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Astronomy Courses: Online Courses, Colleges, Admissions, Scope

Astronomy Courses: Astronomy is a science that studies the physical cosmos, with an emphasis on events, celestial objects, and activities that occur outside of the earth’s atmosphere. Astronomy is currently known as astrophysics in the world today. In the area of astronomy, it is divided into two branches: theoretical and observational.

After completing class 12th, a student can follow these astronomy programs. Selected institutions and institutions in India provide astronomy programmes at the certificate, graduate, postgraduate/master’s, and Ph.D. levels. The Certificate programmes are only available online. Offline colleges as well as a few online services such as Udemy, Coursera, edX, Alison, and others provide astronomy courses.

Upon finishing astronomy courses, students can engage as space scientists, research scientists, observational astronomers, theoretical astrophysicists, solar astronomers, technicians, and research assistants.

Astronomy Courses: Overview

Astronomy is the study of data gathered from observations of celestial objects and processed using fundamental physics concepts. It is also centered on the discovery and development of astronomical objects in distant space, which can range from nearby planets to the entire galaxy.

The information for the dance program are listed below:

Course StreamAstronomy Courses
Popular CoursesCertificate: Certificate in Astronomy
UG: B.Sc. in Astronomy/Astrophysics, Space Science
PG: M.Sc. in Astronomy/Astrophysics, Space Science
Doctorate: Ph.D. in Astronomy/Astrophysics
EligibilityCertificate: Pass in Class 10+2 from a recognized board/ university: Pass in Class 10+2 with Science (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) stream from a recognized university pg: Pass in bachelor’s degree in astronomy or equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university.
Doctorate: Pass in a master’s degree in astronomy or equivalent with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university.
Average Course FeesCertificate: INR 5,000 – 20,000
UG: INR 5,000 – 1,00,000
PG: INR 5,000 – 1,00,000
Doctorate: INR 10,000 – 1,50,000
Online coursesAvailable
Types of Online CoursesUdemy, Coursera, edX, Alison, etc.
Average SalaryCertificate: INR 2 – 4 LPA
UG: INR 3 – 7 LPA
PG: INR 5 – 7 LPA
Doctorate: INR 5 – 10 LPA
Top Job ProfilesSpace Scientist, Research Scientist, Observational Astronomers, Theoretical Astrophysicists, Stellar Astronomers, Solar Astronomers, Technicians, Research Assistants, etc.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Astronomy

The eligibility standards for astronomy vary at every university, depending on their choice in previous degree course scores or marks, as well as required background disciplines of study.

For a Undergraduate degree

  • 1. Students must achieve a minimum of 50% in all courses and above in 12 grades after averaging their scores.
  • 2. Students should have finished their 12th grade in science with math and physics as subjects.
  • 3. Astronomy admissions are either dependent on a qualifying examination or on merit, depending on the institution’s criteria.

For a Postgraduate degree

  1. In order to get a bachelor’s degree, you must have a minimum average score of 55 percent or above.
  2. A bachelor’s degree in science is required (physics, mathematics, astrophysics, or astronomy).
  3. Admissions are based on admission tests or merit, depending on the requirements of the university.

Astronomy Entrance Exams

Many colleges administer entrance exams as part of the enrollment process, while others proceed with admissions based on a merit list.
I. IISER Aptitude Test

The entrance exam for the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) is for B.Sc. and M.Sc. degree admissions. The Institution organizes it once a year.


The Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam (JNUEE) is held once a year for enrollment in the university’s numerous undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes. The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers the examination in an online format.

iii. IIT JAM

Every year, the Joint Admission Test for MSc (JAM) is a national-level examination conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) for admissions to Masters’s degree programmes in science fields.

How are Bachelor’s Degrees in Astronomy Programme Conducted?

Enrollment for bachelor’s degree programmes in dance is merit-based, with candidates admitted depending on their interview performance, albeit the admission process varies at each college.

  • Several colleges contemplate immediate admission based on merit through university-level written exams or entrance examination tests.
  • Institutions admit students to these bachelor’s programmes depending on their performance or scores in class 10+2 (if applicable) in such instances.

How are Master’s Programs in Astronomy Programme Conducted?

Enrollment to Masters Astronomy programmes is based on an applicant’s performance in the relevant bachelor’s discipline and counseling.

  • Individuals must fill out enrollment forms for the colleges and universities they wish to attend.
  • Most colleges administer university written exams accompanied by an interview.
  • For eligible students, colleges and universities will compile a merit list, which will be followed by counselling and document verification.

What is the course in Astronomy about?

Astronomy is a science subject that explores the physical cosmos, with a concentration on events, objects, and phenomena that occur beyond the earth’s atmosphere. In a nutshell, astronomy is the detailed study of everything outside of the earth’s atmosphere, including the moon, sun, planets, stars, and much more. Astronomy holds a lot of promise, optimism, and understanding for seekers in the future. 

What are the prerequisites for the astronomy curriculum?

Astronomy is a research subject that is best suited for those who have a strong interest in space programs or technologies. They should be cautious and patient when it comes to astronomy, as unusual events do not occur on a regular basis. Besides that, they must have a problem-solving and creative 
the mindset in order to invent innovative things in this industry.

A few of the skills that applicants interested in pursuing a career in astronomy must have are listed below:

Critical Thinking & Problem-Solving Skills

Such abilities enable us to overcome typical roadblocks, test our views and assumptions, and rectify psychological mistakes. It aids in the proper assessment of issues, the evaluation of potential solutions, and the prediction of likely dangers.

Effective Problem-solvingCoursera5 hoursFree
Critical Thinking & Problem-solvingedX3 weeksINR 14,580

Colleges for Bachelor’s Astronomy Courses

In the table below, some of the institutions that offer astronomy programmes are listed:

College NameLocation
Radio Astronomy CenterTamilnadu
Indian Institute of ScienceBangalore
Indian Institute of AstrophysicsBangalore

Colleges for Masters in Astronomy Courses

The table below lists a few of the colleges that offer astronomy programmes:

College NameLocation
Osmania UniversityHyderabad
Punjabi UniversityVaranasi
Indian Institute of Space Science & TechnologyThiruvananthapuram
Interuniversity Center for Astronomy & AstrophysicsPune
MP Birla PlanetariumKolkata

Top PhD Astronomy Courses

The following are among the best doctorate astronomy programmes in India after graduation:

Course NameColleges OfferingAverage Fees
PhD AstronomyMahatma Gandhi University Swami Ramanand Teerth UniversityINR 59,000

How are doctorate program admissions handled?

Enrollment in Doctorate Dance programmes is contingent on passing the qualifying exams as well as passing the necessary masters and counselling subjects.

  • Individuals must fill out admission procedures for the colleges and universities they wish to attend.
  • For students seeking admissions to Ph.D. programmes, there is an entrance exam known as the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST).
  • For qualifying masters students, universities and colleges will compile a merit list, which will be followed by counselling and document verification.

Course Subjects

The core subjects of study in astronomy include;

  1. Physics
  2. Mathematics
  3. Quantum mechanics
  4. Celestial and fluid mechanics
  5. Positional Astronomy
  6. Space physics
  7. Astronomical techniques
  8. Electromagnetic waves and radiating system
  9. Advanced electronics
  10. Galactic system and cosmology 

Carrer Scope for Astronomy Courses

The career elements of astronomy course studies, as well as the benefits that come with them, are determined by the individual’s talents and knowledge in the subject. The employment offered by prestigious institutions requires a high level of ability. To achieve professional-level work and produce discoveries, most people who pursue astronomy pursue the research-based analysis of the topic as a PhD degree. In both the commercial and public sectors, there are a variety of work opportunities. Inter-University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), NASA, Forecasting & Assessment Council (TIFAC), Technology Information, and others are regarded as excellent places to begin your career.

Students with an astronomy degree might choose from a variety of professional opportunities.

Job ProfileJob Description
Research ScientistDesigning, undertaking, analysing information from laboratory-based experiments and investigations.
AstronomerPrepare and assess scientific theories and research proposals. They explore the ever-expanding space from a position of standstill due to the issue of light reaching us.
Space ScientistPrepare presentations and observation papers recorded during the research process.
AstrophysicistWatch space, utilising telescopes and analyse outer space and observe the atmosphere.
Observational astronomersDeveloping and testing scientific theories, analysing data and making research proposals.

Astronomy Top Recruiters

  1. NASA
  2. ISRO
  3. TIFAC
  4. NCRA
  5. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
  6. National Observatory Astronomy

Average Salary

The income ranges for Astronomy professions varies depending on the degree earned, as well as abilities, expertise, and experience in the area.

Job ProfileAverage Annual Salary (Rs)
AstronomerRs. 7 to 15 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Observatory astronomerRs. 6 to 13 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Space ScientistRs. 8 to 12 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Research analystRs. 6 to 12 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
AstrophysicistRs. 7 to 13 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

FAQ’s for Astronomy Courses

Which course should someone take who wants to pursue astronomy study?

To pursue an astronomy curriculum in later studies, one must take science throughout their 10+2. A degree in science stream in subjects such as maths, physics, and astrophysics or astronomy is required for undergraduate, master’s, and PhD programmes in astronomy.

What types of work opportunities exist for astronomy graduates?

Astronomy students can work as Space Scientists, Research Scientists, Observational Astronomers, Theoretical Astrophysicists, Stellar Astronomers, Solar Astronomers, Technicians, and Research Assistants, among other positions.

What is the typical astronomy course salary?

The typical income ranges between INR 2 LPA and INR 12 LPA, depending on the job type.

Are there any admission examinations for astronomy courses?

Yes, for applicants interested in pursuing a Ph.D. in astronomy, there is an entrance exam known as the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST).

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