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Bachelor of Arts (BA): Syllabus, Courses, Scope, Fees, Online, Salary, Distance

Bachelor of Arts (BA) is an undergraduate arts programme. BA degrees can be obtained in a variety of disciplines, including English, Hindi, History, Journalism, and Psychology. In India, the course can be started immediately after graduating from high school. Colleges typically offer a three-year Arts programme in a variety of streams such as Design, Mass Communication, and Hospitality. BA (Hons) or BA courses are available in full-time, part-time, correspondence, or distance education formats. It is mandatory to study five subjects in addition to a few electives. The subjects will differ depending on the subject chosen.

Overview of Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Full FormBachelor of Arts
Duration of Course 3 Years
Eligibility Criteria50% in class 12th
Admission ProcessMerit Based and Entrance Exam Based
Courses BA History, BA English, BA Hindi, BA Economics, BA Sociology etc
BA Course in Open UniversityIGNOU
BA JobsPsychiatrist, Historian, Sociologist, Author, Writer etc

Eligbility Critera of Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Candidates can check the eligibility criteria for admission to the BA course listed below.

  • Aspirants must have a 10+2 diploma from a recognised board.
  • Some colleges also require aspirants to have a minimum of 50% aggregate marks at the 10+2 level.
  • Some colleges also provide a 5% weightage in this criteria for SC/ST candidates.

Admission Process for Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Admission to the BA programme in India is available through both merit and entrance exam.

  • BA Admission by Merit: Colleges create a cut-off list, and if your score falls within that range, you can enrol in that programme. In elite colleges such as Hindu College, Miranda House, St. Stephens College, Gargi College, and others, the cut off list for Bachelor of Arts is as high as 98 percent.
  • BA Admission via Entrance Exams: A few colleges, including Banaras Hindu University and Delhi University, accept admission through entrance exams such as JNUEE, BHU UET, DUET, and others. When applying for a Bachelor of Arts programme, the results of these entrance exams and/or Class XII results are considered.

The bachelor of arts admissions process is the same for both merit and entrances admissions, including registration, document uploading, and application fee payment. The only difference is that in the case of entrance admission, one must collect the admit card and sit for the entrances.

Some important facts about BA Admission are listed below:

  • Bachelor of Arts Admission is primarily based on class 12 merit. Entrance exams are held by a few colleges, including BHU, St. Xaviers, Jadavpur University, and Loyola College.
  • To be eligible for Bachelor of Arts admission, a candidate must have a minimum of 50% in class 12. Top BA colleges require a merit score of 90 percent or higher.
  • Registration for Bachelor of Arts admission typically begins in the months of May and June.
  • CUCET/CUET will be used for admission to Delhi University and its affiliated colleges.
  • Patna Women’s College and Christ University have already begun registration for BA admission.
  • JNUEE, Calcutta University Entrance Exam, NPAT, IPU CET, BHU UET, and TISSBAT are the top BA entrance exams.

Benefits of Pursuing Bachelor of Arts (BA)

With over 9 million people choosing to pursue a Bachelor of Arts degree, it has become one of India’s most popular courses. Some of the reasons why you should pursue a BA after high school are as follows:

  • A bachelor’s degree in the arts offers more career options than a bachelor’s degree in science or business.
  • In contrast to a BSc, BBA, or BCom, which focuses on a specific discipline, a Bachelor of Arts focuses on a broad range of concepts.
  • A BA degree allows graduates to work in healthcare, management, business, finance, commerce, or any other field.
  • Because most government jobs and government exams, such as the SSC, require candidates to have a bachelor’s degree in the arts, pursuing a bachelor’s degree in the arts is the best option for those who want to work in the government sector.
  • Bachelor of Arts graduates have the same number of job opportunities as IT and Medical Course graduates.
  • Bachelor of Arts emphasises cultural knowledge, which is not taught in other courses.
  • Bachelor of Arts programme places a greater emphasis on emotional intelligence and interpersonal skills.

Skills Required for Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Candidates interested in pursuing a BA course should have the following skillset:

  • Interpersonal skills
  • Goal-oriented
  • Management skills
  • Good communication skills
  • Analytical thinking
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Intellectually curious
  • Organisation skills
  • Ability to work under pressure
  • Inquisitive

Entrance Exams for Bachelor of Arts (BA)

There is a list of entrance exams for students interested in pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree. For your convenience, we have listed a few of the top entrance exams as well as other important prerequisites.

  • Students who wish to pursue a Bachelor of Arts must pass the entrance exam for the course.
  • Admission to Bachelor of Arts programmes is based on the results of an entrance exam and an interview round conducted by the respective universities.
  • A candidate can apply for several entrance exams, including BHU-UET, IPU-CET, TISSBAT, JNUEE, NPAT, and others, depending on the college to which he or she wishes to apply.

Preparation Tips for Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Top BA Colleges in India accept students based on their class XII results. BA cut-off scores in Miranda, Gargi, and Hindu reach 98-99 percent. As a result, it is critical to prepare thoroughly for both the class 12 exams and the entrance exams.

  • Keep track of the colleges to which you want to apply and ensure that you meet the eligibility requirements.
  • To ensure a smooth process, ensure that applications for BA colleges are submitted well ahead of time.
  • Making a proper timetable is essential when preparing for the entrances.
  • One must be aware of what is going on in and around the world, as well as keep up to date on colleges, exams, and admission procedures.

Top Colleges for Bachelor of Arts in India

Top BA colleges in India are concentrated in major cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, and Pune, among others. The tables below discuss the top BA colleges in five major Indian cities.

In Mumbai

College NameFees (INR)
Ramnarain Ruia Autonomous College4825
KC College10815
Wilson College4095
Mithibai College of Arts8000
Amity University Mumbai80,000
Whistling Woods International9,00,000
SP Jain School of Management12,77,940
DG Ruparel College of Arts, Science and Commerce5805

In Delhi

College NameFees (INR)
Lady Shri Ram College for Women20370
Miranda House14160
Hindu College17560
Hansraj College20545
Indian Institute of Art and Design4,68,975
Ramjas College13495
Jesus and Mary College15610
Gargi College12295
Sri Venkateswara College12405
Delhi College of Arts and Commerce9095

In Kolkata

College NameFees (INR)
St Xaviers College32600
Asutosh College4730
Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose College8600
Sarsuna College2100
University of Calcutta2899
Bangabasi College4810
Charuchandra College5410
Chittaranjan College2905
Deshbandhu College for Girls4530
Maharaja Sris Chandra College2450

In Bangalore

College NameFees (INR)
St Joseph’s College28800
Universal Group of Institutions150000
Brindavan Group of Institutions105600
RS College of Management200000
SEA College of Arts and Commerce55,000
SJR College of Arts, Commerce and Science6000
Bangalore University1857
The National Degree College9000
London American City College20000

In Pune

College NameFees (INR)
St Mira College for Girls19350
Abeda Inamdar Senior College9240
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University16000
Hutatma Rajguru Mahavidyalaya7120
Tikaram jagannath College of Arts, Commerce and Science5400
MU College of Commerce2400
MIT Art, design and Technology University45000
TCC Pune4010
SMNC Pune2730

Top Colleges for Bachelor of Arts in Abroad

Aspirants can find top BA colleges in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada to pursue various specialisations in BA courses.


College NameFees (USD)
Stanford University74000
University of California44000
Columbia University59000
University of Chicago56000
Princeton University49400
Yale University60000
Cornell University58600
University of Pennsylvania50500
Johns Hopkins University54200


College NameFees (USD)
University of Cambridge44500
University of Oxford33000
University College London23400
University of Edinburgh37300
Kings College of London38500
University of Manchster26400
University of Glasgow26500
University of Bristol23000
University of Southampton25700
University of Warwick22100

In Canada

College NameFees (USD)
University of Toronto45600
University of British Columbia32200
McGill University17000
University of Montreal14400
University of Alberta22100
McMaster University26700
University of Calgary16600
University of Waterloo32300
University of Ontario Institute of Technology18200
Queen’s University18200

In Australia

College NameFees (USD)
Australian National University27900
University of Melbourne23800
University of NSW24300
University of Sydney25500
University of Queensland32500
Monash University11200
University of Adelaide28500
University of Western Australia22800
Macquarie University20200
University of Wollongong16200

Types of Bachelor of Arts Programmes

Aside from a regular Bachelor of Arts of three years duration, an aspirant can pursue BA in distance mode or online mode, which is designed to meet the needs of individuals who want to pursue Bachelor of Arts from home or while working full-time.

Types of BAEligibility CriteriaDurationAverage Fees
Full-time BA 10+2 from a recognised board with 50% marks3 yearsINR 10,000 – 80,000
Distance BA10+2 qualifying degree from a recognized board.3-6 YearsINR 6,000 – 20,000
Online BA10+2 qualifying degree from a recognized board.3 years INR 40 000 to 1,00, 000

Syllabus for Bachelor of Arts (BA)

The syllabus for the BA programme varies by subject. However, there are a few BA subjects that are required for all programmes. The following are the results:

General knowledgeComprehensive Ability
Indian PolityNumerical and Mental Ability
The Human Body & Common DiseaseHistory & Indian Culture
Population & Climate ChangeEnvironmental Studies
BA Programme Subjects

The BA programme includes an integrated syllabus for several subjects. The following is an explanation:

BA Subjects & Syllabus
BA English
English Literature Twentieth-Century Indian Writing

Concurrent – Qualifying Language

Nineteenth-Century European Realism/ Classical Literature/ Forms of Popular Fiction

Concurrent – Discipline Centered Contemporary Literature
Anglo-American Writing from 1930/ Literary Theory/ Women’s Writing of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries/ Modern European Drama (-)
BA Political Science

Language – MIL/ English Environmental Science

Understanding Political Theory

Constitutional Government and Democracy in India

Generic Elective

Environmental Science Language – MIL/ English

Political Theory-Concepts and Debates

Political Process in India

Introduction to Comparative Government & Politics

Perspectives on Public Administration

Perspectives on International Relations

Ability Enhancement Course

Pol. Process & Inst. in Comparative Perspective

Public Policy and Administration in India

Global Politics

Generic Elective

Ability Enhancement Course

Classical Political Philosophy

Modern Indian Political Thought

Modern Political Philosophy

Indian Political Thought

BA History

History of India

Social Formations and Cultural Patterns of the Ancient World

Social Formations and Cultural Patterns of the Medieval World

Rise of Modern West

History of Modern Europe

History Of Southeast Asia: 19th Century

History of Modern East Asia

Generic Elective (Interdisciplinary Any Four): Environmental Issues In India, Research Methodology in History, Making of Contemporary India, Delhi: Ancient, Delhi: Medieval, Delhi: Modern or Issues in the Contemporary World
Any Two: Understanding Heritage/ Art Appreciation: An Introduction to Indian Art/ Archives and museums/ Understanding Popular Culture

BA Psychology

Introduction to Psychology

Statistical Methods for Psychological Research-I

Environmental Science

General Psychology

Bio psychology

Psychology of Individual Differences

English Communication

Youth, Gender and Identity

Development of Psychological

Psychological Research

Social Psychology

Emotional Intelligence

Psychology for Health and Well-being

Understanding Psychological Disorders

Statistical Methods for Psychological Research-II

Applied Social Psychology

Stress Management

Psychology at Work

Dealing with Psychological Disorders

Developmental Psychology

Positive Psychology

Human Resource Management

Organizational Behavior

Counselling Psychology

Health Psychology

Community Psychology

BA Philosophy

Indian Philosophy


Greek Philosophy


Western Philosophy: Descartes to Kant

Social & Political Philosophy: Indian and Western

Applied Ethics

Text of Indian Philosophy

Text of Western Philosophy

Truth Functional Logic

Analytic Philosophy

Continental Philosophy

Philosophy of Religion (Indian & Western)

Philosophy of Language (Indian & Western)

BA Social Work

Beginnings of Social Work

Fundamental of Social Work

Sociology for Social Work

Concurrent Field Work

Concurrent- Qualifying Language

Basic Concepts in Psychology

Contemporary Social Concerns

Social Psychology

Concurrent- credit Language

Working with Individuals

Working with Groups

Social Deviance and Social Problems

Community Organisation

Communication and Development

Physical, Mental and Community Health

Social Policy and Social Development

Social Legislation and Human Rights

Social Action and Movements

Social Welfare and Administration

Research in Social Work

Areas of Social Work Practice II

NGO Movement

BA Economics

Introductory Microeconomics

Mathematical Methods for Economics

Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course

Generic Elective

Introductory Macroeconomics

Mathematical Methods for Economics

Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course

Intermediate Microeconomics

Statistical Methods for Economics

Skill Enhancement Course

Intermediate Microeconomics & Macroeconomics

Introductory Econometrics

Skill Enhancement Course 

Indian Economy

Development Economics

Discipline-Specific Elective

Indian Economy

Development Economics

BA Archaeology

Methodology and Perspectives of Social Science

History of Art and Architecture in India

Basics of Archaeology

Introduction to Sociology

Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern Kerala

Methods of Archaeology

History of Folklore

Development of Sociological Theory

Making of Modern Kerala

BA Sociology

Methodology and Perspectives of Social Science

History of Art and Architecture in India

Basics of Archaeology

Introduction to Sociology

Cultural Transition in Pre-Modern Kerala

Methods of Archaeology

History of Folklore

Development of Sociological Theory

Making of Modern Kerala


Basics of Indian Numismatics

Introduction to Political Science

Understanding the Past

Early Societies in India

Development of Numismatics in India

Governmental Machinery and Processes

Growth of Indian Archaeology

Introduction to Archives and Records

Archaeological Sites and Monuments in India

Archival Conservation and Reprography

BA Geography



Cartographic Techniques

Geography of Population

Concurrent – Qualifying Language

Analytical Physical Geography


Thematic Cartography (Practical)

Geography of Settlements

Concurrent – Credit Language

Economic Geography

Environmental Geography

Remote Sensing (Practical)

Urban Geography

Concurrent – Interdisciplinary

Geography of Natural Resources

Spatial Dimensions of Development

Statistical Methods in Geography

Geography of India

Evolution of Geographical Thought

Social Geography

Regional Planning: Case Studies

Field Techniques

Disaster Management

Geographical Information System

Optional: Agricultural Geography, Bio Geography, Political Geography, Geography of Tourism, Contemporary Environmental Issues and Rural Development

BA Anthropology

Introduction to Social Anthropology

Introduction to Biological Anthropology

Archaeological Anthropology-I & II

Technical Writing & Communication in English/ Computational Skills

Anthropology of Kinship

Biostatistics and Data Analysis

Theories of Culture and Society

Human Genetics

Primate Biology / Cell Biology-I

Molecular Biology-I & II

Tribes and Peasants in India

Anthropology of religion, politics & economy

Biodiversity & Indigenous Knowledge / Cell Biology II

Anthropology of India

Human Ecology: Biological Dimensions

Biological Diversity in Human Populations

Human Ecology: Social and Cultural Dimensions

Genetics & Genomics

Field work dissertation

Fundamental of Human Origins and Evolution

Genomic Diversity in Human Populations

Anthropology In Practice

BA Rural Studies

Elements of Rural Development

Rural Development Policies and Programmes

Indian Rural Economic Scene

Indian Rural Social Scene

Job Profiles in Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Following are a few sectors and profiles for BA graduates:

Job ProfileDescriptionAverage Salary (INR)
Content CreatorContent creators can work in a variety of fields, including copywriting, travel writing, blogging, and so on. They are also required in large multinational corporations to create content for brands and advertising.3.5 LPA
Academic Writing and EditingAcademic writers typically create content for research articles or papers and edit previously written articles to make changes.4 LPA
Air Hostess/ Flight AttendantThey are in charge of the safety of the passengers on board the flight, as well as their care and service.6 LPA
Political ConsultantA political consultant investigates the origins, evolution, and operation of political systems, which may include public opinion, ideology, political decision-making, and so on.7.5 LPA
Author/ WriterApart from various types of literature mediums, an author writes fictional, academic, nonfiction, or any genre of books or short stories.4.5 LPA
HistorianA historian typically writes or outlines a chronological account or record of past or current historical events dealing with some phase of human activity, either in terms of individuals or social, ethnic, political, or geographic groupings.4.5 LPA
PsychologistA psychologist uses their education and practical experience to provide diagnostic interviews, psychological testing, individual and group psychotherapy, and other services. They can work alone or as part of a multidisciplinary team of professionals.4.2 LPA
Executive AssistantAn Executive Assistant works in a similar capacity to a secretary or administrative assistant. They usually handle everything from accepting and making phone calls to creating business meeting agendas and reviewing incoming reports.6 LPA
CounsellorA counsellor advises students or professionals on their career and studies based on their interests. They work either independently or as part of a counselling firm.3.5 LPA
Foreign Language ExpertForeign language experts are professionals who assist in the translation of conversations and written documents in order to overcome language barriers in business and communication.4 LPA
Social WorkerSocial work can be done in any field, such as child labour, women’s rights, unemployment, animal welfare, and so on. There are numerous government institutions and organisations that require the services of social workers. They are also employed by national and international non-governmental organisations.2.9 LPA
ArchaeologistArchaeologists investigate historic and prehistoric sites and examine physical remains in order to understand human connections to the past and preserve past cultures.3.5 LPA

Scope in Bachelor of Arts (BA)

  • BA degree holders can work in both the government and private sectors, earning an average salary of INR 4-7LPA.
  • Some of the main domains for these candidates to work in include educational institutes, economic development, export companies, foreign affairs, law firms, lobbying firms, media houses, and so on.
  • Bachelor of Arts students with less than one year of experience can expect to earn between INR 18,000 and 25,000. A minimum salary of INR 22,000-28, 000 can be expected in cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Chennai, among others.
  • In other cities, the starting salary can range between INR 15,000 and 18,000, depending on the job profile and the company.
  • Some of the top recruiting companies for Bachelor of Arts graduates include Deloitte, ITC Hotels, NIIT, Byju’s, Toppr, BCG, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, KPMG, Accenture, and others.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ques. What exactly is a Bachelor of Arts in English?

Ans. A Bachelor of Arts (BA) in English is a three-year undergraduate academic programme in English and English Literature. It is taught in a variety of private and public universities and covers topics such as English Literature, Twentieth Century Indian Writing, British Poetry and Drama, American Literature, etc.

Ques. Are Liberal Arts courses available through the BA?

Ans. Yes. BA Liberal Arts programmes are available at a number of universities and colleges. The BA Liberal Arts programme lasts four years.

Ques. Can I pursue a BA in Political Science via distance education?

Ans. Yes. There are now numerous universities/colleges/institutions that offer admission to BA Political Science programmes. The degree, however, is only valid if the university is recognised by the UGC.

Ques. Can I pursue an MBA after completing my BA?

Ans. You certainly can. However, it is also dependent on the course you chose for your graduation and how it will benefit you while doing your MBA.

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