The Bachelor of Science in Life Sciences is a three-year undergraduate program in Aquatic Science. The scientific study of all different life forms, i.e., the scientific study of living organs such as plants, animals, and humans, is referred to as “life sciences.”
The main subjects covered in this course are biochemistry, food science, biotechnology, bioinformatics, agronomy, plant biology, molecular biology, botany, zoology, and chemistry.
After completing a B.Sc. in Life Science, students can pursue a master’s degree in the field, followed by an M.Phil or PhD. Candidates can also enroll in an MBA or M.Sc. in Biotechnology program, or pursue clinical research.
Otherwise, graduates could work as pathologists, nutritionists, horticulturists, biomedical engineers, or food scientists in private and public laboratories and industries. They may also pursue a career as a teacher or conduct further research.
Table of Contents
B.Sc. Life Science: An Overview
|Level of Course||Graduation|
|Also referred as||BSc Life Science|
|Duration of Course||3 years|
|Type of Examination||Semester-based|
|Eligibility Criteria||10+2 schooling or equivalent with PCB subjects and with a minimum score of 50%|
|Process of Admission||Merit-based|
|Average Fee||INR 10,000-1.5 Lakhs|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 1.2 LPA – INR 4 LPA|
|Top Employers||Tata Memorial Centre, Cactus, Bcs-Insilico Biology, Vee Technology, AIIMS, Indian Society of Cell Biology, Amazon, HCL|
|Position of Job||Nutritionist, Epidemiologist, Professor, Biomedical Engineer, Researcher, Conservation Scientist, Biophysicist, Pathologist, Immunologist, Agronomist, Palaeontology, Horticulturist, Food Scientist|
B.Sc. Life Sciences Eligibility
- To be considered for this program, candidates must have completed their 10+2 schooling or equivalent with a minimum grade of 50%. Aside from that, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology must be taken as compulsory subjects in higher secondary school.
- Institutions that require an entrance exam may consider both the entrance exam score and previous academic records when making admission decisions. Each institution determines the cut-off mark for the examination.
- Candidates from the SC/ST/OBC, differently abled, and other categories will receive a 5% mark relaxation.
- Letters of recommendation can also work in the candidate’s favor.
B.Sc. Life Sciences Syllabus
|Cell Biology||Biodiversity- Animals|
|Genetic Engineering||Environment Management|
|Environmental Science||Plant Tissue Culture|
|Diversity of Cryptogams||Food, Nutrition and Health|
|Animal Tissue Culture||—|
|Inorganic Chemistry||Genetics and Genomics|
|Physics||Organic and Physical Chemistry|
|Molecular Biology||Introduction to Medical Diagnostics|
|Introduction to Computers and Information Systems||Mathematics for Life Sciences|
|Taxonomy and Anatomy||—|
B.Sc. Life Science Admission Procedure
Based on Merit
- Candidates are chosen based on their qualifications. Before applying, they must ensure that they meet the eligibility requirements.
- Students can apply to colleges that manage merit-based admissions through online or offline applications, with the payment method being the same as the application.
Based on Entrance
- Only a few institutions require a candidate to take an entrance exam before enrolling in a B.Sc. Life Sciences program.
- Entrance examinations are also held to determine eligibility for admission to agricultural and forestry courses.
- GSAT and ICAR AIEEA are two of the most popular national entrance exams.
- Students must register and pay for exams online in order to take them.
- Institutes that accept entrance exam scores use a standard selection process, though the cut-off mark varies by institution.
- Candidates in the SC/ST/OBC, differently abled, and other categories are allowed to relax a fixed percentile.
- Candidates are shortlisted based on their GSAT/ICAR/other accepted entrance exam scores and academic records.
B.Sc. Life Science: Suitable Candidates
- They should be able to communicate clearly and concisely both orally and through writing, as well as have a keen interest in the world around them.
- Those who are creative problem solvers with a good understanding of the scientific method and a desire to learn more about scientific research can also apply.
- Candidates must be detail-oriented, have strong interpersonal skills, and have the mental stamina to work long hours.
- They should also be able to use microscopes, have computer skills, and maintain a constant state of mind.
B.Sc. Life Science: Top Institutes
|Name of Institute||Average Annual Fee|
|Miranda House, Delhi||INR 58, 470|
|Presidency College, Chennai||INR 3,795|
|Loyola College, Chennai||INR 18,000|
|Hans Raj College, Delhi||INR 73,545|
|PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore||INR 2,482|
|Sri Venkateswara College, Delhi||INR 39,530|
|Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College, Delhi||INR 59,235|
|Gargi College, Delhi||INR 42,135|
|Madras Christian College, Chennai||INR 57,957|
|Acharya Narendra Dev College, Delhi||INR 23,895|
B.Sc. Life Science: Dual Degree
Some colleges offer dual degrees in the life sciences, allowing students to earn both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree at the same time. The majority of dual degree programs take five years to complete.
|Institution Name||Location||Process of Admission||Average Fee for the Course|
|IIT, Madras||Chennai||JEE Advanced||**|
|IISER, Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh||JEE Advanced/ Merit-based/ KVPY Fellowship||4,35,500|
|IISER, Kolkata||West Bengal||JEE Advanced/ Merit-based/ KVPY Fellowship||3,59,400|
|IISER, Mohali||Punjab||JEE Advanced/ Merit-based/ KVPY Fellowship||3,61,445|
|IISER, Tirupati||Andhra Pradesh||JEE Advanced/ Merit-based/ KVPY Fellowship||2,74,910|
|IISER, Berhampur||Odisha||JEE Advanced/ Merit-based/ KVPY Fellowship||3,92,000|
B.Sc. Life Sciences: Important Entrance Exam
The entrance exams differ based on the university. Some of the most commonly accepted exams by most of the leading Indian universities are JEE Advanced, GSAT, etc. Below is the list:
|Examination||Date of Registration||Exam Date|
|BHU UET||1st week of May, 2022 to 1st week of June 2022||June/ July 2022|
|PUBDET||4th week of March, 2022 to 2nd week of April, 2022||2nd week of August, 2022|
|APU UG NET||07 December 2021 (last)||19th December 2021|
|UPSEE||1st week of April 2022 to Last week of May 2022||Last week of June 2022|
|TS EAMCET||4th week of March 2022 to 3rd week of May 2022||1st to 2nd week of July 2022|
B.Sc. Life Science: A Comparison among Institutes
Choosing a good college can be a difficult task for students. The following table compares the top three B.Sc. Life Science colleges based on a variety of factors:
|Basis of Comparison||Loyola College, Chennai||Hans Raj College, Delhi||Sri Venkateswara College, Delhi|
|Highlight||This autonomous institution, which was founded in 1925, offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate programs in science and the arts, as well as state-of-the-art infrastructure, laboratories, and other facilities.||The college, which was founded in 1948 and is affiliated with Delhi University, offers a variety of science, arts, and commerce courses, as well as numerous clubs and societies for extracurricular activities.||The college, which was founded in 1961 and is affiliated with Delhi University, offers a variety of science, humanities, and commerce programs, as well as various add-on and vocational courses, as well as an excellent placement cell.|
|Ranking by NIRF||6||9||14|
|Average Annual Fee||18,000||73,545||39,530|
|Top Hiring Firm||Nalanda Vidyanikethan, ILM, C. S. Corporation, MRF||McKinsey & Company, Glenmark, Bain Capability Network,||ABP News, GoLingo, Zomata, BYJU’s, Grant Thornton, Oberoi,|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 1.4 – 4.2 LPA||INR 4-5 LPA||INR 5 LPA|
B.Sc. Life Science: Top Job Profiles
Graduates of the B.Sc. Life Science program can pursue a variety of careers. After graduation, candidates can find work in both the private and public sectors, though candidates who have completed higher education find it easier to find work. Some of the most promising job roles for B.Sc. Life Science graduates are:
|Position of Job||Description of Job||Average Annual Salary|
|Biochemist||Researches biochemical processes all the way down to the molecular level in order to find solutions to long-standing problems in the food and agriculture industries.||INR 3,05,000|
|Pathologist||Examines the causes and effects of disease or injury in bodies and body tissues, as well as advising on appropriate patient care.||INR 10,00,000|
|Food Scientist||Food processing and manufacturing techniques and principles are studied in order to develop and improve the efficiency and safety of food processing.||INR 7,50,000|
|Scientific/Journal Writer||Understanding complex scientific theories and processes, writes and edits scientific articles or journals.||INR 4,22,000|
|Veterinarian||A veterinarian who provides all types of animals with medical care, including medicine and surgery.||INR 5,04,000|
Some other important areas of employment are:
- Medicine and Pharmaceutical Industries
- Research and Development in Drugs
- Chemical Industries
- Health Clubs
- Animal Care Centers
- Beverage Industry
- Farm Houses
- Agriculture Sector
- Disease Control Centers
- Environmental Protection Agencies
- Science Teacher
- Food Scientist
- Molecular Biology
- Biomedical Engineer
- Universities and Colleges
- The Food Processing Industry
- Scientific Journals
B.Sc. Life Science: Benefits and Scope
Because students will be experimenting with microscopes and other equipment throughout the course, they will be able to learn new techniques that are used in advanced research laboratories and industries for research analysis.
- Students may have the opportunity to experiment on a wide variety of plant and animal species as part of the program, which focuses on the transition from molecular to cellular life in various organisms.
- Students are more likely to learn and improve skills such as computation, speaking, and writing, critical and analytical thinking, microscopic and inferential skills, and the ability to work for long periods of time.
- The course prepares students for advanced studies in life sciences, such as M.Sc., M.Phil., and PhD degrees, as well as an M.Sc. in Biotechnology and even an MBA.
- Graduates can pursue master’s degrees or research in any of the life sciences specializations, such as biotechnology or fish genetics.
- Graduates have a better chance of finding work, particularly in the fields of scientific writing, pharmaceuticals, and fish processing.
- The B.Sc. (Life Sciences) degree serves as a foundation for further studies in this field, such as M.Sc., PhD, and M.Phil. degrees in Life Sciences, which upon completion qualify one for a lecturer position at any university or college.
- The study of all fields of science that constitute the scientific study of living organisms, such as plants, animals, and humans, is covered in the B.Sc. (Life Sciences) degree program. As a result, it encompasses all aspects of all sciences, making it a multidisciplinary study.
- They can work as private tutors and teachers, as well as run their own private coaching centers.
To become a doctor, one must complete an M.B.B.S program, which can be pursued after completing a B.Sc. in Life Science and passing the NEET entrance exam.
B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) Life Science is a good course, but candidates must be prepared to work long hours and possess the necessary skills to complete it successfully.
A life science degree can lead to high-paying jobs such as biochemists, biophysicists, medical scientists, hydrologists, and materials scientists.
Biotechnology is one of the best specializations in life science because it focuses on using technology to improve one’s health, and the demand for biotechnology in everyday life is growing by the day.
Undoubtedly, a degree in a life science specialization is preferable, but aspirants must ensure that the field of life science they choose is one that they are passionate about.
Most colleges admit students on the basis of merit, but some may consider entrance scores.
While Life Sciences is the study of biochemical processes in plants, animals, and organisms, an applied Life Science degree examines these processes in order to apply and invent new methods to make human life easier.
The following are a few useful reference books:
Principles of Genetics by D. Peter Snustad and Michael J. Simmons
Immunology by Barbara A. Osborne and Janis Kuby
CSIR-UGC NET/JRF/SET Life Sciences by Pushkar Kumar.
Cell and Molecular Biology: Concepts and Experiments by Gerald Karp and Nancy L. Pruitt