The Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (B.Sc. MLT) is a three-year undergraduate program divided into six years (two semesters per year). Professionals will learn about various aspects of health care in this course.
Medical laboratory technology is the science that deals with using clinical laboratory tests to prevent, diagnose, and treat various diseases. The analysis of bodily fluids is part of this.Medical Laboratory Technologists use laboratory equipment to prepare slides of human tissues and other specimens for analysis.
After completing a B.Sc. MLT degree program, graduates have a wide range of options for finding work in a variety of fields. A talented MLT graduate can pursue a challenging career in a public or private hospital setting, such as blood donation centers, emergency rooms, laboratories, and so on.
Table of Contents
B.Sc. MLT: An Overview
The following are some of the most important aspects of the Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology program:
|Course Name||B.Sc. (Medical Laboratory Technology)|
|Also referred as||Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Level of Course||Graduate|
|Duration of Course||3-year|
|Eligibility Criteria||50% in 10+2 from any Recognized Education Board|
|Process of Admission||Entrance exam and Merit-Based|
|Average fees||INR 10K – 4L per annum|
|Positions of Job||Clinical Laboratory Technician, Phlebotomist, Clinical Laboratory Technologist, Medical Laboratory Technologist, Medical Laboratory Technician, Lab Technologist, Biochemist, Medical Phlebotomist etc.|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 2L – 6L per annum|
B.Sc. MLT Eligibility
Students who want to enroll in the BSc MLT program must meet the following requirements. The minimum 12th-grade marks required may differ from one college to the next.
- Candidates must have completed their 10+2 in the area of science with mandatory subjects such as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology to be eligible for the BSc MLT program.
- The candidate must have a minimum aggregate of 50% or equivalent in their 10+2 from a recognized education board.
B.Sc. MLT Curriculum and Syllabus
The curriculum for the B.Sc. MLT (Medical Laboratory Technology) course is divided into six semesters, with topics such as the Clinical Endocrinology & Toxicology Lab, Diagnostic Molecular Biology Lab, and Diagnostic Cytology among them. Below is the course’s semester-by-semester syllabus.
|FIRST SEMESTER||SECOND SEMESTER|
|Human Anatomy I||Human Anatomy II|
|Human Physiology-I||Human Physiology II|
|Health Education & Health Communication||Bio-Medical Waste Management|
|PC Software Lab||Human Anatomy-II|
|Human Anatomy-I Lab||Practical: Human Physiology-II|
|Human Physiology-I Lab||Practical: Biochemistry-I|
|Biochemistry-I Lab||Communication Lab|
|THIRD SEMESTER||FOURTH SEMESTER|
|Pathology-I||Pathology – II|
|Clinical Haematology-I||Clinical Haematology-II|
|Immunology & Serology-I||Immunology & Serology-II|
|Histopathology & Histotechniques -I||Histopathology & Histotechniques -II|
|Clinical Haematology-I Lab||Clinical Haematology-II Lab|
|Microbiology, Immunology & Serology – I Lab||Microbiology, Immunology & Serology – II Lab|
|Histopathology & Histotechniques -I Lab||Histopathology & Histotechniques -II Lab|
|FIFTH SEMESTER||SIXTH SEMESTER|
|Immunohematology & Blood Banking||Clinical Endocrinology &Toxicology|
|Clinical Enzymology & Automation||Advanced Diagnostic Techniques|
|Parasitology & Virology||Diagnostic Molecular Biology|
|Diagnostic Cytology||Clinical Endocrinology & Toxicology Lab|
|Principles of Lab Management & Medical Ethics||Advanced Diagnostic Techniques Lab|
|Clinical Enzymology Lab||Diagnostic Molecular Biology Lab|
|Parasitology & Virology Lab||Internship Project|
|Diagnostic Cytology Lab|
B.Sc. MLT Admission Procedure
Admission to the B.Sc. MLT program is usually through an entrance exam, but some colleges and universities offer direct admission. The marks obtained in the qualifying examinations are taken into account when students are offered admission.
Based on Merit:
- After successfully applying for admission to the colleges of their choice, candidates will be asked to participate in the selection processes that each college has established.
- Prior to the selection process, medical universities/colleges will publish appropriate merit lists containing the candidates’ names as well as their ranks, which will be calculated based on their previous academic records.
- The medical college/institutions will then contact the students for counselling sessions, during which each candidate will be able to choose their preferred course and college.
- The medical college/university will offer admission to the aspirant based on their merit list rank, their preferred college/university, and the availability of seats in the preferred colleges/universities.
Based on Entrance:
- Candidates must appear for the required entrance test on the stipulated date and time after applying for it, as per the regulations of the respective colleges.
- Following the completion of the entrance exam, the conducting body will release the appropriate merit list, which will include the candidates’ names, scores, and ranks.
- Unlike other disciplines, medical schools rely on counseling processes to select candidates for admission.
- Each candidate will be asked to appear for the counseling process conducted by the authorized body based on their ranks and scores in the entrance test and the merit lists prepared by the institution.
- Candidates will be asked to choose their preferred course and college/university at the counseling center.
- The medical college/institution will admit students to courses solely on the basis of their entrance exam ranks and scores, the course and college chosen, and the availability of seats in the preferred options.
B.Sc. MLT: Important Skills Required
Medical Laboratory Technology is a course of study for those who are detail-oriented and comfortable working with bodily fluids such as blood. Sample collection, storage, testing, analysis, and documentation of analysis reports are all part of the job, which necessitates a high level of precision.
Work of this nature, while intimidating at first, can be completed with ease if one has the necessary skill-set, which includes the following:
- Communication: In order to communicate diagnoses and results, a professional in this field must be able to understand spoken and written information, read and comprehend work-related material, and speak and write clearly.
- Reasoning and Problem-Solving Skills: Medical Laboratory Technologists should be able to evaluate ideas and logic for strengths, combine multiple pieces of information to draw relevant conclusions, use logic to solve problems, and weigh the costs and benefits of a course of action.
- These professionals’ jobs necessitate the use of scientific problem-solving methods, the use of mathematical formulas to solve problems, and the accuracy of quick calculations.
- Time Management: Occasionally, a large number of samples awaiting testing may accumulate, making the workload difficult to manage unless you have time management skills and the ability to work on a priority basis. Time management also entails being mindful of not wasting the time of coworkers or patients.
- Working with People: Medical Laboratory Technologists should ideally be able to teach others how to perform laboratory work, comprehend other people’s reactions, and be on the lookout for ways to assist others.
B.Sc. MLT: Important Entrance Exams
Admission to the B.Sc. MLT program is based on either an entrance exam or a merit-based selection process. In an entrance-based method, students must pass an entrance examination in order to be considered for admission to a particular college or university. The following are some of the most popular entrance exams used to select students for admission to the B.Sc. MLT program:
- JEE Mains: The Joint Entrance Examination is the full name of the exam. The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts a national level entrance examination twice a year. The exam lasts 3 hours, or 180 minutes, and each correct answer is worth +4 points, while incorrect answers are worth -1 point.
- JEE Advanced- The Joint Entrance Exam [JEE] Advanced, formerly known as the Joint Entrance Examination of the Indian Institutes of Technology, is an entrance examination held across India for admission to a variety of educational institutions and colleges. One of the most difficult exams to pass is the JEE Advanced. Students are admitted to top institutes such as IITs, NITs, IIITs, and others based on their performance in JEE Advanced. Candidates have three hours to answer all of the questions.
- JNUEE: JNUEE stands for Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination in its full form. The National Testing Agency will conduct JNUEE 2022 (NTA). It is a university-level exam that will be held to offer admissions in various fields such as engineering, law, science, and humanity, among others. JNU. Candidates will be admitted to various UG and PG courses based on the results of this exam. To be admitted to JNU’s various courses, you must first qualify for the JNUEE.
B.Sc. MLT-Top Institutes
|Ranking by NIRF||Institute||Average Fees|
|Process of Admission||Average Salary|
|14||Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka||INR 1.20 Lakh||Entrance based||INR 5.25 Lakhs|
|37||Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi, Delhi NCR||INR 1.45 Lakh||Entrance based||INR 6 Lakhs|
|38||Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Orissa||INR 85,000||Entrance based||INR 3 Lakhs|
|50||King’s George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh||INR 73,000||Entrance based||INR 19.2 Lakhs|
|58||SRM Institute of Technology, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu||INR 55,000||Entrance based||INR 3.6 Lakhs|
|__||Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu||INR 23,255||Entrance based||_|
|__||Chandigarh University, Chandigarh||INR 1 Lakh||Entrance based||INR 3-3.5 Lakhs|
|_||Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka||INR 17,970||Entrance based||INR 3 Lakhs|
|_||Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala||INR 18,910||Entrance based||INR 1 Lakh|
|_||Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh||INR 9,500||Entrance based||_|
B.Sc. MLT: Preparation Plan
The most important thing for a student to consider when taking any entrance exam is to be familiar with the most recent exam pattern. Here are some pointers that all candidates should keep in mind as they prepare for the B.Sc. MLT entrance exam:
- Aspirants should create a detailed study plan so that they can adequately prepare for the exam and achieve good results.
- Knowing the syllabus is crucial because it allows students to stay focused on the most important topics and points during the exam.
- Candidates should practice and revise more before exams so that they can recall the topics covered previously and avoid undue stress on exam day.
- A test preparation book for your entrance exam can help you become more familiar with the types of questions that will be asked on the exam, how they will be worded, and what the exam scorers will be looking for in answers.
- Taking practice versions of the entrance exam is one of the best ways to help you prepare for it. This has a number of advantages, including familiarizing yourself with the question wording and style, narrowing down the types of information that might appear on your entrance exam, and providing a benchmark against which you can measure your progress as you study and prepare for the exam.
- Students should use their application essays to demonstrate their personality to admissions officers.
- It’s critical to make every effort to visit each school where you have expressed an interest. Not only will you get a sense of campus life, but you’ll also be able to express your interest in the school and ask important questions.
- An interview, in addition to the essay, is another way for a student to express his or her personality to admissions officers.
- Take advantage of college fairs and other opportunities to gather information about various colleges and universities, as many institutions will keep track of students who seek information, updating their files every time prospective candidates visit or tour the campus.
- Keep up to date on application deadlines by checking websites, newspapers, and magazines.
Future Trends in B.Sc. MLT
Medical laboratories have been undergoing significant innovation since the 1980s, with a remarkable increase in the complexity and range of services available. Laboratory technology frequently leads the way in medical advancements, to the point where techniques for diagnosing a condition were sometimes available before the development of an effective treatment for the same.
With its revolutionary data transfer speed and opportunities for further research on larger sets of data, information technology has recently taken the medical laboratory field by storm. The following are some of today’s emerging trends in medical laboratory technology:
- Pre-analytical procedures include selecting a test, preparing the patient, collecting and transporting the specimen, and performing daily quality checks.
- The analytic stage, which includes the actual testing of the specimen as well as all procedures leading up to the result; and the post-analytic stage, which includes the dissemination of the results to the appropriate authorities.
- In each of these stages, automation has transformed the processes to some extent, making it easier to deliver results and saving a significant amount of time.
- Even today, while much work is still done by hand—for example, specimens are frequently transported by courier—automation has already made a difference and will continue to make larger contributions to process optimization.
Information Technology for Better Services
- The IT revolution has impacted many aspects of healthcare, including laboratory services. The use of electronic systems has allowed laboratories to vastly improve their services.
- Computers can be programmed to deliver analyzes based on the interpretation of test results and suggest the appropriate action to be taken, making patient records easier to keep track of.
- Reports, too, have moved to the internet, making it easier to share test results with patients. IT is bringing enormous innovative possibilities to the field of medical laboratory technology in these and many other ways.
Laboratory Measurement and Testing Technology
- Laboratory testing technology advances are usually made in small steps with occasional breakthroughs. The following are some of the most recent trends in the area:
- Genetic testing, a concept that has already undergone significant development and widespread application, will now shift its focus to prevention. The focus will shift away from treating existing diseases and requiring costly intervention and toward active prediction and prevention of impending diseases.
- Pharmacogenomics, a relatively new science in gene technology, has emerged with the potential to improve health outcomes and save money in the long run, more than offsetting its initial high cost.
- By developing miniature devices and components for chemical processing and measurement sensors, nanotechnology has begun to influence the clinical lab industry. This technology could pave the way for the development of small, versatile point-of-care tests in the future.
B.Sc. MLT: Top Job Profiles
We’ve compiled a list of some of the most popular job positions available to successful graduates of the discipline, along with job descriptions and average annual salaries for B.Sc. (Medical Laboratory Technology) graduates:
|Profile of Job||Description of Job||Average Salary |
|Medical Record Technician||A Medical Record Technician keeps medical records running smoothly by adhering to policies and procedures, reporting needed changes, initiating medical records by searching the master patient index, and ensuring medical records are available by routing them to emergency departments.||INR 4.3 Lakhs|
|Medical Officer||Medical Officers are responsible for overseeing patient medical care and medical staff functions. They may participate directly in care when services are first implemented, and they assist in assessing and diagnosing needs and developing plans of action for individuals and families.||INR 5.12 Lakhs|
|Laboratory Manager||The lab manager’s responsibilities include conducting testing in a timely manner and personally reviewing any abnormal results to determine the cause of the anomaly. The laboratory quality manager also hires and manages employees, ensuring that everyone is properly trained.||INR 2.41 Lakhs|
|Lab Assistant||A lab assistant takes notes, records data and results, and organizes documentation. They also organize and maintain lab storage, samples, and follow all health and safety regulations when handling laboratory specimens, identifying and labeling samples, and preparing equipment and workspace.||INR 2.07 Lakhs|
B.Sc. MLT: Benefits and Scope
The Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology is an excellent course for students who want to gain experience in the medical field because graduates will receive the necessary training and develop the necessary skill set to work effectively.
- Medical Science is one of the most prestigious and in-demand courses for candidates interested in the healthcare industry.
- Medical lab technicians are essential to the smooth operation of any medical activity.
- The B.Sc. MLT curriculum includes subjects that teach students how to operate advanced laboratory equipment and conduct accurate laboratory tests.
- This degree program prepares students to work in a variety of settings, including educational institutions, hospitals, and government agencies, where they can run laboratories, consultancies, and health care centers.
- This allows the degree holder to pursue master’s degree programs in their respective fields and then pursue further studies.
- Candidates with a degree in Medical Laboratory Technology can choose from a variety of job opportunities. The demand for medical laboratory technicians or technologists in India is high enough to accommodate a wide range of applications and specializations, and it is expected to continue to rise in the coming years.
- Prospective candidates who have recently completed a B.Sc. in Medical Laboratory Technology course will find plenty of job opportunities in both government-owned and private industries.
- X-ray technicians, MRI technicians, pathology labs, blood banks, and nursing homes are all options for candidates.
- Working as a self-employed professional is another high-income option available to professionals with a few years of experience.
After completing your B.Sc. MLT, you can pursue an M.Sc. in MLT and prepare for the PET exam, after which you can pursue a PhD in the relevant field and work as a professor or a professional.
Both have a wide range of applications. The B.Sc. in MLT is difficult because there is an increase in the number of lab technician jobs, which necessitates more skills. While image technicians are not seen in every hospital, they are well compensated in comparison to B.Sc. MLT.
Yes, you can definitely get a government job because most government jobs only require a graduate degree. It makes no difference what college or university you attend. So, find your passion and begin preparing for it; work hard, and you will undoubtedly be successful in obtaining a good government position.
B.Sc. MLT is a good course because it is diversifying with new technologies in the respective fields and with adverse career opportunities, and a person can secure a job in the private and public healthcare sectors, diagnostic centers, and laboratories.
MLT professionals may work as technologists or technicians in medical laboratories, depending on their training and qualifications. Working as a technician is a good place to start. After gaining experience, one can move up the ranks and eventually become the lab manager.
Yes, you certainly can. You should contact Chandigarh University’s Admissions Office.
Yes, B.Sc. MLT distance education is acceptable in the public sector.