate issues concerning environmental policies such as global warming, water waste, climate change, and so on. The study of Environmental Law as a course includes both local and international legal frameworks for environmental protection, climate change mitigation, and the vital use of natural resources. Throughout the programme, students are exposed to and taught in depth about a variety of issues such as water law, various types of pollution, business and trade, land issues, and environmental justice.
Pursuing law with a specialisation in Environmental Law will not only provide students with a broad range of career opportunities, but will also provide them with the moral satisfaction of working for the betterment of the planet. In these times when saving the environment has become one of the most pressing issues, the demand for individuals with extensive environmental knowledge is constantly increasing.
Eligibility Criteria for Environmental Law
Students who want to take an Environmental Law course must first determine whether they meet the eligibility requirements. To be eligible to pursue the specialisation, all candidates must meet the Environmental Law eligibility criteria. Each college or university has its own set of eligibility requirements, which may differ from one another. If a candidate applies for admission to a desired college without being eligible for that specific environmental law course, his or her candidature will be cancelled and he or she will not be considered for admission. The eligibility criteria for the Environmental Law are listed below.
- The candidate must have completed his or her education up to a certain level for the type of environmental law course in which he or she wishes to enrol.
- If the student wishes to pursue the LLM degree, he or she must have completed an undergraduate degree in law from a recognised university.
- Candidates for admission to diploma programmes in Environmental Law must have completed their higher secondary education or class 12th from a school affiliated with a recognised board of education. Some universities may also require students to have a bachelor’s degree.
- Candidates who have completed their class 10th or class 12th with passing grades in all subjects are eligible for admission to the certificate level courses in environmental law.
- Students’ aggregate marks in their qualifying examinations must be between 45 and 50 percent.
- Some colleges have a provision that allows candidates from reserved categories to get a break on their aggregate marks.
Admission Process for Environmental Law
There are two methods for selecting candidates for Environmental Law courses. They are as follows:
- Entrance Examinations
- Direct Admission Through Merit in Qualifying Examination
Some universities and colleges choose students based on their bachelor’s degree performance and offer them direct admission if they meet the cut off criteria. Students should be aware that, because the number of seats at almost every college is limited, candidates with higher aggregate marks than the other applicants are given preference during the selection process.
In some institutions, applicants are chosen after taking an entrance examination. Environmental Law admissions are based on national, state, and university level examinations held across the country. Some institutes or universities hold individual exams to assess applicants’ knowledge and shortlist them.
Skills Required for Environmental Law
An Environmental Lawyer may work on a variety of projects involving sustainability, renewable energy, and climate change. An Environmental Lawyer should have the following essential skills:
- Decision-making skills
- Negotiation skills
- Problem solving skills
- Analytical mind
- Listening skills
- Communication skills
- Research skills
Entrance Exams for Environmental Law
Candidates for Environmental Law courses are typically required to take an entrance exam. However, some law schools admit students based on their performance in the qualifying exam.
Some of the popular law entrance exams that candidates can take at the undergraduate and graduate levels to become an Environmental Lawyer are as follows:
UG Law Entrance Exams
- Law School Admission Test – India (LSAT India)
- Delhi University LLB Entrance Exam (DU LLB Entrance Exam)
- Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)
- All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
PG Law Entrance Exams
- CLAT PG
- LSAT India PG
- AILET PG
Syllabus for Environmental Law
The table below summarises the basic syllabus of Environmental Law. However, students should be aware that the syllabus of Environmental Law and course curricula vary from institute to institute and are heavily influenced by the level of degree.
|Emerging Issues in Environmental Law||Nature and Scope of Environmental Law|
|Protection of Forest, Wild Life and Biodiversity||International Law and Environmental Protection|
|Protection of Water, Air and Environment in India||History and Development of Environmental Law in India|
|National Legal Frameworks and Processes||Environment Protection Mechanisms|
|Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws||Protection of Environment under the Indian Constitution|
Top Colleges for Environmental Law
Given below are some of the best colleges in India to pursue Environmental Law courses:
For Bachelor Environmental Law Courses
|Hidayatullah National Law University||Chhattisgarh|
|University of Petroleum and Energy Studies||Delhi|
For Master Environmental Law Courses
|NIRF Ranking 2020||College Name||Location|
|16||National Law and Judicial Academy||Assam|
|23||Amity Law school||Noida|
|46||Jindal Global Law school||Sonipat|
|–||Dr. Ambedkar University||Tamil Nadu|
|–||Teri University||New Delhi|
|–||Hidayatullah National Law university||Raipur|
For Doctorate Environmental Law Courses
|NIRF Ranking 2020||College Name||Location|
|–||Prof. Rajendra Singh University||PrayagRaj|
For Diploma Environmental Law Courses
|NIRF Ranking 2020||College Name||Location|
|–||Institute of Petrochemical Engineering||Lonere|
For Certificate Environmental Law Courses
|National Law University||New Delhi|
|ICFAI Law School||Hyderabad|
|Teri School of Advanced Studies||New Delhi|
Job Profiles and Career Opportunities in Environmental Law
Environmental law is becoming an increasingly important and popular area of law as the need to preserve and sustain the environment becomes more pressing. Many politicians, activists, policymakers, and businesses deal with environmental issues and how they can be avoided, providing candidates with a degree in Environmental Law with numerous job opportunities. These individuals may work for State Pollution Control Boards, Central Pollution Control Boards, the Ministry of Environment, Forestry, and Climate Change, NGOs, Law Firms, the National Green Tribunal (NGT), and other organisations. They can also begin practising individually or pursue additional higher education.
Here are some of the most common job roles for which candidates with an Environmental Law degree are hired:
- Law Officer
- NGT Law Clerks
- Legal Counsel
- Assistant Manager (Legal)
- Legal Advisor
- Associate (Legal)
- Law Clerk
- Environment Advocate
- Legal Advisor (Environmental Law)
Frequently Asked Questions
Ans. An entry-level environmental law professional in India can earn up to 5-7 Lakhs per year. You may receive a higher salary as your experience and skills grow.
Ans. An Environmental Lawyer may work on a variety of projects, such as laws governing climate change, clean technology, water law, land management, and sustainability.
Ans. This is determined by the mode of education and the course chosen. Certification courses last from a few hours to a few months, whereas PG courses last two years.
Ans. Yes, without a doubt. Human interference, like global warming, is causing environmental damage, with potentially disastrous consequences for the ecosystem. As a result, protecting the environment becomes critical for our better future.